Abstract

We show that optically induced photonic lattices in a nonconventionally biased photorefractive crystal can support the formation of discrete and gap solitons owing to a mechanism that differs from the conventional screening effect. Both the bias direction and the lattice orientation can dramatically influence the nonlinear beam-propagation dynamics. We demonstrate a transition from self-focusing to -defocusing and from discrete to gap solitons solely by adjusting the optical-beam orientation.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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