Abstract

The rotovibrational dynamics excited by optical filamentation in molecular gases is studied in the temporal domain. Two time-delayed replicas of the same laser pulse have been used to generate a first filament, for the rotovibrational excitation of the sample, and a second collinear filament probing the Raman dynamics. The Fermi doublet structure in CO2 as well as the very fast stretching mode of H2 were clearly resolved.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. G. Arakcheev, V. V. Kireev, V. B. Morozov, A. N. Olenin, V. G. Tunkin, A. A. Valeev and D. V. Yakovlev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1038 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. R. A. Bartels, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Chem. Phys. Lett. 374, 326 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2008

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Lett. 32, 2052 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Arakcheev, V. V. Kireev, V. B. Morozov, A. N. Olenin, V. G. Tunkin, A. A. Valeev and D. V. Yakovlev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 31, 274 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysirowicz, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Chem. Phys. Lett. 374, 326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

1931

E. Fermi, Z. Phys. 71, 250 (1931).
[CrossRef]

André, Y. B.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arakcheev, V. G.

V. G. Arakcheev, V. V. Kireev, V. B. Morozov, A. N. Olenin, V. G. Tunkin, A. A. Valeev and D. V. Yakovlev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

R. A. Bartels, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Chem. Phys. Lett. 374, 326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R. A.

R. A. Bartels, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Chem. Phys. Lett. 374, 326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysirowicz, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bourayou, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braun, A.

Calegari, F.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysirowicz, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D'Amico, C.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, D.

Fermi, E.

E. Fermi, Z. Phys. 71, 250 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frey, S.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gasilov, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hauri, C. P.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysirowicz, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F. W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysirowicz, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Houard, A.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. A. Bartels, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Chem. Phys. Lett. 374, 326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysirowicz, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kireev, V. V.

V. G. Arakcheev, V. V. Kireev, V. B. Morozov, A. N. Olenin, V. G. Tunkin, A. A. Valeev and D. V. Yakovlev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Kornelis, W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysirowicz, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leone, S. R.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Méjean, G.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morozov, V. B.

V. G. Arakcheev, V. V. Kireev, V. B. Morozov, A. N. Olenin, V. G. Tunkin, A. A. Valeev and D. V. Yakovlev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M. M.

R. A. Bartels, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Chem. Phys. Lett. 374, 326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysirowicz, A.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysirowicz, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olenin, A. N.

V. G. Arakcheev, V. V. Kireev, V. B. Morozov, A. N. Olenin, V. G. Tunkin, A. A. Valeev and D. V. Yakovlev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, M.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salmon, E.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Squier, J.

Stagira, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

Stibenz, G.

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tunkin, V. G.

V. G. Arakcheev, V. V. Kireev, V. B. Morozov, A. N. Olenin, V. G. Tunkin, A. A. Valeev and D. V. Yakovlev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Valeev, A. A.

V. G. Arakcheev, V. V. Kireev, V. B. Morozov, A. N. Olenin, V. G. Tunkin, A. A. Valeev and D. V. Yakovlev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinacht, T. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, J. P.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wöste, L.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, D. V.

V. G. Arakcheev, V. V. Kireev, V. B. Morozov, A. N. Olenin, V. G. Tunkin, A. A. Valeev and D. V. Yakovlev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhavoronkov, N.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Chem. Phys. Lett.

R. A. Bartels, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Chem. Phys. Lett. 374, 326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysirowicz, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc.

V. G. Arakcheev, V. V. Kireev, V. B. Morozov, A. N. Olenin, V. G. Tunkin, A. A. Valeev and D. V. Yakovlev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Phys.

E. Fermi, Z. Phys. 71, 250 (1931).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Portion of the collected spectral sequence as a function of the pump–probe delay in C O 2 . (b) Fourier transform of the spectral sequence corresponding to a total delay scan of 8 ps starting at 1.8 ps from the zero delay. The inset shows in detail the complex structure of the Fermi doublet.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Portion of the collected spectral sequence as a function of the pump–probe delay in H 2 : (a) slow modulation due to the rotational excitation and (b) fast modulation due to the vibrational excitation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fourier analysis of the measurement performed in H 2 , corresponding to a total delay scan of 2 ps starting at 6.3 ps from the zero delay. The inset shows the temporal profile of the pump pulse retrieved with a SHG-FROG.

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