Abstract

We report the generation of 30μJ single-cycle terahertz pulses at 100Hz repetition rate by phase-matched optical rectification in lithium niobate using 28mJ femtosecond laser pulses. The phase-matching condition is achieved by tilting the laser pulse intensity front. Temporal, spectral, and propagation properties of the generated terahertz pulses are presented. In addition, we discuss possibilities for further increasing the energy of single-cycle terahertz pulses obtained by optical rectification.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Reimann, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1597 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Z. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, Opt. Express 10, 1161 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  6. K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, Opt. Express 13, 5762 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Blanchard, L. Razzari, H.-C. Bandulet, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, J.-C. Kieffer, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, H. F. Tiedje, H. K. Haugen, and F. A. Hegmann, Opt. Express 15, 13212 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Commun. 281, 3567 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Melnikov, V. O. Kompanets, and V. Chekalin, JETP Lett. 85, 227 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 184 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Hornung, K. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, in Ultrafast Phenomena XV, P.Corkum, D.Jonas, D.Miller, and A.M.Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), p. 772.
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Schneider, I. Biaggio, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2229 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Cronin-Golomb, Opt. Lett. 29, 2046 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Express 14, 2263 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. T. Hattori and K. Takeuchi, Opt. Express 15, 8077 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. B 81, 23 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Commun. 281, 3567 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

F. Blanchard, L. Razzari, H.-C. Bandulet, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, J.-C. Kieffer, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, H. F. Tiedje, H. K. Haugen, and F. A. Hegmann, Opt. Express 15, 13212 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Melnikov, V. O. Kompanets, and V. Chekalin, JETP Lett. 85, 227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Reimann, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Hattori and K. Takeuchi, Opt. Express 15, 8077 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

A. Schneider, I. Biaggio, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2229 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, Opt. Lett. 29, 2046 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 184 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Almási, G.

Arena, D. A.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auston, D. H.

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 184 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bandulet, H.-C.

Biaggio, I.

A. Schneider, I. Biaggio, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2229 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, F.

Campbell, P.

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carr, G. L.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chekalin, V.

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Melnikov, V. O. Kompanets, and V. Chekalin, JETP Lett. 85, 227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Dekorsy, T.

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Günter, P.

A. Schneider, I. Biaggio, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2229 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, T.

T. Hattori and K. Takeuchi, Opt. Express 15, 8077 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haugen, H. K.

Hebling, J.

K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Commun. 281, 3567 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. B 81, 23 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, Opt. Express 13, 5762 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Z. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, Opt. Express 10, 1161 (2002).
[PubMed]

Hegmann, F. A.

Heinz, T. F.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Helm, M.

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoffmann, M. C.

K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Commun. 281, 3567 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hornung, T.

T. Hornung, K. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, in Ultrafast Phenomena XV, P.Corkum, D.Jonas, D.Miller, and A.M.Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), p. 772.
[CrossRef]

Houard, A.

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kao, C.-C.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keilmann, F.

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J.-C.

Kompanets, V. O.

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Melnikov, V. O. Kompanets, and V. Chekalin, JETP Lett. 85, 227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kozma, I. Z.

Kuhl, J.

Liu, Y.

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Z. G.

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Melnikov, A. A.

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Melnikov, V. O. Kompanets, and V. Chekalin, JETP Lett. 85, 227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

Murphy, J. B.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nahata, A.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Commun. 281, 3567 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Hornung, K. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, in Ultrafast Phenomena XV, P.Corkum, D.Jonas, D.Miller, and A.M.Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), p. 772.
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 184 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, T.

Prade, B.

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Razzari, L.

Reid, M.

Reimann, K.

K. Reimann, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

Schneider, A.

A. Schneider, I. Biaggio, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2229 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seidel, W.

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharma, G.

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stepanov, A. G.

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Melnikov, V. O. Kompanets, and V. Chekalin, JETP Lett. 85, 227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, Opt. Express 13, 5762 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. B 81, 23 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, K.

T. Hattori and K. Takeuchi, Opt. Express 15, 8077 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tiedje, H. F.

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsang, T. Y.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wang, X. J.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, T.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weling, A. S.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. A.

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeh, K.

T. Hornung, K. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, in Ultrafast Phenomena XV, P.Corkum, D.Jonas, D.Miller, and A.M.Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), p. 772.
[CrossRef]

Yeh, K.-L.

K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Commun. 281, 3567 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. B 81, 23 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Schneider, I. Biaggio, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2229 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 184 (1988).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Melnikov, V. O. Kompanets, and V. Chekalin, JETP Lett. 85, 227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Commun. 281, 3567 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

K. Reimann, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

T. Hornung, K. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, in Ultrafast Phenomena XV, P.Corkum, D.Jonas, D.Miller, and A.M.Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), p. 772.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the terahertz generation setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Electro-optic signal and (b) corresponding fast Fourier transform amplitude.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Terahertz beam transverse intensity distributions in the (a) vertical and (b) horizontal directions at 25 and 120 mm from the crystal out surface. Insets, terahertz beam diameter as a function of propagation distance (see text for more details).

Metrics