Abstract

A novel structure in which a short optical fiber stub containing a weakly tilted Bragg grating is spliced to another slightly offset fiber. The total power reflected from this structure is independent of temperature and occurs in two well-defined wavelength bands, only one of which reflects a different amount of power as the fiber stub bends or vibrates. The smart sensing structure presents an extremely high sensitivity for microbending, and its frequency response has been tested to higher than 2kHz so far in temperature-immune vibration measurements via cost-effective power detection.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Albert, J.

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Baek, S.

Bennion, I.

Caucheteur, C.

C. Caucheteur and P. Megret, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. F.

Chen, C.

Dacles-Mariani, J.

Erdogan, T.

Ferdinand, P.

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fu, M. Y.

M. Y. Fu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1392 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jafari, A.

Jeong, Y.

Laffont, G.

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laronche, A.

Lee, B.

Lee, K. S.

Mapps, D.

Megret, P.

C. Caucheteur and P. Megret, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Neal, R.

Rehman, S.

Rodrigue, G.

Schermer, R. T.

Sipe, J. E.

Thomson, D. J.

Webb, D. J.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a TFBG with a misaligned fusion for vibration measurement and before and after photographs of the fusion splice.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

TFBG spectra before and after misaligned junction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral response of ghost and Bragg resonances versus (a) bending and (b) temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Harmonic oscillating response of the sensor system following an impulse excitation.

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