Abstract

A single-mode, transform-limited, actively Q-switched distributed-feedback fiber laser is presented, based on a new in-line acoustic pulse generator. Our technique permits a continuous adjustment of the repetition rate that modulates the Q factor of the cavity. Optical pulses of 800mW peak power, 32ns temporal width, and up to 20kHz repetition rates were obtained. The measured linewidth demonstrates that these pulses are transform limited: 6MHz for a train of pulses of 10kHz repetition rate, 80ns temporal width, and 60mW peak power. Efficient excitation of spontaneous Brillouin scattering is demonstrated.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Kringlebotn, J. Archambault, L. Reekie, and D. Payne, Opt. Lett. 19, 2101 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Matos, P. Torres, L. Valente, W. Margulis, and R. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1206 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171110 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Pérez-Millán, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Cruz, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Galtarossa, E. Nava, and G. Valentini, in Single-Mode Optical Fiber Measurement: Characterization and Sensing, G.Cancellieri, ed. (Artech, 1993).
  8. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).
  9. Y. Li, F. Zhang, and T. Yoshino, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1663 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. R. Parker, M. Farhadiroushan, R. Feced, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 645 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

P. Pérez-Millán, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

T. R. Parker, M. Farhadiroushan, R. Feced, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. L. Cruz, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Andrés, M. V.

M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Pérez-Millán, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Cruz, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J.

Cruz, J. L.

M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Pérez-Millán, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Cruz, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delgado-Pinar, M.

M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Díez, A.

M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Cruz, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

J. L. Cruz, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Farhadiroushan, M.

T. R. Parker, M. Farhadiroushan, R. Feced, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feced, R.

T. R. Parker, M. Farhadiroushan, R. Feced, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Galtarossa, A.

A. Galtarossa, E. Nava, and G. Valentini, in Single-Mode Optical Fiber Measurement: Characterization and Sensing, G.Cancellieri, ed. (Artech, 1993).

Handerek, V. A.

T. R. Parker, M. Farhadiroushan, R. Feced, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kringlebotn, J.

Laming, R. I.

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Loh, W. H.

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, W.

Matos, C.

Nava, E.

A. Galtarossa, E. Nava, and G. Valentini, in Single-Mode Optical Fiber Measurement: Characterization and Sensing, G.Cancellieri, ed. (Artech, 1993).

Ortega, B.

J. L. Cruz, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Parker, T. R.

T. R. Parker, M. Farhadiroushan, R. Feced, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D.

Pérez-Millán, P.

P. Pérez-Millán, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

Rogers, A. J.

T. R. Parker, M. Farhadiroushan, R. Feced, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Segura, A.

J. L. Cruz, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stubbe, R.

Torres, P.

Valente, L.

Valentini, G.

A. Galtarossa, E. Nava, and G. Valentini, in Single-Mode Optical Fiber Measurement: Characterization and Sensing, G.Cancellieri, ed. (Artech, 1993).

Yoshino, T.

Zhang, F.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Pérez-Millán, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. L. Cruz, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. R. Parker, M. Farhadiroushan, R. Feced, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

A. Galtarossa, E. Nava, and G. Valentini, in Single-Mode Optical Fiber Measurement: Characterization and Sensing, G.Cancellieri, ed. (Artech, 1993).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Q-switched distributed feedback-fiber laser setup. Lengths are in millimeters, whereas B and F stand for backward and forward outputs of the laser, taking as reference the pump direction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflection at the Bragg wavelength when an acoustic pulse has been launched to the FBG.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

DFB FL behavior at 10 kHz repetition rate and 80 mW of pump power. (a) Emitted optical train pulses and voltage signal applied to the current driver (left and right axes, respectively), (b) detail of a single optical pulse of the train, and (c) detail of a single current pulse applied to the coil.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Peak power (left ordinate) and temporal width (right ordinate) of the optical pulses as a function of the coil current, for forward and backward outputs, with 55 mW of pump power and 2 kHz repetition rate.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Peak power (dotted curves, left ordinate) and temporal width (solid curve, right ordinate), of the backward optical pulses as a function of the pump power, for different repetition rates.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectrum corresponding to the heterodyning between the backward DFB FL output and a tunable narrow linewidth laser used as local oscillator. The inset shows the original beating signal in the time domain. The frequency rate was 10 kHz , and the pump was of 80 mW .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Brillouin spectra at room temperature for 4 kHz repetition rate and two values of pump power [ 74 mW (solid curve) and 120 mW (dotted curve)], after backscattering in a 10.5 km length SMF-28 fiber.

Metrics