Abstract

We implement double electromagnetically induced transparency (DEIT) in rubidium vapor using a tripod-shaped energy-level scheme consisting of hyperfine magnetic sublevels of the 5S125P12 transition. We show experimentally that through the use of DEIT one can control the contrast of transparency windows as well as group velocities of the two signal fields. In particular, the group velocities can be equalized, which holds promise to greatly enhance nonlinear optical interaction between these fields.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Fleishhauer, A. Imamoğlu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K.-P. Marzlin, Z.-B. Wang, and B. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 063901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. X. Cao, C. Zang, C. Xie, H. Wang, S. Li, and X. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 073602 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Ottaviani, P. Tombesi, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, S. Rebic, D. Vitali, and R. Corbalan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 032317 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Petrosyan and Y. Malakyan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Imamoğlu and M. D. Lukin, Nature 413, 273 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1997).
  8. F. Vewinger, J. Appel, E. Figueroa, and A. I. Lvovsky, Opt. Lett. 32, 2771 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Khurgin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1062 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (2007).
  11. E. Figueroa, F. Vewinger, J. Appel, and A. I. Lvovsky, Opt. Lett. 31, 2625 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

X. Cao, C. Zang, C. Xie, H. Wang, S. Li, and X. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

F. Vewinger, J. Appel, E. Figueroa, and A. I. Lvovsky, Opt. Lett. 32, 2771 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (2007).

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

M. Fleishhauer, A. Imamoğlu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Khurgin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1062 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

C. Ottaviani, P. Tombesi, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, S. Rebic, D. Vitali, and R. Corbalan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 032317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Petrosyan and Y. Malakyan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Imamoğlu and M. D. Lukin, Nature 413, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appel, J.

Artoni, M.

C. Ottaviani, P. Tombesi, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, S. Rebic, D. Vitali, and R. Corbalan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 032317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cao, X.

X. Cao, C. Zang, C. Xie, H. Wang, S. Li, and X. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cataliotti, F.

C. Ottaviani, P. Tombesi, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, S. Rebic, D. Vitali, and R. Corbalan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 032317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Corbalan, R.

C. Ottaviani, P. Tombesi, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, S. Rebic, D. Vitali, and R. Corbalan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 032317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Figueroa, E.

Fleishhauer, M.

M. Fleishhauer, A. Imamoğlu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Freegarde, T.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (2007).

Hänsch, T. W.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (2007).

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleishhauer, A. Imamoğlu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Imamoğlu and M. D. Lukin, Nature 413, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khurgin, J.

Li, S.

X. Cao, C. Zang, C. Xie, H. Wang, S. Li, and X. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

A. Imamoğlu and M. D. Lukin, Nature 413, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lvovsky, A. I.

Malakyan, Y.

D. Petrosyan and Y. Malakyan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleishhauer, A. Imamoğlu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marzlin, K.-P.

K.-P. Marzlin, Z.-B. Wang, and B. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 063901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ottaviani, C.

C. Ottaviani, P. Tombesi, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, S. Rebic, D. Vitali, and R. Corbalan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 032317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petrosyan, D.

D. Petrosyan and Y. Malakyan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prevedelli, M.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (2007).

Rebic, S.

C. Ottaviani, P. Tombesi, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, S. Rebic, D. Vitali, and R. Corbalan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 032317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, B.

K.-P. Marzlin, Z.-B. Wang, and B. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 063901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scully, M. O.

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1997).

Tombesi, P.

C. Ottaviani, P. Tombesi, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, S. Rebic, D. Vitali, and R. Corbalan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 032317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vewinger, F.

Vitali, D.

C. Ottaviani, P. Tombesi, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, S. Rebic, D. Vitali, and R. Corbalan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 032317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

X. Cao, C. Zang, C. Xie, H. Wang, S. Li, and X. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.-B.

K.-P. Marzlin, Z.-B. Wang, and B. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 063901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, C.

X. Cao, C. Zang, C. Xie, H. Wang, S. Li, and X. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

X. Cao, C. Zang, C. Xie, H. Wang, S. Li, and X. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zang, C.

X. Cao, C. Zang, C. Xie, H. Wang, S. Li, and X. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zubairy, M. S.

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1997).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

A. Imamoğlu and M. D. Lukin, Nature 413, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

C. Ottaviani, P. Tombesi, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, S. Rebic, D. Vitali, and R. Corbalan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 032317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Petrosyan and Y. Malakyan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K.-P. Marzlin, Z.-B. Wang, and B. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 063901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Cao, C. Zang, C. Xie, H. Wang, S. Li, and X. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. Fleishhauer, A. Imamoğlu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1997).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Left, the atomic-level scheme used in this experiment is a tripod scheme with both hyperfine levels of the 5 2 S 1 2 shell as ground states and the F = 2 hyperfine state of the 5 2 P 1 2 shell as the excited state. Right, simultaneous EIT windows observed by scanning the pump field.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The effect of one signal field on the other in the DEIT system. In (a), the absorption spectrum of the hyperfine field, fixed at 50 μ W , is measured for various powers of the Zeeman EIT signal. In (b), the Zeeman signal is of constant intensity, and the hyperfine power is varied.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Group-velocity matching. (a) Theoretical tripod scheme analyzed in the text. (b) Pulse waveforms with matched group velocities. The tail of the preparation hyperfine pulse ( 55 μ W ) is visible. (c) Group velocities of the copropagating signal pulses as a function of the preparation power. Solid curves, theoretical model (see text).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simultaneous storage and retrieval of two signal pulses using a single pump field.

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