Abstract

Highly improved diffraction properties are demonstrated in a two-dimensional [2D] grating consisting of a transmission grating optically recorded in a semiconductor one-dimensional photonic crystal (1D-PC). Near unity internal diffraction efficiency, high wavelength selectivity, and Bragg diffraction regime operation are demonstrated when the read beam is set at Bragg incidence on the transmission grating while its wavelength corresponds to the band edge of the 3μm thick 1D-PC. When the 2D grating is grown on a Bragg mirror, a single diffracted beam is obtained, which makes the device promising for optical signal processing.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  2. T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (1)

2006 (2)

Q. He, I. Zaquine, A. Maruani, and R. Frey, Opt. Lett. 31, 1184 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Frey, Ph. Delaye, and G. Roosen, in Nanophotonics, H.Rigneault, J.M.Lourtioz, C.Delalande, and A.Levenson, eds. (ISTE, 2006), p. 187.

2005 (4)

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

J. Zhao, X. Shen, and Y. Xia, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Dekker, 1997).

1995 (2)

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Pankoke, A. Cassinelli, P. Sillard, C. Dorrer, P. Leisching, and R. Frey, Ann. Phys. 20, 593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

André, R.

L. Razzari, D. Träger, M. Astic, P. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, and R. André, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 231106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Astic, Ph. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, R. André,N. Belabas, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj (submitted to J. Phys. D).

Astic, M.

L. Razzari, D. Träger, M. Astic, P. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, and R. André, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 231106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Delaye, M. Astic, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2494 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Astic, Ph. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, R. André,N. Belabas, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj (submitted to J. Phys. D).

Belabas, N.

M. Astic, Ph. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, R. André,N. Belabas, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj (submitted to J. Phys. D).

Bitauld, D.

Brost, G. A.

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brubaker, R. M.

Bunning, T. J.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cassinelli, A.

R. Pankoke, A. Cassinelli, P. Sillard, C. Dorrer, P. Leisching, and R. Frey, Ann. Phys. 20, 593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Delaye, P.

L. Razzari, D. Träger, M. Astic, P. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, and R. André, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 231106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Delaye, Ph.

R. Frey, Ph. Delaye, and G. Roosen, in Nanophotonics, H.Rigneault, J.M.Lourtioz, C.Delalande, and A.Levenson, eds. (ISTE, 2006), p. 187.

Ph. Delaye, M. Astic, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2494 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Astic, Ph. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, R. André,N. Belabas, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj (submitted to J. Phys. D).

Dorrer, C.

R. Pankoke, A. Cassinelli, P. Sillard, C. Dorrer, P. Leisching, and R. Frey, Ann. Phys. 20, 593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Frey, R.

He, Q.

Kwolek, K. M.

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Leisching, P.

R. Pankoke, A. Cassinelli, P. Sillard, C. Dorrer, P. Leisching, and R. Frey, Ann. Phys. 20, 593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Loewen, E. G.

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Dekker, 1997).

Maruani, A.

Melloch, M. R.

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1626 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Menez, L.

Moreau, A.

Natarajan, L. V.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, D. D.

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1626 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pankoke, R.

R. Pankoke, A. Cassinelli, P. Sillard, C. Dorrer, P. Leisching, and R. Frey, Ann. Phys. 20, 593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Popov, E.

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Dekker, 1997).

Raj, R.

M. Astic, Ph. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, R. André,N. Belabas, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj (submitted to J. Phys. D).

Razzari, L.

L. Razzari, D. Träger, M. Astic, P. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, and R. André, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 231106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roosen, G.

R. Frey, Ph. Delaye, and G. Roosen, in Nanophotonics, H.Rigneault, J.M.Lourtioz, C.Delalande, and A.Levenson, eds. (ISTE, 2006), p. 187.

L. Razzari, D. Träger, M. Astic, P. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, and R. André, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 231106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Delaye, M. Astic, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2494 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Astic, Ph. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, R. André,N. Belabas, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj (submitted to J. Phys. D).

Sagnes, I.

M. Astic, Ph. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, R. André,N. Belabas, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj (submitted to J. Phys. D).

Shen, X.

J. Zhao, X. Shen, and Y. Xia, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sillard, P.

R. Pankoke, A. Cassinelli, P. Sillard, C. Dorrer, P. Leisching, and R. Frey, Ann. Phys. 20, 593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R. L.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tondiglia, V. P.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Träger, D.

L. Razzari, D. Träger, M. Astic, P. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, and R. André, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 231106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Xia, Y.

J. Zhao, X. Shen, and Y. Xia, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zaquine, I.

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, X. Shen, and Y. Xia, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (1)

R. Pankoke, A. Cassinelli, P. Sillard, C. Dorrer, P. Leisching, and R. Frey, Ann. Phys. 20, 593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. (1)

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Razzari, D. Träger, M. Astic, P. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, and R. André, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 231106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

J. Zhao, X. Shen, and Y. Xia, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (3)

R. Frey, Ph. Delaye, and G. Roosen, in Nanophotonics, H.Rigneault, J.M.Lourtioz, C.Delalande, and A.Levenson, eds. (ISTE, 2006), p. 187.

M. Astic, Ph. Delaye, R. Frey, G. Roosen, R. André,N. Belabas, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj (submitted to J. Phys. D).

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Dekker, 1997).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. Detector D 1 was used to monitor the pump energy. Detectors D 3 and D 4 , D 3 and D 5 , and D 3 and D 2 allowed the measurement of the signal reflectivity, 1 order diffraction efficiency, and + 1 order diffraction efficiency, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Reflectivity and (b) diffraction efficiency spectra.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency versus write fluence.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diffraction efficiency versus write-read delay.

Equations (2)

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ρ net = T CP 2 exp ( 2 α F P 2 ) sin 2 ( Δ Φ F P 2 ) ,
ρ net ( δ t ) = T CP 2 π Δ t + sin 2 [ Φ ( t ) ] exp [ 2 α ( t ) ] exp [ ( t δ t Δ t ) 2 ] d t ,

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