Abstract

Under 980nm excitation, upconversion (UC) emissions in the UV range of 270320nm were observed in nanocrystals Y0.795xGdxYb0.2Tm0.005F3 (x=0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, and 0.795), which were synthesized through a hydrothermal method. These UC emissions can be assigned to the transitions of IJ6, PJ6S728 (Gd3+), and P03I61H63 (Tm3+). The energy transfer from Tm3+ to Gd3+ plays a crucial role in populating the excited states of Gd3+. The shortest wavelength of upconverted emission converted from the infrared region was demonstrated here.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, P. F. Zhu, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, J. Fluorine Chem. 129, 204 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (5)

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, and P. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051920 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. B. Chen and Z. F. Song, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 965 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Y. Chen, G. Somesfalean, Z. G. Zhang, Q. Sun, and F. P. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 87 (2007).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Zhang, C. H. Yang, Z. H. Jiang, and X. H. Ji, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061914 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. P. Feofilov, Y. Zhou, J. Y. Jeong, D. A. Keszler, and R. S. Meltzer, J. Lumin. 122-123, 503 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

D. Dosev, I. M. Kennedy, M. Godlewski, I. Gryczynski, K. Tomsia, and E. M. Goldys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011906 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Heumann, S. Bär, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108 (2006)
[Crossref]

F. Xu, Z. Lv, Y. G. Zhang, G. Somesfalean, and Z. G. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231109 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, M. Bass, A. Cassanho, and H. Jenssen, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123527 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (4)

H. Guo, N. Dong, M. Yin, W. P. Zhang, L. R. Lou, and S. D. Xia, J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 19205 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, S. H. Huang, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, and S. Z. Lu, Opt. Commun. 242, 215 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Auzel, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 104, 139 (2004).

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, M. Bass, A. Cassanho, and H. Jenssen, Opt. Express 12, 5215 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

H. Kondo, T. Hirai, and S. Hashimoto, J. Lumin. 102-103, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. Kumar, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, Solid State Commun. 117, 387 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

X. Zhang, C. Serrano, E. Daran, F. Lahoz, G. Lacostc, and A. Muñoz-Yagüe, Phys. Rev. B 62, 4446 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Güdel, and M. P. Hehlen, Phys. Rev. B 61, 3337 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 82, 93 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, Science 283, 663 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1994 (2)

1990 (1)

J. Sytsma, G. F. Imbush, and G. Blasse, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 2, 5171 (1990).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

K. Takagi and T. Fukazaw, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 43 (1983).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

J. E. Geusic, F. W. Ostermayer, H. M. Marcos, J. P. Vander Ziel, and L. G. Van Uitert, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1958 (1971).
[Crossref]

1968 (2)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4412 (1968).
[Crossref]

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424 (1968).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

F. Auzel, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris. 262, 1016 (1966).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

F. Xu, Z. Lv, Y. G. Zhang, G. Somesfalean, and Z. G. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231109 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Heumann, S. Bär, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108 (2006)
[Crossref]

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, and P. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051920 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Takagi and T. Fukazaw, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 43 (1983).
[Crossref]

D. Dosev, I. M. Kennedy, M. Godlewski, I. Gryczynski, K. Tomsia, and E. M. Goldys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011906 (2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Zhang, C. H. Yang, Z. H. Jiang, and X. H. Ji, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061914 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris. (1)

F. Auzel, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris. 262, 1016 (1966).

Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) (1)

F. Auzel, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 104, 139 (2004).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, M. Bass, A. Cassanho, and H. Jenssen, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123527 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. E. Geusic, F. W. Ostermayer, H. M. Marcos, J. P. Vander Ziel, and L. G. Van Uitert, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1958 (1971).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4412 (1968).
[Crossref]

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Fluorine Chem. (1)

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, P. F. Zhu, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, J. Fluorine Chem. 129, 204 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (3)

H. Kondo, T. Hirai, and S. Hashimoto, J. Lumin. 102-103, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. P. Feofilov, Y. Zhou, J. Y. Jeong, D. A. Keszler, and R. S. Meltzer, J. Lumin. 122-123, 503 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 82, 93 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Guo, N. Dong, M. Yin, W. P. Zhang, L. R. Lou, and S. D. Xia, J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 19205 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

J. Sytsma, G. F. Imbush, and G. Blasse, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 2, 5171 (1990).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, S. H. Huang, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, and S. Z. Lu, Opt. Commun. 242, 215 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

X. Zhang, C. Serrano, E. Daran, F. Lahoz, G. Lacostc, and A. Muñoz-Yagüe, Phys. Rev. B 62, 4446 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Güdel, and M. P. Hehlen, Phys. Rev. B 61, 3337 (2000).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, Science 283, 663 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solid State Commun. (1)

A. Kumar, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, Solid State Commun. 117, 387 (2001).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

G. H. Dieke, Spectra and Energy Levels of Rare Earth Ions in Crystals (Interscience, 1968).

W. T. Carnall, G. L. Goodman, K. Rajnak, and R. S. Rana, Argonne National Laboratory Rep. ANL-88-8, (Argonne National Laboratory, 1988).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

XRD patterns of annealed sample Y 0.595 Gd 0.2 Yb 0.2 Tm 0.005 F 3 , and standard data of YF 3 , GdF 3 , and YbF 3 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Upconversion emission spectrum of the sample Y 0.595 Gd 0.2 Yb 0.2 Tm 0.005 F 3 . The inset is the pump-power dependence of the emissions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic energy level diagrams of Gd 3 + , Yb 3 + , Tm 3 + , and upconverted emission processes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Upconversion emission spectra of Y 0.595 Gd 0.2 Yb 0.2 Tm 0.005 F 3 and Y 0.795 Yb 0.2 Tm 0.005 F 3 recorded under the same conditions. The peaks marked by * and ▵ are emissions of Gd 3 + .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Upconversion emission spectra of annealed samples Y 0.795 x Gd x Yb 0.2 Tm 0.005 F 3 ( x = 0.1 , 0.2, 0.5, and 0.795).

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