Abstract

We have observed ultraslow propagation of matched pulses in a parametric amplifying hot sodium vapor. A fractional delay of more than 1 and a gain of 28 have been simultaneously achieved for a probe pulse of width 100ns, accompanying a conjugate Stokes pulse with similar gain and delay under a strong coupling beam. The results are compared with the preceding work by Boyer et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007)] .

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, Nature 426, 638 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Harada, T. Kanbashi, M. Mitsunaga, and K. Motomura, Phys. Rev. A 73, 013807 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Harada, K. Mori, J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, and M. Mitsunaga, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013809 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, A. Fujisawa, and M. Mitsunaga, Opt. Lett. 34, 698 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. F. McCormick, V. Boyer, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Opt. Lett. 32, 178 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Eilam, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and H. Friedmann, Opt. Lett. 33, 1605 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 552 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

A. Eilam, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and H. Friedmann, Opt. Lett. 33, 1605 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Harada, K. Mori, J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, and M. Mitsunaga, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. McCormick, V. Boyer, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Opt. Lett. 32, 178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

K. Harada, T. Kanbashi, M. Mitsunaga, and K. Motomura, Phys. Rev. A 73, 013807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, Nature 426, 638 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 552 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arimondo, E.

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. McCormick, V. Boyer, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Opt. Lett. 32, 178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bajcsy, M.

M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, Nature 426, 638 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, V.

C. F. McCormick, V. Boyer, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Opt. Lett. 32, 178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eilam, A.

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Friedmann, H.

Fry, E. S.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujisawa, A.

Harada, K.

K. Harada, K. Mori, J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, and M. Mitsunaga, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Harada, T. Kanbashi, M. Mitsunaga, and K. Motomura, Phys. Rev. A 73, 013807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 552 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, N.

J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, A. Fujisawa, and M. Mitsunaga, Opt. Lett. 34, 698 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Harada, K. Mori, J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, and M. Mitsunaga, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kanbashi, T.

K. Harada, T. Kanbashi, M. Mitsunaga, and K. Motomura, Phys. Rev. A 73, 013807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kash, M. M.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lett, P. D.

C. F. McCormick, V. Boyer, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Opt. Lett. 32, 178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, Nature 426, 638 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, C. F.

C. F. McCormick, V. Boyer, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Opt. Lett. 32, 178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitsunaga, M.

J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, A. Fujisawa, and M. Mitsunaga, Opt. Lett. 34, 698 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Harada, K. Mori, J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, and M. Mitsunaga, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Harada, T. Kanbashi, M. Mitsunaga, and K. Motomura, Phys. Rev. A 73, 013807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mori, K.

K. Harada, K. Mori, J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, and M. Mitsunaga, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Motomura, K.

K. Harada, T. Kanbashi, M. Mitsunaga, and K. Motomura, Phys. Rev. A 73, 013807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Okuma, J.

J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, A. Fujisawa, and M. Mitsunaga, Opt. Lett. 34, 698 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Harada, K. Mori, J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, and M. Mitsunaga, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. A.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Welch, G. R.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wilson-Gordon, A. D.

Zibrov, A. S.

M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, Nature 426, 638 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, Nature 426, 638 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

K. Harada, T. Kanbashi, M. Mitsunaga, and K. Motomura, Phys. Rev. A 73, 013807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Harada, K. Mori, J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, and M. Mitsunaga, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 552 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Double-Λ scheme in the energy-level diagram of the Na D1 line. (b) Typical temporal profiles of reference, probe, and Stokes pulses in slow matched-pulse propagation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup: RDL, ring dye laser; PBS, polarizing beam splitters; AOM, acousto-optic modulators; APD, avalanche photodetectors; λ 2 , half-wave plates; λ 4 , quarter-wave plates.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Oscilloscope traces of reference, probe, and Stokes pulses. (a) High-gain case (probe gain = 28 ). The reference pulse is magnified 28 times. (b) Low-gain case (probe gain = 1.5 ) and (c) numerical simulation for the low-gain case. Parameters employed are γ s ( hyperfine sublevel dephasing rate ) = 0.1 MHz . γ ( optical dephasing rate ) = 100 MHz , Ω = 85 MHz , n 1 ( level 1 population ) = 0.99 , a 0 ( linear absorption coefficient for probe ) = 5 cm 1 , L ( sample length ) = 7.5 cm , and t r ( input pulsewidth ) = 100 ns . Small lobes observed in the falling edges of the pulses in (a) and (b) are due to the detector response.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Numerical simulation of gain, fractional delay, and fractional broadening for probe and Stokes pulses as a function of coupling Rabi frequency Ω. Parameters are the same as Fig. 3c.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of Matched-Pulse Propagation

Metrics