Abstract

We describe an all-fiberized coherent detection system at 1.55μm using heterodyne self-mixing modulation in a distributed-feedback fiber laser. Frequency shifting of the optical feedback is based on serrodyne phase modulation with an integrated electro-optic modulator, which is a significant advance in the simplification of the self-mixing detection scheme for class B lasers. Accurate measurement of the optical phase difference between the laser electric field and the backscattered electric field demonstrates nanometric displacement detection on noncooperative targets.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

M. Laroche, L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and J. K. Sahu, Appl. Phys. B 80, 603 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and M. Laroche, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

O. Hugon, E. Lacot, and F. Stoeckel, Fiber Integr. Opt. 22, 283 (2003).

2002 (3)

G. Guiliani, M. Norgia, S. Donati, and T. Bosch, J. Opt. A 4, 283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Porta, D. P. Curtin, and J. G. McInerney, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, K. Abe, J.-Y. Ko, and T.-S. Lim, Opt. Lett. 27, 1339 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1994 (1)

1986 (1)

1982 (1)

1979 (1)

K. Otzuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 655 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Abe, K.

Asakawa, Y.

R. Kawai, Y. Asakawa, and K. Otsuka, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 706 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, R. Kawai, Y. Asakawa, and T. Fukazawa, Opt. Lett. 24, 1862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Belarouci, A.

Bosch, T.

G. Guiliani, M. Norgia, S. Donati, and T. Bosch, J. Opt. A 4, 283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Curtin, D. P.

P. A. Porta, D. P. Curtin, and J. G. McInerney, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Day, R.

De La Rue, R. M.

Donati, S.

G. Guiliani, M. Norgia, S. Donati, and T. Bosch, J. Opt. A 4, 283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Felix, C.

Fukazawa, T.

Gilles, H.

H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and A. Belarouci, Opt. Lett. 33, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and Y. Monfort, Appl. Opt. 45, 4084 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Laroche, L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and J. K. Sahu, Appl. Phys. B 80, 603 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and M. Laroche, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and A. Belarouci, Opt. Lett. 33, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and Y. Monfort, Appl. Opt. 45, 4084 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Laroche, L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and J. K. Sahu, Appl. Phys. B 80, 603 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and M. Laroche, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guiliani, G.

G. Guiliani, M. Norgia, S. Donati, and T. Bosch, J. Opt. A 4, 283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Han, D.

Hugon, O.

O. Jacquin, E. Lacot, C. Felix, and O. Hugon, Appl. Opt. 46, 6779 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Hugon, E. Lacot, and F. Stoeckel, Fiber Integr. Opt. 22, 283 (2003).

Jacquin, O.

Kawai, R.

K. Otsuka, R. Kawai, Y. Asakawa, and T. Fukazawa, Opt. Lett. 24, 1862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Kawai, Y. Asakawa, and K. Otsuka, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 706 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kervevan, L.

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and Y. Monfort, Appl. Opt. 45, 4084 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Laroche, L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and J. K. Sahu, Appl. Phys. B 80, 603 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and M. Laroche, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ko, J.-Y.

Lacot, E.

Laroche, M.

H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and A. Belarouci, Opt. Lett. 33, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and Y. Monfort, Appl. Opt. 45, 4084 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Laroche, L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and J. K. Sahu, Appl. Phys. B 80, 603 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and M. Laroche, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lim, T.-S.

McInerney, J. G.

P. A. Porta, D. P. Curtin, and J. G. McInerney, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mochizuki, A.

Monfort, Y.

Norgia, M.

G. Guiliani, M. Norgia, S. Donati, and T. Bosch, J. Opt. A 4, 283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

Otzuka, K.

K. Otzuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 655 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Porta, P. A.

P. A. Porta, D. P. Curtin, and J. G. McInerney, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

M. Laroche, L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and J. K. Sahu, Appl. Phys. B 80, 603 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shinohara, S.

Stoeckel, F.

O. Hugon, E. Lacot, and F. Stoeckel, Fiber Integr. Opt. 22, 283 (2003).

E. Lacot, R. Day, and F. Stoeckel, Opt. Lett. 24, 744 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sumi, M.

Wang, M.

Wong, K. K.

Yoshida, H.

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Laroche, L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and J. K. Sahu, Appl. Phys. B 80, 603 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

O. Hugon, E. Lacot, and F. Stoeckel, Fiber Integr. Opt. 22, 283 (2003).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Otzuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 655 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

P. A. Porta, D. P. Curtin, and J. G. McInerney, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Kawai, Y. Asakawa, and K. Otsuka, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 706 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, and M. Laroche, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

G. Guiliani, M. Norgia, S. Donati, and T. Bosch, J. Opt. A 4, 283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the heterodyne self-mixing laser detection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power spectra of the laser in a heterodyne self-mixing configuration with the presence of a target (solid curve) and without a target (dotted curve). The relaxation frequency is near f R = 530 kHz , and the frequency shift is f m = 500 kHz .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Variation of the measured optical phase induced by a linear displacement of the target and (b) voltage ramp applied to the sound speaker.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polar plot of the amplitude of the laser power modulation versus the detected phase. The total phase variation is 4 π (two turns).

Equations (2)

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τ c = 2 n L c ln ( 1 R 1 R 2 )
E ( t ) = E ( t ) exp ( j ϕ ( t ) ) = E 0 exp ( j 2 π ν 0 t ) exp ( j 2 π T m t ) = E 0 exp ( j 2 π ( ν 0 + 1 T m ) t ) .

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