Abstract

We report on the cutoff characteristics of a Ge-doped Y-shaped microstructured fiber in which the holes are filled with a liquid of refractive index higher than silica but lower than the Ge-doped core. It is found that the cutoff wavelength was very sensitive to temperature variations as a result of the refractive index changes of the liquid. The basic properties of such a fiber permit the fabrication of wideband tunable short-pass filters, as well as temperature sensors with high sensitivity. A temperature sensitivity of 25nm°C is reported.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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2007 (2)

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

P. St. J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

1982 (1)

L. G. Coen, D. Marcuse, and W. L. Mammel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 30, 1455 (1982).
[Crossref]

Auguste, J.

Bise, R.

Bjarklev, A.

Blanc, W.

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Carlsen, A.

Coen, L. G.

L. G. Coen, D. Marcuse, and W. L. Mammel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 30, 1455 (1982).
[Crossref]

Coen, S.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Dewynter, V.

Du, H.

Dudley, J. M.

Dussardier, B.

Eggleton, B. J.

Ermeneux, S.

Ferdinand, P.

Folkenberg, J. R.

Franco, M. A. R.

Grossard, N.

Hansen, T. P.

Hoiby, P. E.

Huy, M.

Jensen, J. B.

Laffont, G.

Limpert, J.

Maillotte, H.

Mammel, W. L.

L. G. Coen, D. Marcuse, and W. L. Mammel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 30, 1455 (1982).
[Crossref]

Marcuse, D.

L. G. Coen, D. Marcuse, and W. L. Mammel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 30, 1455 (1982).
[Crossref]

Matos, C. J. S.

Nielsen, K.

Nielsen, L. B.

Noordegraaf, D.

Pagnoux, D.

Pedersen, L. H.

Provino, L.

Riishede, J.

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

Roy, P.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Serrão, V. A.

Sircilli, F.

Tünnermann, A.

Windeler, R. S.

Yvernault, P.

Zhu, Y.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM images of fibers (a), (b) 1 and (c) 2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental near-field intensity pattern of (a) the fundamental and (b) the second mode at 633 nm , and (c) the near-field images of the fiber output at 1550 nm . (a)–(c) are for fiber 1 and empty holes. (d) and (e) are for fiber 2 and show the near-field intensity pattern at 1550 nm when the holes were filled with air and a liquid of RI 1.46, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmission spectrum of a section of fiber 1 filled with a liquid of RI 1.47, at a temperature of 34 ° C . (b) Effective index of the fundamental mode of a depressed-cladding step-index fiber (solid line) consisting of a Ge-doped core, a silica first-cladding, and an infinite cladding with the RI of the liquid. The core and cladding diameters used for the calculations were 2.8 and 8 μ m , respectively. The refractive indices of the three media are included (dashed lines).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectra of a section of fiber 1 at different temperatures, from 17 ° C (left) to 41 ° C (right). The RI of the liquid was 1.47.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cutoff wavelength as a function of temperature for fiber 2 and three different liquids (nominal RI values are indicated).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Cutoff wavelength as a function of temperature for fibers 2 and 3, when filled with the liquid of RI = 1.47 .

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Basic Parameters of the Fibers

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