Abstract

We have succeeded in the simultaneous stabilization of the optical frequency and repetition rate of a regeneratively mode-locked picosecond erbium-doped fiber ring laser. The optical frequency was locked to the molecular absorption of C2H2 in the 1.5μm band, and the repetition rate was stabilized to a 40GHz synthesizer by using a microwave phase-locked loop. The optical frequency stability of the pulse train reached 2×1011 for τ=10100s. The key to success is the independent control of the repetition rate without disturbing the optical cavity condition.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, N. Cyr, and M. Têtu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1631 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. J. Quinn, Metrologia 40, 103 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Nakazawa and M. Yoshida, Opt. Lett. 33, 1059 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, Opt. Lett. 29, 250 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Kasai, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, in 30th ECOC 2004 (IEEE, 2004), paper Th1.3.5.
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    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008

2007

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and J. Hongou, Electron. Lett. 42, 710 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

T. J. Quinn, Metrologia 40, 103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, N. Cyr, and M. Têtu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1631 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cyr, N.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, N. Cyr, and M. Têtu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1631 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, Opt. Lett. 29, 250 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eidiyatomoko, B.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hongou, J.

M. Nakazawa, M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and J. Hongou, Electron. Lett. 42, 710 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Imai, K.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jørgensen, C. G.

Kasai, K.

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and J. Hongou, Electron. Lett. 42, 710 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasai, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, in 30th ECOC 2004 (IEEE, 2004), paper Th1.3.5.

Koutogi, M.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Latrasse, C.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, N. Cyr, and M. Têtu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1631 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa and M. Yoshida, Opt. Lett. 33, 1059 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and J. Hongou, Electron. Lett. 42, 710 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasai, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, in 30th ECOC 2004 (IEEE, 2004), paper Th1.3.5.

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Okumura, K.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Poulin, M.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, N. Cyr, and M. Têtu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1631 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Quinn, T. J.

T. J. Quinn, Metrologia 40, 103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, A.

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Têtu, M.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, N. Cyr, and M. Têtu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1631 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Washburn, B. R.

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, A.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

Yoda, J.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

M. Nakazawa and M. Yoshida, Opt. Lett. 33, 1059 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and J. Hongou, Electron. Lett. 42, 710 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasai, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, in 30th ECOC 2004 (IEEE, 2004), paper Th1.3.5.

Electron. Lett.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and J. Hongou, Electron. Lett. 42, 710 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, N. Cyr, and M. Têtu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1631 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Koutogi, K. Imai, and B. Eidiyatomoko, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Electron. Express

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Metrologia

T. J. Quinn, Metrologia 40, 103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Science

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

K. Kasai, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, in 30th ECOC 2004 (IEEE, 2004), paper Th1.3.5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of absolutely frequency-stabilized and repetition-rate-controlled, 40 GHz regeneratively mode-locked erbium fiber laser at 1.53 μ m . The left-hand side shows the regeneratively mode-locked laser, and the right-hand side shows the frequency stabilization part including a feedback circuit to the laser. (PZT, piezoelectric transducer; DBM, double balanced mixer; FBG, fiber Bragg grating; MLP, multilayer piezo; LPF, low-pass filter; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; LN, lithium niobate; PI, proportional and integral; LD, laser diode).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser output characteristics. (a) Output power versus pump power, (b) autocorrelation waveform, (c) optical spectrum of the mode-locked laser, and (d) an extracted 40 GHz clock signal in the regenerative mode locking.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Changes in the optical frequency and the laser output power when feedback stabilization was operating. (a) Only a pump power change was used for the optical-frequency stabilization, and the laser power fluctuation was not removed. (b) Both pump power and cavity temperature controls are adopted to obtain a constant laser output power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical-frequency stability of the present mode-locked fiber laser. Square root of Allan variance versus integration time τ.

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