Abstract

Carrier-envelope (CE) phase-stabilized sub-two-cycle pulses are generated from a 500MHz compact prismless octave-spanning laser without extracavity nonlinear optical processes distorting the laser output. The necessary f and 2f spectral components are generated intracavity and coupled out independently from the main pulse through specially designed cavity mirrors, resulting in a 55dB CE beat note (100kHz resolution bandwidth). The in-loop CE phase error (integrated from 2.5mHz to 10MHz) is 67mrad, equivalent to a timing jitter between carrier and envelope of 28 as at 790nm.

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2007 (1)

2006 (5)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

2001 (4)

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kärtner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 26, 373 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, T. R. Schibli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (2)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (9)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kärtner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Hommelhoff, C. Kealhofer, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247402 (2006).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. R. Birge, H. M. Crespo, M. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner to be presented at CLEO/QELS'08, paper CTuC3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) CE phase-stabilized sub-two-cycle laser. AOM, acousto-optic modulator; L, pump lens ( f = 40 mm ) ; M1–M4 and M5–M8, double-chirped mirrors; OC, broadband output coupler on fused-silica wedge; W, BaF 2 wedge; S, glass slide; PR, gold-coated off-axis parabolic reflector; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; F, filter; APD, avalanche photodiode; LO, local oscillator. (b) Reflectivity and (c) group-delay dispersion (GDD) of the new double-chirped mirror pairs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectra for two different configurations (solid curves): optimized for maximum CE beat signal (default configuration) and optimized for maximum spectral coverage; spectral phase retrieved from 2DSI (dashed curve) (see text). The Fourier-transform limit of the spectra is 4.1 and 3.8 fs , respectively. Inset, f 2 f output for the default configuration (the dashed vertical lines denote the f and 2 f components).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Raw 2DSI interferogram ( 5 THz shear, 0.7 nm spectral resolution, 64 delay points). (b) Retrieved pulse intensity and phase in the time domain. (c) Measured and retrieved interferometric autocorrelations of the generated sub-2-cycle pulses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Two-sided power spectral density of the CE phase fluctuations and integrated CE phase error calculated from Δ ϕ rms ( f ) = [ 2 10 MHz f S ϕ ( f ) d f ] 1 2 .

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