Abstract

We report on cooperative downconversion in Yb3+RE3+ (RE=Tm or Pr) codoped lanthanum borogermanate glasses (LBG), which are capable of splitting a visible photon absorbed by Tm3+ or Pr3+ ions into two near-infrared photons. The results indicate that Pr3+Yb3+ is a more efficient ion couple than Tm3+Yb3+ in terms of cooperative downconversion. We have obtained a highest quantum yield of 165% and 138% for Pr3+Yb3+ and Tm3+Yb3+ codoped LBG glasses under 468nm excitation, respectively. However, ultraviolet light excitation to the charge transfer band of Yb3+ does not result in quantum splitting as rapid relaxation from the charge transfer band to 4f13 levels of Yb3+ dominates.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. Chen, J. Luo, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Q. Y. Zhang, Y. X. Pan, and Z. H. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. Den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. Feldmann, T. Justel, C. R. Ronda, and D. U. Wiechert, J. Lumin. 92, 245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, Science 283, 663 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

V. N. Sigaev, S. Yu. Stefanovich, P. D. Sarkisov, and E. V. Lopatina, Glass Phys. Chem. 20, 392 (1994).

1970 (1)

C. K. Jørgensen, Prog. Inorg. Chem. 12, 101 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. Chen, J. Luo, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Den Hertog, M. I.

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. Den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Donker, H.

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, Science 283, 663 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feldmann, C.

C. Feldmann, T. Justel, C. R. Ronda, and D. U. Wiechert, J. Lumin. 92, 245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gong, X.

Green, M. A.

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Jiang, Z. H.

Q. Y. Zhang, Y. X. Pan, and Z. H. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jørgensen, C. K.

C. K. Jørgensen, Prog. Inorg. Chem. 12, 101 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Justel, T.

C. Feldmann, T. Justel, C. R. Ronda, and D. U. Wiechert, J. Lumin. 92, 245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kox, M. H. F.

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. Den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liao, J.

Lin, Y.

Lopatina, E. V.

V. N. Sigaev, S. Yu. Stefanovich, P. D. Sarkisov, and E. V. Lopatina, Glass Phys. Chem. 20, 392 (1994).

Luo, J.

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. Chen, J. Luo, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

Ma, E.

Meijerink, A.

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. Den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, Science 283, 663 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oskam, K. D.

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, Science 283, 663 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, Y. X.

Q. Y. Zhang, Y. X. Pan, and Z. H. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. Chen, J. Luo, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ronda, C. R.

C. Feldmann, T. Justel, C. R. Ronda, and D. U. Wiechert, J. Lumin. 92, 245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisov, P. D.

V. N. Sigaev, S. Yu. Stefanovich, P. D. Sarkisov, and E. V. Lopatina, Glass Phys. Chem. 20, 392 (1994).

Sigaev, V. N.

V. N. Sigaev, S. Yu. Stefanovich, P. D. Sarkisov, and E. V. Lopatina, Glass Phys. Chem. 20, 392 (1994).

Stefanovich, S. Yu.

V. N. Sigaev, S. Yu. Stefanovich, P. D. Sarkisov, and E. V. Lopatina, Glass Phys. Chem. 20, 392 (1994).

Tan, Q.

Trupke, T.

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van der Eerden, J. P. J. M.

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. Den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vergeer, P.

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. Den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vlugt, T. J. H.

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. Den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wegh, R. T.

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, Science 283, 663 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiechert, D. U.

C. Feldmann, T. Justel, C. R. Ronda, and D. U. Wiechert, J. Lumin. 92, 245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wurfel, P.

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ye, S.

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. Chen, J. Luo, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Zhang, Y. X. Pan, and Z. H. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. Chen, J. Luo, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Q. Y. Zhang, Y. X. Pan, and Z. H. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. Chen, J. Luo, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Glass Phys. Chem. (1)

V. N. Sigaev, S. Yu. Stefanovich, P. D. Sarkisov, and E. V. Lopatina, Glass Phys. Chem. 20, 392 (1994).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

C. Feldmann, T. Justel, C. R. Ronda, and D. U. Wiechert, J. Lumin. 92, 245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. Den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Inorg. Chem. (1)

C. K. Jørgensen, Prog. Inorg. Chem. 12, 101 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, Science 283, 663 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the mechanisms of NIR emission from Yb 3 + F 5 2 2 F 7 2 2 through cooperative ET after exciting high energy levels of Pr 3 + and Tm 3 + and direct excitation by UV light to the CTB of Yb 3 + .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of the glass samples of TY10 and PY10. The spectrum of the blank undoped LBG glass is given as a reference.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Excitation spectra of glass samples of TY10, PY10, and Y10 monitoring the Yb 3 + emission at 1020 nm , Pr 3 + emission at 610 nm , and Tm 3 + emission at 650 nm . (b) Emission spectra of glass samples of TY0, TY10, PY0, and PY10 excited at 468 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Concentration-dependent decay profiles of the (a) Tm 3 + emission at 650 nm for glass samples of TY0 ( x = 0 ) , TY10 ( x = 10 ) , and TY20 ( x = 20 ) , and (b) Pr 3 + emission at 610 nm for glass samples of PY0 ( x = 0 ) , PY10 ( x = 10 ) , and PY20 ( x = 20 ) . Insets are the calculated average lifetime and ET efficiency.

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