Abstract

We demonstrate that in a short Ar cell, generation of the fifth harmonic from 12fs pulses at 810nm directly results in ultrashort vacuum UV pulses at 162nm. They have a spectral width of 5nm and a duration of 11±1fs (1.4 times the transform limit), as measured by cross correlation with the fundamental pulses. Their energy (estimated to 4nJ) turned out to be sufficient for use as a pump in time-resolved experiments.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. A. Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, Opt. Lett. 32, 2432 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Goulielmakis and U. Graf, Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Strasse 1, D-85748, Garching, Germany (personal communications, 2007).
  4. M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Farmanara, O. Steinkellner, M. T. Wick, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 6264 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Tzankov, O. Steinkellner, J. Zheng, M. Mero, W. Freyer, A. Husakou, I. Babushkin, J. Herrmann, and F. Noack, Opt. Express 15, 6389 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. A. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, Appl. Phys. B 80, 399 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Appl. Phys. B 77, 177 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. A. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. G. Durfee, L. Misoguti, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 822 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, Opt. Lett. 32, 2481 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Ultrafast dynamics and coherent oscillations in ethylene and ethylene-d4 excited at 162 mn,” J. Phys. Chem. A (to be published).
  18. S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid are preparing a paper to be called “Few-femtosecond time constants in photodissociation of water and oxygen.”

2007

2006

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

S. A. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, Appl. Phys. B 80, 399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Appl. Phys. B 77, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee, L. Misoguti, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. A. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

P. Farmanara, O. Steinkellner, M. T. Wick, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 6264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Aközbek, N.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Appl. Phys. B 77, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Babushkin, I.

Backus, S.

Bartels, R. A.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. A. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Appl. Phys. B 77, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowden, C. M.

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Appl. Phys. B 77, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bradforth, S. E.

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Appl. Phys. B 77, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C. G.

Farmanara, P.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Farmanara, O. Steinkellner, M. T. Wick, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 6264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Freyer, W.

Fuji, T.

Fuß, W.

S. A. Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, Opt. Lett. 32, 2432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, Appl. Phys. B 80, 399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Ultrafast dynamics and coherent oscillations in ethylene and ethylene-d4 excited at 162 mn,” J. Phys. Chem. A (to be published).

S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid are preparing a paper to be called “Few-femtosecond time constants in photodissociation of water and oxygen.”

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis and U. Graf, Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Strasse 1, D-85748, Garching, Germany (personal communications, 2007).

Graf, U.

E. Goulielmakis and U. Graf, Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Strasse 1, D-85748, Garching, Germany (personal communications, 2007).

Herrmann, J.

Hertel, I. V.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Horio, T.

Husakou, A.

Iwasaki, A.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jailaubekov, A. E.

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Korn, G.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Farmanara, O. Steinkellner, M. T. Wick, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 6264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kosma, K.

S. A. Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, Opt. Lett. 32, 2432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, Appl. Phys. B 80, 399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Ultrafast dynamics and coherent oscillations in ethylene and ethylene-d4 excited at 162 mn,” J. Phys. Chem. A (to be published).

Krausz, F.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mero, M.

Misoguti, L.

C. G. Durfee, L. Misoguti, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. A. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

Nabekawa, Y.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Ohno, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Panja, S.

S. A. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, Appl. Phys. B 80, 399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Radloff, W.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Farmanara, O. Steinkellner, M. T. Wick, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 6264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scalora, M.

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Appl. Phys. B 77, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmid, W. E.

S. A. Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, Opt. Lett. 32, 2432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, Appl. Phys. B 80, 399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Ultrafast dynamics and coherent oscillations in ethylene and ethylene-d4 excited at 162 mn,” J. Phys. Chem. A (to be published).

S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid are preparing a paper to be called “Few-femtosecond time constants in photodissociation of water and oxygen.”

Sekikawa, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Steinkellner, O.

P. Tzankov, O. Steinkellner, J. Zheng, M. Mero, W. Freyer, A. Husakou, I. Babushkin, J. Herrmann, and F. Noack, Opt. Express 15, 6389 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Farmanara, O. Steinkellner, M. T. Wick, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 6264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stert, V.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Farmanara, O. Steinkellner, M. T. Wick, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 6264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trushin, S. A.

S. A. Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, Opt. Lett. 32, 2432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, Appl. Phys. B 80, 399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Ultrafast dynamics and coherent oscillations in ethylene and ethylene-d4 excited at 162 mn,” J. Phys. Chem. A (to be published).

S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid are preparing a paper to be called “Few-femtosecond time constants in photodissociation of water and oxygen.”

Tzankov, P.

Watanabe, S.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wick, M. T.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Farmanara, O. Steinkellner, M. T. Wick, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 6264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, M.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Farmanara, O. Steinkellner, M. T. Wick, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 6264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J.

Appl. Phys. B

S. A. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, Appl. Phys. B 80, 399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Appl. Phys. B 77, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

P. Farmanara, O. Steinkellner, M. T. Wick, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 6264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. A. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. Goulielmakis and U. Graf, Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Strasse 1, D-85748, Garching, Germany (personal communications, 2007).

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Ultrafast dynamics and coherent oscillations in ethylene and ethylene-d4 excited at 162 mn,” J. Phys. Chem. A (to be published).

S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid are preparing a paper to be called “Few-femtosecond time constants in photodissociation of water and oxygen.”

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a, Setup for the generation of the 12 fs pulses at 810 nm . The Ar cell is equipped with two 0.25 mm quartz glass windows. b, Setup for the fifth-harmonic generation. The entrance window ( Ca F 2 ) is 0.5 mm thick. The probe pulses used for cross correlation in the time-of-flight mass spectrometer (MS) merge with the UV beam at a mirror with a hole. CMC, chirped-mirror compressor; PMT, photomultiplier tube. A is the first of four apertures for differential pumping. B is an evacuated box with mirrors for collimation, focusing, and merging the beams. M, Al mirror for guiding the fifth harmonic in the spectrometer (replaced by dielectric mirrors for the time-resolved measurements).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fifth- and third-harmonic spectra recorded with 20 mbar of Ar in the short cell.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse energies at the fifth (solid circles) and third (open circles) harmonic versus the Ar pressure p Ar in the cell. The gas flow is small enough that p Ar reflects the real pressure.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cross correlation of the fifth-harmonic and IR pulses, resulting from ionization of Xe by 1 VUV + 3 IR photons. The smooth curve is a fit using Gaussians for the VUV and IR pulses.

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