Abstract

We report the performance of a resonantly cladding-pumped, Yb-free, Er-doped fiber laser. We believe this is the first reported resonantly cladding-pumped fiber-Bragg-grating-based, Er-doped, large-mode-area (LMA) fiber laser. The laser, pumped by fiber-coupled InGaAsPInP laser diode modules at 1532.5nm, delivers 48W of cw output at 1590nm. It is believed to be the highest power ever reported from a Yb-free Er-doped LMA fiber. This fully integrated laser also has the optical-to-optical efficiency of 57%, to the best of our knowledge, the highest efficiency reported for cladding-pumped unidirectionally emitting Er-doped laser.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Express 13, 4916 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. M. Pask, R. J. Chapman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. T. Walton, L. A. Zenteno, A. Ellison, J. Anderson, X. Liu, L. Hughes, C. Caneau, and C. E. Zah, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMK5.
  6. J. D. Minelly, V. Stasyuk, J. P. de Sandro, E. Gagnon, and S. Chatigny, presented at Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (OAA 2004), San Francisco, Calif., June 27-30 2004, postdeadline paper PD4-1.
  7. M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and I. Kudryashov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 031111 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and I. Kudryashov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 031111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

1995 (1)

H. M. Pask, R. J. Chapman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, J.

D. T. Walton, L. A. Zenteno, A. Ellison, J. Anderson, X. Liu, L. Hughes, C. Caneau, and C. E. Zah, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMK5.

Barber, P. R.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Chapman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Caneau, C.

D. T. Walton, L. A. Zenteno, A. Ellison, J. Anderson, X. Liu, L. Hughes, C. Caneau, and C. E. Zah, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMK5.

Chapman, R. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Chapman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chatigny, S.

J. D. Minelly, V. Stasyuk, J. P. de Sandro, E. Gagnon, and S. Chatigny, presented at Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (OAA 2004), San Francisco, Calif., June 27-30 2004, postdeadline paper PD4-1.

Clarkson, W. A.

Dawes, J. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Chapman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Sandro, J. P.

J. D. Minelly, V. Stasyuk, J. P. de Sandro, E. Gagnon, and S. Chatigny, presented at Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (OAA 2004), San Francisco, Calif., June 27-30 2004, postdeadline paper PD4-1.

Dubinskii, M.

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and I. Kudryashov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 031111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ellison, A.

D. T. Walton, L. A. Zenteno, A. Ellison, J. Anderson, X. Liu, L. Hughes, C. Caneau, and C. E. Zah, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMK5.

Gagnon, E.

J. D. Minelly, V. Stasyuk, J. P. de Sandro, E. Gagnon, and S. Chatigny, presented at Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (OAA 2004), San Francisco, Calif., June 27-30 2004, postdeadline paper PD4-1.

Hanna, D. C.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Chapman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, L.

D. T. Walton, L. A. Zenteno, A. Ellison, J. Anderson, X. Liu, L. Hughes, C. Caneau, and C. E. Zah, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMK5.

Kudryashov, I.

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and I. Kudryashov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 031111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lammert, R. M.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

D. T. Walton, L. A. Zenteno, A. Ellison, J. Anderson, X. Liu, L. Hughes, C. Caneau, and C. E. Zah, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMK5.

Mackechnie, C. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Chapman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Minelly, J. D.

J. D. Minelly, V. Stasyuk, J. P. de Sandro, E. Gagnon, and S. Chatigny, presented at Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (OAA 2004), San Francisco, Calif., June 27-30 2004, postdeadline paper PD4-1.

Oh, S. W.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Osowski, M. L.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pask, H. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Chapman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rudy, P. T.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Shen, D. Y.

Stakelon, T.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stasyuk, V.

J. D. Minelly, V. Stasyuk, J. P. de Sandro, E. Gagnon, and S. Chatigny, presented at Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (OAA 2004), San Francisco, Calif., June 27-30 2004, postdeadline paper PD4-1.

Ter-Mikirtychev, V.

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Chapman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ungar, J. E.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vaissie, L.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Walton, D. T.

D. T. Walton, L. A. Zenteno, A. Ellison, J. Anderson, X. Liu, L. Hughes, C. Caneau, and C. E. Zah, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMK5.

Zah, C. E.

D. T. Walton, L. A. Zenteno, A. Ellison, J. Anderson, X. Liu, L. Hughes, C. Caneau, and C. E. Zah, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMK5.

Zenteno, L. A.

D. T. Walton, L. A. Zenteno, A. Ellison, J. Anderson, X. Liu, L. Hughes, C. Caneau, and C. E. Zah, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMK5.

Zhang, J.

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and I. Kudryashov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 031111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and I. Kudryashov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 031111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. M. Pask, R. J. Chapman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. T. Walton, L. A. Zenteno, A. Ellison, J. Anderson, X. Liu, L. Hughes, C. Caneau, and C. E. Zah, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMK5.

J. D. Minelly, V. Stasyuk, J. P. de Sandro, E. Gagnon, and S. Chatigny, presented at Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (OAA 2004), San Francisco, Calif., June 27-30 2004, postdeadline paper PD4-1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical layout of the resonantly cladding-pumped, Yb-free, Er-doped fiber laser based on a COTS Liekki Er60-20/125DC fiber pumped at 1532.5 nm . Laser cavity consists of the high-reflectivity FBG mirror and the straight cleave at the output fiber end.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output versus absorbed pump-power dependence obtained for the resonantly cladding-pumped Er-doped FBG laser shown in Fig. 1. The line is the linear regression of the data points presented by open circles.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral output of the FBG laser shown in Fig. 1 (ANDO AQ6370 optical spectrum analyzer, resolution 0.05 nm ). Indicated in Fig. 3 are: residual pump, the leaked unabsorbed pump power at 1532.5 nm ; ASE, amplified spontaneous emission; lasing, the underresolved (on the scale shown in Fig. 3) FBG-controlled fiber laser emission at 1590 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Far-field pattern of the laser output beam for the resonantly cladding-pumped, Yb-free, Er-doped FBG laser after stripping the higher-order modes by proper fiber coiling.

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