Abstract

A compact electro-optic modulator on silicon-on-insulator is presented. The structure consists of a III-V microdisk cavity heterogeneously integrated on a silicon-on-insulator wire waveguide. By modulating the loss of the active layer included in the cavity through carrier injection, the power of the transmitted light at the resonant wavelength is modulated; 10dB extinction ratio and 2.73Gbps dynamic operation are demonstrated without using any special driving techniques.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (3)

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in 5th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), paper WA2.

Y. Kuo, H. Chen, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 16, 9936 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Basak, J.

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, B. R.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

Chen, H.

Chetrit, Y.

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, R.

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Di Cioccio, L.

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J.-M.

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Green, W. M. J.

Haus, H. A.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Izhaky, N.

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khan, M. J.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, Y.

Lentine, A. L.

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in 5th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), paper WA2.

Liao, L.

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Liu, A.

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Manolatou, C.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H.

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poon, A. W.

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Regreny, P.

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rooks, M. J.

Rubin, D.

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, A.

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B.

Seassal, C.

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sekaric, L.

Shakya, J.

Soref, R. A.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Trotter, D. C.

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in 5th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), paper WA2.

Van Campenhout, J.

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Watts, M. R.

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in 5th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), paper WA2.

Xu, Q.

Young, R. W.

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in 5th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), paper WA2.

Zhou, L.

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Electron. Lett. 23, 1196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Other (1)

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in 5th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), paper WA2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketch of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Static transmission spectra through the MDC with different bias voltages and currents. The lasing threshold current of the MDC is 800 μ A .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured extinction ratio as a function of the laser power in the input SOI waveguide. Parameters are the bias currents. The dotted curve denotes the power level used in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical response of the modulator under a square wave signal with a voltage level of 0 1.1 V and a frequency of 340 MHz . The inset shows the rise time as a function of the reverse bias voltage.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Waveform of a 32-bit NRZ signal at 2.73 Gbps applied on (a) proposed modulator and (b) corresponding optical signal.

Equations (1)

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T = T 0 1 α c v g j ( ω ω 0 ) + α c v g 2 + α a v g 2 + α o v g 2 2 ,

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