Abstract

We demonstrate a wavelength-transparent stimulated-Brillouin-scattering (SBS) approach for slow light. Our approach makes use of a cross-gain-modulation-based wavelength converter and a Brillouin fiber laser. The input wavelength is converted to become spectrally aligned to the resonance induced by SBS. The maximum delay achieved is 26ns with a 30dB Brillouin gain. The delay variation is less than 0.2ns over 40 nm wavelength detuning of the input signal.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 2002), Vol. 43, pp. 497-530.
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 6092 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, Opt. Express 13, 6234 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Y. Song, M. G. Herraez, and L. Thevenaz, Opt. Express 13, 82 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. G. Herraez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thevenaz, Opt. Express 14, 1395 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 201 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Zhang, L. Yan, I. Fazal, L. Zhang, A. E. Willner, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Express 15, 1878 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Y. Song and K. Hotate, Opt. Lett. 32, 217 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. W. Tang and C. Shu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 1905 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, paper P 2.14 (Optical Society of America, 2002).

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (5)

W. W. Tang and C. Shu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 1905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 6092 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, Opt. Express 13, 6234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herraez, and L. Thevenaz, Opt. Express 13, 82 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 2002), Vol. 43, pp. 497-530.
[CrossRef]

Calabretta, N.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, paper P 2.14 (Optical Society of America, 2002).

Dahan, D.

Dawes, A. M. C.

de Waardt, H.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, paper P 2.14 (Optical Society of America, 2002).

Dorren, H. J. S.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, paper P 2.14 (Optical Society of America, 2002).

Eisenstein, G.

Fazal, I.

Gaeta, A. L.

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 6092 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhang, L. Yan, I. Fazal, L. Zhang, A. E. Willner, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Express 15, 1878 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 2002), Vol. 43, pp. 497-530.
[CrossRef]

Herraez, M. G.

Hill, M. T.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, paper P 2.14 (Optical Society of America, 2002).

Hotate, K.

Khoe, G. D.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, paper P 2.14 (Optical Society of America, 2002).

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, paper P 2.14 (Optical Society of America, 2002).

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 6092 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 6092 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shu, C.

W. W. Tang and C. Shu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 1905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, K. Y.

Tang, W. W.

W. W. Tang and C. Shu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 1905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, paper P 2.14 (Optical Society of America, 2002).

Thevenaz, L.

Willner, A. E.

Yan, L.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, L.

Zhu, Z.

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

W. W. Tang and C. Shu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 1905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 2002), Vol. 43, pp. 497-530.
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, paper P 2.14 (Optical Society of America, 2002).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of the wavelength-transparent SBS slow-light approach.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the slow-light approach: LD, laser diode; TL, tunable laser; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; OBPF, optical bandpass filter; SOA, semiconductor optical amplifier; SMF, single-mode fiber; EOM, electro-optic modulator; VOA, variable optical attenuator. Inset, measured Brillouin gain spectrum of SMF-33 standard single-mode fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time profiles of (a) inverted input pulses at 1548.440 nm and (b) noninverted output pulses at 1554.008 nm after XGM wavelength conversion.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Time profiles of (i) input signal and (ii)–(iv) delayed signals with different Brillouin gains at 10, 20, and 30 dB. (b) Optical spectra of the input signal and the delayed signals at different Brillouin gains.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Relation between the pulse delay and the Brillouin gain. The linear plot shows a delay of 1.15 ns dB .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured pulse delay as a function of input signal wavelength at different levels of Brillouin gain.

Equations (1)

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T d = G Γ B ,

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