Abstract

We extend our work to perform sensitive, room-temperature optical detection of terahertz (THz) by using nonlinear parametric upconversion. THz radiation at 700GHz is mixed with pump light at 1550nm in a bulk GaAs crystal to generate an idler wave at 1555.6nm. The idler is separated, coupled into optical fiber, and detected using a gated Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode. The resulting THz detector has a power sensitivity of 4.5pWHz and a timing resolution of 1ns.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. C. Chen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Baker, T. Lo, W. R. Tribe, B. E. Cole, M. R. Hogbin, and M. C. Kemp, Proc. IEEE 95, 1559 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Proc. SPIE 6373, 63730 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. White and D. Zimdars, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA112
  5. J. C. Chen and S. Kaushik, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 486 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Tonouchi, Nat. Photonics 1, 97 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Siegel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 910 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, R. Ben-Michael, and K. Slomkowski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 895 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).
  12. Y. J. Ding and W. Shi, Solid-State Electron. 50, 1128 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Guo, T. Ikari, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper QPDA7
  14. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Vol. 64 (Springer-Verlag, 1997).
  15. E. D. Pallik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, (Academic, 1998).

2007 (8)

J. White and D. Zimdars, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA112

J. C. Chen and S. Kaushik, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Tonouchi, Nat. Photonics 1, 97 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Baker, T. Lo, W. R. Tribe, B. E. Cole, M. R. Hogbin, and M. C. Kemp, Proc. IEEE 95, 1559 (2007)
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, R. Ben-Michael, and K. Slomkowski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 895 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

R. Guo, T. Ikari, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper QPDA7

M. J. Khan, J. C. Chen, and S. Kaushik, Opt. Lett. 32, 3248 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

Y. J. Ding and W. Shi, Solid-State Electron. 50, 1128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Proc. SPIE 6373, 63730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. C. Chen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).

2002 (1)

P. Siegel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 910 (2002)
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

E. D. Pallik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, (Academic, 1998).

1997 (1)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Vol. 64 (Springer-Verlag, 1997).

Aull, B. F.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Aversa, J. C.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Baker, C.

C. Baker, T. Lo, W. R. Tribe, B. E. Cole, M. R. Hogbin, and M. C. Kemp, Proc. IEEE 95, 1559 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Bandyopadhyay, A.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Proc. SPIE 6373, 63730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barat, R. B.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Proc. SPIE 6373, 63730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ben-Michael, R.

X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, R. Ben-Michael, and K. Slomkowski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 895 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).

Chapman, D. C.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Chen, J. C.

M. J. Khan, J. C. Chen, and S. Kaushik, Opt. Lett. 32, 3248 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Chen and S. Kaushik, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

Y. C. Chen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cole, B. E.

C. Baker, T. Lo, W. R. Tribe, B. E. Cole, M. R. Hogbin, and M. C. Kemp, Proc. IEEE 95, 1559 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Deurr, E. K.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Ding, Y. J.

Y. J. Ding and W. Shi, Solid-State Electron. 50, 1128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Vol. 64 (Springer-Verlag, 1997).

Donnelly, J. P.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Federici, J. F.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Proc. SPIE 6373, 63730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Frechette, J. P.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Funk, J. E.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Gary, D. E.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Proc. SPIE 6373, 63730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Glettler, J. B.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Guo, R.

R. Guo, T. Ikari, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper QPDA7

Gurzadyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Vol. 64 (Springer-Verlag, 1997).

Hogbin, M. R.

C. Baker, T. Lo, W. R. Tribe, B. E. Cole, M. R. Hogbin, and M. C. Kemp, Proc. IEEE 95, 1559 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Hopman, P. I.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Ikari, T.

R. Guo, T. Ikari, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper QPDA7

Ito, H.

R. Guo, T. Ikari, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper QPDA7

Itzler, M. A.

X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, R. Ben-Michael, and K. Slomkowski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 895 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, K. E.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, R. Ben-Michael, and K. Slomkowski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 895 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kaushik, S.

J. C. Chen and S. Kaushik, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Khan, J. C. Chen, and S. Kaushik, Opt. Lett. 32, 3248 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kemp, M. C.

C. Baker, T. Lo, W. R. Tribe, B. E. Cole, M. R. Hogbin, and M. C. Kemp, Proc. IEEE 95, 1559 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Khan, M. J.

Liau, Z. L.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Lo, T.

C. Baker, T. Lo, W. R. Tribe, B. E. Cole, M. R. Hogbin, and M. C. Kemp, Proc. IEEE 95, 1559 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McIntosh, K. A.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Michalopoulou, Z.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Proc. SPIE 6373, 63730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Minamide, H.

R. Guo, T. Ikari, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper QPDA7

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Vol. 64 (Springer-Verlag, 1997).

Oakley, D. C.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Ouellette, E. J.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Pallik, E. D.

E. D. Pallik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, (Academic, 1998).

Renzi, M. J.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Sengupta, A.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Proc. SPIE 6373, 63730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shaver, D. C.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Shi, W.

Y. J. Ding and W. Shi, Solid-State Electron. 50, 1128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, P.

P. Siegel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 910 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Sinyukov, A. M.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Proc. SPIE 6373, 63730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Slomkowski, K.

X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, R. Ben-Michael, and K. Slomkowski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 895 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, G. M.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Taday, P. F.

Y. C. Chen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, Nat. Photonics 1, 97 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tribe, W. R.

C. Baker, T. Lo, W. R. Tribe, B. E. Cole, M. R. Hogbin, and M. C. Kemp, Proc. IEEE 95, 1559 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tyrrell, B. M.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Verghese, S.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

Vineis, C. J.

S. Verghese, J. P. Donnelly, E. K. Deurr, K. A. McIntosh, D. C. Chapman, C. J. Vineis, G. M. Smith, J. E. Funk, K. E. Jensen, P. I. Hopman, D. C. Shaver, B. F. Aull, J. C. Aversa, J. P. Frechette, J. B. Glettler, Z. L. Liau, D. C. Oakley, E. J. Ouellette, M. J. Renzi, and B. M. Tyrrell, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 867 (2007).

White, J.

J. White and D. Zimdars, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA112

Zimdars, D.

J. White and D. Zimdars, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA112

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Proc. SPIE 6373, 63730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. C. Chen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, R. Ben-Michael, and K. Slomkowski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 895 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic layout of the THz upconversion experiment. The chopper is used only in conjunction with the p-i-n diode and is removed when light is coupled into the GM-APD via the optical fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectrum of the light coupled in the fiber clearly shows the generated optical idler when the THz source is on.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of GM-APD counts versus equivalent input THz power, normalized by bandwidth of gating signal. A linear fit to the signal counts (dashed line) intersect noise level (solid line) at 4.5 pW Hz .

Equations (3)

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NEP = h ν η DCR .
( NEP GM - APD ν Idler ) = η THz optical ( NEP THz ν THz )
η THz optical = P Idler ( p ) P THz × ν THz ν Idler ,

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