Abstract

Diamond nanocrystals containing highly photoluminescent color centers are attractive, nonclassical, and near-field light sources. For near-field applications, the size of the nanocrystal is crucial, since it defines the optical resolution. Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers are efficiently created by proton irradiation and annealing of a nanodiamond powder. Using near-field microscopy and photon statistics measurements, we show that nanodiamonds with sizes down to 25nm can hold a single NV color center with bright and stable photoluminescence.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, Nano Lett. 7, 28 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sekatskii, G. Dietler, F. Bonfigli, S. Loreti, T. Marolo, and R. Montereali, J. Lumin. 122-123, 362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-C. Fu, H.-Y. Lee, K. Chen, T.-S. Lim, H.-Y. Wu, P.-K. Lin, P.-K. Wei, P.-H. Tsao, H.-C. Chang, and W. Fann, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 727 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Rabeau, A. Stacey, A. Rabeau, F. Jelezko, I. Mirza, J. Wrachtrup, and S. Prawer, Nano Lett. 7, 3433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

N. Chevalier, M. J. Nasse, J. C. Woehl, P. Reiss, J. Bleuse, F. Chandezon, and S. Huant, Nanotechnology 16, 613 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Håkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 200801 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

Y. Dumeige, F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, T. Gacoin, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, J. Lumin. 109, 61 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

L. Aigouy, Y. De Wilde, and M. Mortier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 147 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Shubeita, S. K. Sekatskii, G. Dietler, I. Potapova, A. Mews, and T. Basché, J. Microsc. 210, 274 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).

2001

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Zarda, S. Mayer, and H. Weinfurter, Mod. Opt. 48, 2039 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. A 64, 061802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Kühn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J.-P. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

J. Michaelis, C. Hettich, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, Nature 405, 325 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 25, 1294 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. Gruber, A. Dräbenstedt, C. Tietz, L. Fleury, J. Wrachtrup, and C. von Borczyskowski, Science 276, 2012 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1977

G. Davies, Nature 269, 498 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. Aigouy, Y. De Wilde, and M. Mortier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 147 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D

A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).

J. Lumin.

Y. Dumeige, F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, T. Gacoin, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, J. Lumin. 109, 61 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Sekatskii, G. Dietler, F. Bonfigli, S. Loreti, T. Marolo, and R. Montereali, J. Lumin. 122-123, 362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc.

S. Kühn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J.-P. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Shubeita, S. K. Sekatskii, G. Dietler, I. Potapova, A. Mews, and T. Basché, J. Microsc. 210, 274 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mod. Opt.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Zarda, S. Mayer, and H. Weinfurter, Mod. Opt. 48, 2039 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, Nano Lett. 7, 28 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Rabeau, A. Stacey, A. Rabeau, F. Jelezko, I. Mirza, J. Wrachtrup, and S. Prawer, Nano Lett. 7, 3433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology

N. Chevalier, M. J. Nasse, J. C. Woehl, P. Reiss, J. Bleuse, F. Chandezon, and S. Huant, Nanotechnology 16, 613 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature

J. Michaelis, C. Hettich, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, Nature 405, 325 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Davies, Nature 269, 498 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. A 64, 061802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Håkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 200801 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA

C.-C. Fu, H.-Y. Lee, K. Chen, T.-S. Lim, H.-Y. Wu, P.-K. Lin, P.-K. Wei, P.-H. Tsao, H.-C. Chang, and W. Fann, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 727 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

A. Gruber, A. Dräbenstedt, C. Tietz, L. Fleury, J. Wrachtrup, and C. von Borczyskowski, Science 276, 2012 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

The nonzero g(2)(0) value is attributed to background emission from the nanocrystal itself, which cannot be separately measured from the color-center luminescence.

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 2006).

V. Jacques, J. Murray, F. Marquier, D. Chauvat, F. Grosshans, F. Treussart, and J.-F. Roch, arXiv:0707.3200v1 [quant-ph].

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

NSOM detection of a single NV color center in a nanodiamond. (a) Luminescence image recorded with an excitation optical power of 100 μ W at the tip apex. Integration time, 140 ms per pixel; scan speed, 0.5 μ m s 1 . (b) Corresponding topography. The image has been numerically flattened. (c) [respectively (d)] Line cut along the dashed line of image (a) [respectively (b)].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photon antibunching giving evidence for emission of a single NV center. Right scale, normalized correlation function g ( 2 ) ( t ) for the NV color center circled in Fig. 1a. Raw coincidence numbers are indicated in the left axis. The g ( 2 ) ( t ) function is evaluated by accounting for the background contribution in the normalization of C ( t ) .

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