Abstract

The effects of different laser pulse widths on laser-induced ionization imaging of microstructures embedded in transparent materials are investigated. It is shown that a femtosecond laser-induced ionization probe can detect the variation of elemental composition of the sample materials with a higher contrast ratio, whereas the ionization probe generated by picosecond laser pulses is more sensitive to the structural change inside optical materials, which can be well explained by the different roles of multiphoton ionization and avalanche ionization involved in material breakdown. These results also suggest that an optimum diagnosis could be obtained if well-selected laser parameters are employed in ultrafast laser ionization imaging.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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O. L. Monti, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, J. Chem. Phys. 125, 154709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, N. Zhang, J. Yang, and X. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 241102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Cremers and L. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, G. Mu, and X. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 31, 2765 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, M. Corsi, and G. Cristoforetti, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Nicole, H. L. Offerhaus, M. J. Vrakking, F. Lépine, and Ch. Bordas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1974 (1)

N. Bloembergen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 375 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965).

Baker, T. A.

O. L. Monti, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, J. Chem. Phys. 125, 154709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 375 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bordas, Ch.

C. Nicole, H. L. Offerhaus, M. J. Vrakking, F. Lépine, and Ch. Bordas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boutou, V.

Brocas, A.

Canioni, L.

Chan, J. W.

Corsi, M.

E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, M. Corsi, and G. Cristoforetti, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Courvoisier, F.

Cremers, D.

D. Cremers and L. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Cristoforetti, G.

E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, M. Corsi, and G. Cristoforetti, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Davis, K. M.

Du, D.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Favre, C.

Glezer, E. N.

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hill, S. C.

Hirao, K.

Huser, T.

Keldysh, L. V.

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965).

Korn, G.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krol, D. M.

Lépine, F.

C. Nicole, H. L. Offerhaus, M. J. Vrakking, F. Lépine, and Ch. Bordas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Monti, O. L.

O. L. Monti, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, J. Chem. Phys. 125, 154709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mu, G.

Nesbitt, D. J.

O. L. Monti, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, J. Chem. Phys. 125, 154709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicole, C.

C. Nicole, H. L. Offerhaus, M. J. Vrakking, F. Lépine, and Ch. Bordas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Offerhaus, H. L.

C. Nicole, H. L. Offerhaus, M. J. Vrakking, F. Lépine, and Ch. Bordas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palleschi, V.

E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, M. Corsi, and G. Cristoforetti, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Radziemski, L.

D. Cremers and L. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, M.

Risbud, S.

Sacchi, C. A.

Sarger, L.

Squier, J.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Tognoni, E.

E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, M. Corsi, and G. Cristoforetti, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vrakking, M. J.

C. Nicole, H. L. Offerhaus, M. J. Vrakking, F. Lépine, and Ch. Bordas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, J.-P.

Yang, J.

Y. Zhao, N. Zhang, J. Yang, and X. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 241102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, N.

Y. Zhao, N. Zhang, J. Yang, and X. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 241102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, N. Zhang, J. Yang, and X. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 241102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, G. Mu, and X. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 31, 2765 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

Y. Zhao, G. Mu, and X. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 31, 2765 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, N. Zhang, J. Yang, and X. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 241102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zoubir, A.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, N. Zhang, J. Yang, and X. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 241102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Bloembergen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 375 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

O. L. Monti, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, J. Chem. Phys. 125, 154709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. Nicole, H. L. Offerhaus, M. J. Vrakking, F. Lépine, and Ch. Bordas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965).

Spectrochim. Acta Part B (1)

E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, M. Corsi, and G. Cristoforetti, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. Cremers and L. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured signal strength of plasma emission induced by 50 fs (stars; left and bottom axes) and 500 fs (circles; top and right axes) laser pulses in distilled water. The slope of the linear fit for the 50 fs data is 5.08.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Randomly sampled signal strength of water plasma emission induced by 50 fs (diamonds), 1 ps (circles), and 5 ps (crosses) laser pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Scanning signal across a standard single-mode fiber. The inset is a diagram of the cross section of the fiber, and the arrow indicates the scanning direction of the probing beam.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

LIBM signal across the two prescribed line structures embedded inside a bulk of optical glass. The inset is the micrograph of the actual sample, and the arrow indicates the scanning direction of the probe beam.

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