Abstract

We present an original technique for coherent beam combining of an array of fiber amplifiers based on self-adaptive digital holography. In this method, the phase errors between the fibers of the array are compensated by using the diffracted phase-conjugated 1 order of a digital hologram. The proposed method is compatible with a large number of fibers and simply implemented with a CCD detector matrix and a spatial light modulator. This concept is analyzed and experimentally demonstrated with three polarization-maintaining passive fibers at 1.06μm.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, in 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO/Europe) (IEEE, 2005), p. 508.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. S. J. August, A. K. Goyal, R. L. Aggarwal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 28, 331 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Demoustier, A. Brignon, E. Lallier, J.-P. Huignard, and J. Primot, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThAA5.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  12. E. A. Stappaerts, “Holographic system for interactive target acquisition and tracking,” U.S. patent 5,378,888 (3 January 1995).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. S. J. August, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 29, 474 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

T. M. Shaya, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, Opt. Express 14, 12015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, Opt. Rev. 13, 119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

E. J. Bochove, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1986 (1)

A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312 (1986) A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin[Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191 (1986)].

Abramov, M.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, in 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO/Europe) (IEEE, 2005), p. 508.
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, R. L.

Atlan, M.

Augst, S. J.

August, S. J.

Baker, J. T.

Bartelemy, A.

Beak, D. H.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, Opt. Rev. 13, 119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bellanger, C.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Benham, V.

Bochove, E. J.

E. J. Bochove, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brignon, A.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Demoustier, A. Brignon, E. Lallier, J.-P. Huignard, and J. Primot, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThAA5.

Cuche, E.

Culpepper, M. A.

Demoustier, S.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Demoustier, A. Brignon, E. Lallier, J.-P. Huignard, and J. Primot, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThAA5.

Depeursinge, C.

Desfarges-Berthelemot, A.

Fan, T. Y.

Ferin, S.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, in 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO/Europe) (IEEE, 2005), p. 508.
[CrossRef]

Fomin, V.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, in 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO/Europe) (IEEE, 2005), p. 508.
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, D.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, in 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO/Europe) (IEEE, 2005), p. 508.
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, in 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO/Europe) (IEEE, 2005), p. 508.
[CrossRef]

Goyal, A. K.

Gross, M.

Higgs, C.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.-P.

S. Demoustier, A. Brignon, E. Lallier, J.-P. Huignard, and J. Primot, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThAA5.

Jueptner, W.

U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer, 2005).

Kansky, J. E.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kermene, V.

Kong, H. J.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, Opt. Rev. 13, 119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lallier, E.

S. Demoustier, A. Brignon, E. Lallier, J.-P. Huignard, and J. Primot, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThAA5.

Lee, S. K.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, Opt. Rev. 13, 119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lhermite, J.

Lu, C. A.

Mak, A. A.

A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312 (1986) A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin[Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191 (1986)].

Marquet, P.

Mashkin, A.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, in 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO/Europe) (IEEE, 2005), p. 508.
[CrossRef]

Mit'kin, V. M.

A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312 (1986) A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin[Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191 (1986)].

Murphy, D. V.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, D. J.

Pilkington, D.

Platonov, N.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, in 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO/Europe) (IEEE, 2005), p. 508.
[CrossRef]

Primot, J.

S. Demoustier, A. Brignon, E. Lallier, J.-P. Huignard, and J. Primot, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThAA5.

Ranka, J. K.

Sanchez, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

Schnars, U.

U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer, 2005).

Serebryakov, V. A.

A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312 (1986) A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin[Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191 (1986)].

Shaw, S. E. J.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shaya, T. M.

Shkurikhin, O.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, in 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO/Europe) (IEEE, 2005), p. 508.
[CrossRef]

Spring, J.

Stappaerts, E. A.

E. A. Stappaerts, “Holographic system for interactive target acquisition and tracking,” U.S. patent 5,378,888 (3 January 1995).

Vasil'ev, A. F.

A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312 (1986) A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin[Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191 (1986)].

Ward, B.

Yashin, V. E.

A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312 (1986) A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin[Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191 (1986)].

Yoon, J. W.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, Opt. Rev. 13, 119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. X.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. J. Bochove, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Rev. (1)

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, Opt. Rev. 13, 119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (1)

A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312 (1986) A. F. Vasil'ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit'kin, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. E. Yashin[Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191 (1986)].

Other (4)

E. A. Stappaerts, “Holographic system for interactive target acquisition and tracking,” U.S. patent 5,378,888 (3 January 1995).

U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer, 2005).

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, in 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO/Europe) (IEEE, 2005), p. 508.
[CrossRef]

S. Demoustier, A. Brignon, E. Lallier, J.-P. Huignard, and J. Primot, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThAA5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of beam combining by digital holography. BS, low reflectivity beam splitter; LA, lens array; SLM, spatial light modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of beam combining by digital holography. MO, master oscillator; BS, Beam splitter; M, mirror; CCD, charge-coupled device; SLM, spatial light modulator; PM, polarization maintaining; IP, interference pattern recorded on the CCD and displayed by the SLM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Recorded hologram with three passive fibers. Far-field intensity patterns of the (b) three phase-locked beams and the (c) three unlocked beams obtained after 15 s time integration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity versus time of the central part of the far-field pattern when the three fibers are (a) phase locked and (b) unlocked.

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