Abstract

A new approach for the simultaneous coherent and spectral addition of a two-dimensional array of fiber lasers is presented. A combining efficiency of over 80% and a combined beam profile with M2=1.15 were experimentally obtained with an array of four fiber lasers. This approach can lead to significant upscaling in fiber laser additions.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 567 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. J. Augst, A. K. Goyal, R. L. Aggarwal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 28, 331 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  4. T. H. Loftus, A. Liu, P. R. Hoffman, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, R. Royse, and E. Honea, Opt. Lett. 32, 349 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, Electron. Lett. 38, 692 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2008 (1)

V. Eckhouse, M. Fridman, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 024102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

T. H. Loftus, A. Liu, P. R. Hoffman, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, R. Royse, and E. Honea, Opt. Lett. 32, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Shimshi, A. A. Ishaayaa, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Commun. 275, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Fridman, V. Eckhouse, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Lett. 1, 790 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 567 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K.-I. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 12, 445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ishaaya, V. Eckhouse, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Express 13, 2722 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, in SPIE Photonics West (SPIE, 2004), pp. 5336-1.

A. A. Ishaaya, N. Davidson, L. Shimshi, and A. A. Friesem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

2002 (2)

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, Electron. Lett. 38, 692 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, T. Saitou, T. Sekiguchi, and K.-I. Ueda, Opt. Express 10, 1167 (2002).
[PubMed]

1993 (1)

Aggarwal, R. L.

Augst, S. J.

Barthelemy, A.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Express 11, 87 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, Electron. Lett. 38, 692 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barthlmy, A.

Bisson, J. F.

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K.-I. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 12, 445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

Culver, W.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

Davidson, N.

V. Eckhouse, M. Fridman, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 024102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Shimshi, A. A. Ishaayaa, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Commun. 275, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Fridman, V. Eckhouse, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Lett. 1, 790 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ishaaya, V. Eckhouse, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Express 13, 2722 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ishaaya, N. Davidson, L. Shimshi, and A. A. Friesem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Desfarges-Berthelemot, A.

Eckhouse, V.

V. Eckhouse, M. Fridman, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 024102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fridman, V. Eckhouse, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Lett. 1, 790 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ishaaya, V. Eckhouse, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Express 13, 2722 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Even, P.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermne, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthlmy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, Opt. Express 11, 87 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, Electron. Lett. 38, 692 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fabiny, L.

Fan, T. Y.

Fridman, M.

V. Eckhouse, M. Fridman, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 024102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fridman, V. Eckhouse, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Lett. 1, 790 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Friesem, A. A.

V. Eckhouse, M. Fridman, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 024102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Shimshi, A. A. Ishaayaa, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Commun. 275, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Fridman, V. Eckhouse, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Lett. 1, 790 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ishaaya, V. Eckhouse, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Express 13, 2722 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ishaaya, N. Davidson, L. Shimshi, and A. A. Friesem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gitkind, N.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, in SPIE Photonics West (SPIE, 2004), pp. 5336-1.

Goyal, A. K.

Hamilton, C.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, in SPIE Photonics West (SPIE, 2004), pp. 5336-1.

Hoffman, P. R.

Honea, E.

T. H. Loftus, A. Liu, P. R. Hoffman, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, R. Royse, and E. Honea, Opt. Lett. 32, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

Ishaaya, A. A.

A. A. Ishaaya, V. Eckhouse, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Express 13, 2722 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ishaaya, N. Davidson, L. Shimshi, and A. A. Friesem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ishaayaa, A. A.

L. Shimshi, A. A. Ishaayaa, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Commun. 275, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jones, P.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

Kermene, V.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Express 11, 87 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, Electron. Lett. 38, 692 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kermne, V.

Kouznetsov, D.

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K.-I. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 12, 445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lefort, L.

Li, L.

Liu, A.

Loftus, T. H.

T. H. Loftus, A. Liu, P. R. Hoffman, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, R. Royse, and E. Honea, Opt. Lett. 32, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

Lowenthal, D.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, in SPIE Photonics West (SPIE, 2004), pp. 5336-1.

Meekhof, D.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, in SPIE Photonics West (SPIE, 2004), pp. 5336-1.

Minelly, J.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

Moloney, J. V.

Norsen, M.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

T. H. Loftus, A. Liu, P. R. Hoffman, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, R. Royse, and E. Honea, Opt. Lett. 32, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peyghambarian, N.

Pureur, D.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermne, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthlmy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, Opt. Express 11, 87 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, Electron. Lett. 38, 692 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Royse, R.

Sabourdy, D.

Saitou, T.

Sanchez, A.

Schlzgen, A.

Seamans, J.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, in SPIE Photonics West (SPIE, 2004), pp. 5336-1.

Sekiguchi, T.

Shakir, S. A.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

Shimshi, L.

L. Shimshi, A. A. Ishaayaa, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Commun. 275, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ishaaya, V. Eckhouse, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Express 13, 2722 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ishaaya, N. Davidson, L. Shimshi, and A. A. Friesem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K.-I. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 12, 445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, T. Saitou, T. Sekiguchi, and K.-I. Ueda, Opt. Express 10, 1167 (2002).
[PubMed]

Silber, M.

Starcher, Y.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

Temyanko, V. L.

Thomas, A. M.

T. H. Loftus, A. Liu, P. R. Hoffman, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, R. Royse, and E. Honea, Opt. Lett. 32, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

Tidwell, S.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, in SPIE Photonics West (SPIE, 2004), pp. 5336-1.

Ueda, K.-I.

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K.-I. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 12, 445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, T. Saitou, T. Sekiguchi, and K.-I. Ueda, Opt. Express 10, 1167 (2002).
[PubMed]

Wiesenfeld, K.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Ishaaya, N. Davidson, L. Shimshi, and A. A. Friesem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, Electron. Lett. 38, 692 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 567 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Shimshi, A. A. Ishaayaa, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Opt. Commun. 275, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Rev. (1)

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K.-I. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 12, 445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

V. Eckhouse, M. Fridman, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 024102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, J. Minelly, P. Jones, E. Honea, S. A. Shakir, W. Culver, and Y. Starcher, in Proceedings of the Solid State Diode Laser Technology Review (2007).

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, in SPIE Photonics West (SPIE, 2004), pp. 5336-1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Basic configurations for adding four fiber lasers. In the horizontal direction, coherent addition is performed by means of an interferometric combiner; in the vertical direction, spectral addition is performed by means of a linear diffraction grating. The insets show the four beams emerging from the fibers, the two beams after the interferometric combiner, and the single combined output beam after the grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of the fiber lasers and the combined output, using a blazed diffraction grating of 1200   lines mm for spectral addition. (a) Spectrum when only the upper pair of lasers is coherently added. (b) Spectrum when only the lower pair of lasers is coherently added. (c) Spectrum of the spectrally combined output.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of the fiber lasers and the combined output, using a blazed diffraction grating of 600   lines mm for spectral addition. (a) Spectrum when only the upper pair of lasers are coherently added. (b) Spectrum when only the lower pair of lasers are coherently added. (c) Spectrum of the combined output. Inset shows the interference pattern at the output of the laser for (c), which indicates phase locking.

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