Abstract

A fast and switchable electro-optic radial polarization retarder (EO-RPR) fabricated using the electro-optic ceramic Pb(Mg13Nb23)O3PbTiO3 is presented. This EO-RPR is useful for fast and switchable generation of a pure cylindrical vector beam. When used together with a pair of half-wave plates, the EO-RPR can change circularly polarized light into any cylindrical vector beam of interest, such as radially or azimuthally polarized light. Radially and azimuthally polarized light with purities greater than 95% are generated experimentally. The advantages of using EO-RPR include fast response time, low driving voltage, and transparency in a wide spectral range (500 to 7000nm).

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

2004

X. S. Chen, K. W. Li, K. Zou, R. Zhang, H. Jiang, G. Ozen, and B. Di Bartolo, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 782, A5.57.1 (2004).

Q. Zhan, Opt. Express 12, 3377 (2004).
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X. S. Chen, K. W. Li, K. Zou, R. Zhang, H. Jiang, G. Ozen, and B. Di Bartolo, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 782, A5.57.1 (2004).

Di Bartolo, B.

X. S. Chen, K. W. Li, K. Zou, R. Zhang, H. Jiang, G. Ozen, and B. Di Bartolo, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 782, A5.57.1 (2004).

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M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. A 86, 329 (2007).
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S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Lett. 179, 1 (2000).

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D. Goldstein, Polarized Light, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003).
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Kano, H.

Kimura, W. D.

Kleiner, V.

Lai, W. J.

Leger, J. R.

Leuchs, G.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Lett. 179, 1 (2000).

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H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, Proc. SPIE 5644, 380 (2005).
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K. K. Li, Y. Lu, and Q. Wang, “Electro-optic ceramic material and device,” U.S. patent 6,890,874B1 (2005).

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X. S. Chen, K. W. Li, K. Zou, R. Zhang, H. Jiang, G. Ozen, and B. Di Bartolo, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 782, A5.57.1 (2004).

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[CrossRef]

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Moshe, I.

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A. J. Moulson and J. M. Herbert, in Electroceramics: Materials, Properties, Applications, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2003), p. 433.

Ozen, G.

X. S. Chen, K. W. Li, K. Zou, R. Zhang, H. Jiang, G. Ozen, and B. Di Bartolo, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 782, A5.57.1 (2004).

Phua, P. B.

Quabis, S.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Lett. 179, 1 (2000).

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H. Ren, Y. H. Lin, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. A 86, 329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Wang, Q.

K. K. Li, Y. Lu, and Q. Wang, “Electro-optic ceramic material and device,” U.S. patent 6,890,874B1 (2005).

Wang, Y.

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, Proc. SPIE 5644, 380 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, K.

Wu, S. T.

H. Ren, Y. H. Lin, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshiki, K.

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, R.

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, Proc. SPIE 5644, 380 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Chen, K. W. Li, K. Zou, R. Zhang, H. Jiang, G. Ozen, and B. Di Bartolo, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 782, A5.57.1 (2004).

Zou, K.

X. S. Chen, K. W. Li, K. Zou, R. Zhang, H. Jiang, G. Ozen, and B. Di Bartolo, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 782, A5.57.1 (2004).

Zou, Y. K.

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, Proc. SPIE 5644, 380 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. A

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. A 86, 329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Ren, Y. H. Lin, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.

X. S. Chen, K. W. Li, K. Zou, R. Zhang, H. Jiang, G. Ozen, and B. Di Bartolo, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 782, A5.57.1 (2004).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, Proc. SPIE 5644, 380 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. J. Moulson and J. M. Herbert, in Electroceramics: Materials, Properties, Applications, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2003), p. 433.

K. K. Li, Y. Lu, and Q. Wang, “Electro-optic ceramic material and device,” U.S. patent 6,890,874B1 (2005).

D. Goldstein, Polarized Light, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of (a) electro-optic radial polarization retarder and (b) experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Cylindrical vector beams generated using the EO-RPR when incident light is circularly polarized, and (b) polarization state changes (dotted arrows) at θ = ( 1 ) 0°, (2) 45°, (3) 90°, and (4) 135° of the light beam cross section for an incident right-hand circular polarization on the EO-RPR.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Far-field intensity distribution of radially polarized light generated using the proposed scheme (a) without and (b) with the polarizer. White arrows indicate the directions of the transmission axes of the rotated polarizer.

Equations (1)

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Δ θ = π n 0 3 L r E 2 λ .

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