Abstract

A linear technique of phase measurement based on spectral interferometry is employed to visualize the fine details in the spectral phase of a soliton produced in a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a resolution better than 0.1nm. Gigahertz features have been resolved in the spectral phase of the soliton PCF output, allowing the accuracy of time-domain soliton envelope reconstruction to be improved on the timescale of a few femtoseconds.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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2004 (1)

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. V. Alfimov, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, V. S. Shevandin, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, and A. M. Zheltikov, Appl. Phys. B 79, 289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

1995 (1)

1982 (1)

M. Takeda, H. Ina, and S. Kobayashi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 72, 156 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. V. Alfimov, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, V. S. Shevandin, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, and A. M. Zheltikov, Appl. Phys. B 79, 289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

L. Lepetit, G. Cheriaux, and M. Joffre, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2467 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Takeda, H. Ina, and S. Kobayashi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 72, 156 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

P. St. J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of the experimental setup. Yb DPSSL, ytterbium diode-pumped solid-state laser; λ 2 , half-wave plates; MO, micro-objectives; BS, beam splitter; PCF, photonic-crystal fiber. The insets show (1) a typical interferogram recorded with a 50 fs Yb DPSSL output and (2) the wavelength dependence of the group-velocity dispersion (GVD) of the PCF reconstructed from SI measurements (solid line) and calculated using the localized function technique (dashed line).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal envelope with the chirp (a) and the spectrum with the spectral phase (b) for a laser pulse transmitted through a 30 cm PCF. The input pulse width is about 50 fs . The input peak power is 4 kW (dashed curve), 50 kW (dotted curve), and 75 kW (solid curve). The insets show (1) the temporal envelope and the chirp and (2) the spectrum and the spectral phase of the input pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum and the nonlinear spectral phase φ nl = φ φ PCF of the PCF output extracted from SI measurements (solid curves) and simulated by solving the GNSE (dashed curves). The inset shows the temporal envelope and the chirp of the PCF output defined through the Fourier transform of the SI data (solid curve) and simulated by numerically solving the GNSE equation (dashed curve). The fiber length is 30 cm , and the laser pulse energy is 70 pJ .

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