Abstract

Blue (487.6nm), green (544.1nm), yellow (582.1nm), and red (623.6nm) upconversion (UC) luminescences are achieved in a Tb3+-doped lithium niobate crystal when an 800nm femtosecond laser is loosely focused onto the sample at room temperature. The relationship between UC luminescence intensity and the pump energy indicates that a two-photon excitation process is dominant in this UC luminescence phenomenon. The Tb3+ sensitive temperature dependence of the luminescence intensity is demonstrated via an obvious reduction of luminescence intensity with durative laser irradiation.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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D. Hreniak, W. Strek, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, G. Boulon, and Y. Guyot, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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H. P. You and M. Nogami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Wong, W.-M. Kwok, W.-T. Wong, D. L. Phillips, and K.-W. Cheah, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 43, 4659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Auzel, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 104, 139 (2004).

2003

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. B 77, 361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. C. Aspinall, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 102, 1807 (2002).

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, G. Dominiak-Dzik, M. N. Palatnikov, and N. V. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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A. Hordvik and H. Schlossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 197 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Aspinall, H. C.

H. C. Aspinall, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 102, 1807 (2002).

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 104, 139 (2004).

Bettinelli, M.

D. Hreniak, W. Strek, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, G. Boulon, and Y. Guyot, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161118 (2006).
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Birnbaum, M.

Boulon, G.

D. Hreniak, W. Strek, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, G. Boulon, and Y. Guyot, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Case, W.

J. Chivian, W. Case, and D. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Cheah, K.-W.

K.-L. Wong, W.-M. Kwok, W.-T. Wong, D. L. Phillips, and K.-W. Cheah, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 43, 4659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chivian, J.

J. Chivian, W. Case, and D. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Dominiak-Dzik, G.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, G. Dominiak-Dzik, M. N. Palatnikov, and N. V. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eden, D.

J. Chivian, W. Case, and D. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gamaly, E. G.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. B 77, 361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Golab, S.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, G. Dominiak-Dzik, M. N. Palatnikov, and N. V. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, Y.

D. Hreniak, W. Strek, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, G. Boulon, and Y. Guyot, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hordvik, A.

A. Hordvik and H. Schlossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 197 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hreniak, D.

D. Hreniak, W. Strek, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, G. Boulon, and Y. Guyot, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, N.

Jin, Q. H.

Juodkazis, S.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. B 77, 361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kazuya, K.

H. Kenjiro, K. Kazuya, K. Shigeru, and N. Tetsuo, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 13502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kenjiro, H.

H. Kenjiro, K. Kazuya, K. Shigeru, and N. Tetsuo, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 13502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, W.-M.

K.-L. Wong, W.-M. Kwok, W.-T. Wong, D. L. Phillips, and K.-W. Cheah, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 43, 4659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T. C.

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, W. L.

Markowicz, P. P.

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuo, S.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. B 77, 361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. B 77, 361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

H. P. You and M. Nogami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Palatnikov, M. N.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, G. Dominiak-Dzik, M. N. Palatnikov, and N. V. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, D. L.

K.-L. Wong, W.-M. Kwok, W.-T. Wong, D. L. Phillips, and K.-W. Cheah, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 43, 4659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, J.

S. Xu, W. Wang, S. Zhu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, B. Zhu, S. Zhou, S. Xu, and J. Qiu, Opt. Express 15, 6883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, J. R.

Rode, A. V.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. B 77, 361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, G. Dominiak-Dzik, M. N. Palatnikov, and N. V. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schlossberg, H.

A. Hordvik and H. Schlossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 197 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W. Q.

Shigeru, K.

H. Kenjiro, K. Kazuya, K. Shigeru, and N. Tetsuo, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 13502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sidorov, N. V.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, G. Dominiak-Dzik, M. N. Palatnikov, and N. V. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

D. Hreniak, W. Strek, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, G. Boulon, and Y. Guyot, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Strek, W.

D. Hreniak, W. Strek, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, G. Boulon, and Y. Guyot, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Su, W. H.

Tetsuo, N.

H. Kenjiro, K. Kazuya, K. Shigeru, and N. Tetsuo, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 13502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

S. Xu, W. Wang, S. Zhu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K.-L.

K.-L. Wong, W.-M. Kwok, W.-T. Wong, D. L. Phillips, and K.-W. Cheah, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 43, 4659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wong, W.-T.

K.-L. Wong, W.-M. Kwok, W.-T. Wong, D. L. Phillips, and K.-W. Cheah, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 43, 4659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, W. Z.

Xu, S.

S. Zhang, B. Zhu, S. Zhou, S. Xu, and J. Qiu, Opt. Express 15, 6883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Xu, W. Wang, S. Zhu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y. X.

Yang, Y. Q.

You, H. P.

H. P. You and M. Nogami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. P.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, S. M.

Zheng, Q. G.

Q. G. Zheng, Laser Advanced Manufacture (Huazhong U. Science and Technology Press, 2000) (in Chinese).

Zheng, Z. R.

Zhou, S.

Zhou, S. F.

Zhu, B.

Zhu, S.

S. Xu, W. Wang, S. Zhu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.

K.-L. Wong, W.-M. Kwok, W.-T. Wong, D. L. Phillips, and K.-W. Cheah, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 43, 4659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. B 77, 361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Hordvik and H. Schlossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 197 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Chivian, W. Case, and D. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124 (1979).
[CrossRef]

H. P. You and M. Nogami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Hreniak, W. Strek, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, G. Boulon, and Y. Guyot, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, G. Dominiak-Dzik, M. N. Palatnikov, and N. V. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

S. Xu, W. Wang, S. Zhu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.)

H. C. Aspinall, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 102, 1807 (2002).

F. Auzel, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 104, 139 (2004).

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

H. Kenjiro, K. Kazuya, K. Shigeru, and N. Tetsuo, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 13502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

Q. G. Zheng, Laser Advanced Manufacture (Huazhong U. Science and Technology Press, 2000) (in Chinese).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room temperature UC luminescence spectrum of Tb 3 + ( 2.0 mol % ) under 800 nm femtosecond laser excitation with a laser energy of 0.3 mJ pulse in an LiNbO 3 crystal. The inset shows the emission state of the crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Double logarithmic plot of the pump energy dependence of the UC luminescence intensity after excitation at 800 nm for Tb 3 + : LiNbO 3 . The numerals show the slope coefficients at low and high pump energies.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Semilogarithmic plot of the decay curve of Tb 3 + in an LiNbO 3 crystal after 800 nm femtosecond laser excitation with a gate width of 200 ns .

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