Abstract

It is demonstrated theoretically and experimentally that, by using the guided-wave surface-plasmon sensor configuration with a top layer of dielectric thin film (1015nm) having a high value of the real part of the dielectric function, it is possible to improve the sensitivity of the sensor up to 1 order of magnitude. The stability is improved because the thin nanolayer acts as a protection layer for the metal. The enhancement is due to the increase in the interaction volume and the evanescent field enhancement near the top layer–analyte interface.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J.Homola, ed., Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors (Springer, 2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. T. Deck, D. Sarid, G. A. Olson, and J. M. Elson, Appl. Opt. 22, 3397 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. G. Nenningera, P. TobisÏkab, J. Homola, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 74, 145 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Skivesen, R. Horvath, and H. C. Pederson, Sens. Actuators B 106, 668 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X.-C. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. C. Tjuin, J. Zhang, and H. M. Ng, Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, 2002 IEEE Hong Kong Electron Devices Meeting (IEEE, 2002), p. 63.
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Bin and W. Qing-Kang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1668 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C. McPhedran, N. A. P. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, Opt. Express 15, 8163 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. Malic, B. Cui, T. Veres, and M. Tabrizian, Opt. Lett. 32, 3092 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, Opt. Lett. 29, 2378 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. H. Chiu, S. F. Wang, and R. S. Chang, Opt. Lett. 30, 233 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 275, 491 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Y. Lee, H. C. Shih, C. T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, Opt. Commun. 276, 283 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Ran and S. G. Lipson, Opt. Express 14, 5641 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. van Gent, P. V. Lambeck, H. J. M. Kreuwel, G. J. Gerritsma, E. J. R. Sudholter, D. N. Reinhoudt, and T. J. A. Popma, Appl. Opt. 29, 2843 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. K. Tiefenthaler and W. Lukosz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 209 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  19. I. Abdulhalim, Optical Waveguide Sensing and Imaging, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, J.Bock Wojtek, I.Gannot, and S.Tanev, eds. (Springer, 2008), Chap. 9, p. 211.
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

W. Bin and W. Qing-Kang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1668 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Abdulhalim, Optical Waveguide Sensing and Imaging, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, J.Bock Wojtek, I.Gannot, and S.Tanev, eds. (Springer, 2008), Chap. 9, p. 211.
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C. McPhedran, N. A. P. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, Opt. Express 15, 8163 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Malic, B. Cui, T. Veres, and M. Tabrizian, Opt. Lett. 32, 3092 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 275, 491 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Lee, H. C. Shih, C. T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, Opt. Commun. 276, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

J.Homola, ed., Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors (Springer, 2006).
[CrossRef]

X.-C. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. C. Tjuin, J. Zhang, and H. M. Ng, Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ran and S. G. Lipson, Opt. Express 14, 5641 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

M. H. Chiu, S. F. Wang, and R. S. Chang, Opt. Lett. 30, 233 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Skivesen, R. Horvath, and H. C. Pederson, Sens. Actuators B 106, 668 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, 2002 IEEE Hong Kong Electron Devices Meeting (IEEE, 2002), p. 63.
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

G. G. Nenningera, P. TobisÏkab, J. Homola, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 74, 145 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1983 (1)

Abdulhalim, I.

I. Abdulhalim, Optical Waveguide Sensing and Imaging, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, J.Bock Wojtek, I.Gannot, and S.Tanev, eds. (Springer, 2008), Chap. 9, p. 211.
[CrossRef]

Alleyne, C. J.

Bin, W.

W. Bin and W. Qing-Kang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1668 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. S.

Chiu, M. H.

Chou, T. K.

J. Y. Lee, H. C. Shih, C. T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, Opt. Commun. 276, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cui, B.

Deck, R. T.

Elson, J. M.

Gerritsma, G. J.

Ho, H. P.

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 275, 491 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, Opt. Lett. 29, 2378 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, 2002 IEEE Hong Kong Electron Devices Meeting (IEEE, 2002), p. 63.
[CrossRef]

Homola, J.

G. G. Nenningera, P. TobisÏkab, J. Homola, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 74, 145 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. T.

J. Y. Lee, H. C. Shih, C. T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, Opt. Commun. 276, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Horvath, R.

N. Skivesen, R. Horvath, and H. C. Pederson, Sens. Actuators B 106, 668 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Irawan, R.

X.-C. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kabashin, A. V.

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, A. G.

Kong, S. K.

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 275, 491 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, Opt. Lett. 29, 2378 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kreuwel, H. J. M.

Lambeck, P. V.

Law, W. C.

Lee, J. Y.

J. Y. Lee, H. C. Shih, C. T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, Opt. Commun. 276, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 275, 491 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, Opt. Lett. 29, 2378 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lipson, S. G.

Lukosz, W.

Malic, L.

Maystre, D.

McPhedran, R. C.

Nenningera, G. G.

G. G. Nenningera, P. TobisÏkab, J. Homola, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 74, 145 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ng, H. M.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. C. Tjuin, J. Zhang, and H. M. Ng, Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nicorovici, N. A. P.

Nikitin, P. I.

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Olson, G. A.

Ong, B. H.

X.-C. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. C. Tjuin, J. Zhang, and H. M. Ng, Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pederson, H. C.

N. Skivesen, R. Horvath, and H. C. Pederson, Sens. Actuators B 106, 668 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Popma, T. J. A.

Qing-Kang, W.

W. Bin and W. Qing-Kang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1668 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ran, B.

Reinhoudt, D. N.

Sarid, D.

Shih, H. C.

J. Y. Lee, H. C. Shih, C. T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, Opt. Commun. 276, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Skivesen, N.

N. Skivesen, R. Horvath, and H. C. Pederson, Sens. Actuators B 106, 668 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sudholter, E. J. R.

Suen, Y. K.

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 275, 491 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tabrizian, M.

Tan, Y. G.

X.-C. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tiefenthaler, K.

Tjin, S. C.

X.-C. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tjuin, S. C.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. C. Tjuin, J. Zhang, and H. M. Ng, Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

TobisÏkab, P.

G. G. Nenningera, P. TobisÏkab, J. Homola, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 74, 145 (2001).
[CrossRef]

van Gent, J.

Veres, T.

Wang, S. F.

Wong, C. L.

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 275, 491 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. Y.

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 275, 491 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, Opt. Lett. 29, 2378 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, 2002 IEEE Hong Kong Electron Devices Meeting (IEEE, 2002), p. 63.
[CrossRef]

Yee, S. S.

G. G. Nenningera, P. TobisÏkab, J. Homola, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 74, 145 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, W.

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 275, 491 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. C. Tjuin, J. Zhang, and H. M. Ng, Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X.-C.

X.-C. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. W.

X.-C. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. C. Tjuin, J. Zhang, and H. M. Ng, Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Bin and W. Qing-Kang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1668 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

X.-C. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 275, 491 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Lee, H. C. Shih, C. T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, Opt. Commun. 276, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Sens. Actuators B (3)

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. C. Tjuin, J. Zhang, and H. M. Ng, Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Nenningera, P. TobisÏkab, J. Homola, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 74, 145 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Skivesen, R. Horvath, and H. C. Pederson, Sens. Actuators B 106, 668 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, 2002 IEEE Hong Kong Electron Devices Meeting (IEEE, 2002), p. 63.
[CrossRef]

I. Abdulhalim, Optical Waveguide Sensing and Imaging, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, J.Bock Wojtek, I.Gannot, and S.Tanev, eds. (Springer, 2008), Chap. 9, p. 211.
[CrossRef]

J.Homola, ed., Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors (Springer, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the GWSPR configuration. (b) Reflectance versus angle of incidence for water and air covers in the SPR and NGWSPR modes. The parameters are λ = 632.8 nm , d Ag = 43 nm , n s = 1.73205 , n Ag = 0.13 + 3.99 i , d Si ̱ film = 10 nm , n Si = 3.92 + 0.01 i , n c = 1.325 1.335 , d Zr O 2 = 20 nm , and z Zr O 2 = 2.1517 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Sensitivity versus ε film for GWSPR with different thicknesses of the dielectric film. The units of the sensitivity are in degrees per dielectric constant units (DCUs). For comparison, the sensitivity for the SPR is also shown. The parameters are the same as in Fig. 1b but using ε film = 0 , d Ag = 44 nm . (b) Experimental and simulation results for GWSPR for both air and water cover. (Dotted curves connect the experimental data while the solid curves are the theoretical ones). The parameters are the same as in Fig. 1b except for λ = 653 nm , n s = 1.77641 , and n Si = 3.881 + 0.0116 i .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Electric field intensity distribution across the silver metal, the top Si layer, and inside the analyte for the same parameters of Fig. 2b showing an enhancement of the field intensity by nearly a factor of 9.

Metrics