Abstract

We demonstrate a general linear pulse-shaping technique based on integrated III–V Bragg gratings (BGs). Such a technique allows for the synthesizing of complex waveforms with picosecond resolution using a compact single-waveguide design. This approach is experimentally demonstrated by fabricating and testing a series of integrated ultrafast optical pulse shapers based on BG geometries acting as time-domain code generators operating at 500Gbitss.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Kuryatkov, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, Opt. Lett. 31, 640 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. Xia, L. R. Chen, P. Dumais, and C. Callender, Electron. Lett. 42, 1119 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.
  5. J. Azaña and L. R. Chen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2758 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, Opt. Lett. 24, 1672 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Park, M. Kulishov, R. Slavik, and J. Azana, Opt. Express 14, 12670 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. J. Strain and M. Sorel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2566 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. J. Strain and M. Sorel, “Integrated III-V Bragg gratings for arbitrary control over chirp and coupling coefficient,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).
  10. S. Garidel, D. Lauvernier, J. P. Vilcot, M. Francois, and D. Decoster, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1627 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Carballar, M. A. Muriel, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 694 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Park, F. Li, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1798 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

2006 (6)

M. J. Strain and M. Sorel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2566 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Garidel, D. Lauvernier, J. P. Vilcot, M. Francois, and D. Decoster, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Xia, L. R. Chen, P. Dumais, and C. Callender, Electron. Lett. 42, 1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, F. Li, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1798 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Kuryatkov, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, Opt. Lett. 31, 640 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Park, M. Kulishov, R. Slavik, and J. Azana, Opt. Express 14, 12670 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

1999 (2)

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, Opt. Lett. 24, 1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Carballar, M. A. Muriel, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Azana, J.

Azaña, J.

Y. Park, F. Li, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1798 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Azaña and L. R. Chen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2758 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, Opt. Lett. 24, 1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Carballar, M. A. Muriel, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bernussi, A. A.

Callender, C.

B. Xia, L. R. Chen, P. Dumais, and C. Callender, Electron. Lett. 42, 1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carballar, A.

A. Carballar, M. A. Muriel, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

B. Xia, L. R. Chen, P. Dumais, and C. Callender, Electron. Lett. 42, 1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Azaña and L. R. Chen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2758 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, A. T.

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

Decoster, D.

S. Garidel, D. Lauvernier, J. P. Vilcot, M. Francois, and D. Decoster, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dumais, P.

B. Xia, L. R. Chen, P. Dumais, and C. Callender, Electron. Lett. 42, 1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Francois, M.

S. Garidel, D. Lauvernier, J. P. Vilcot, M. Francois, and D. Decoster, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galili, M.

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

Garidel, S.

S. Garidel, D. Lauvernier, J. P. Vilcot, M. Francois, and D. Decoster, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grave de Peralta, L.

Ibsen, M.

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

Jeppesen, P.

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

Krishnan, A.

Kulishov, M.

Kuryatkov, V.

Lauvernier, D.

S. Garidel, D. Lauvernier, J. P. Vilcot, M. Francois, and D. Decoster, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Y. Park, F. Li, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1798 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Muriel, M. A.

A. Carballar, M. A. Muriel, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, Opt. Lett. 24, 1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Oxenlowe, L. K.

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

Park, Y.

Y. Park, F. Li, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1798 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, M. Kulishov, R. Slavik, and J. Azana, Opt. Express 14, 12670 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parmigiani, F.

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

Petropoulos, P.

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

Richardson, D. J.

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

Slavik, R.

Sorel, M.

M. J. Strain and M. Sorel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2566 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Strain and M. Sorel, “Integrated III-V Bragg gratings for arbitrary control over chirp and coupling coefficient,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Strain, M. J.

M. J. Strain and M. Sorel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2566 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Strain and M. Sorel, “Integrated III-V Bragg gratings for arbitrary control over chirp and coupling coefficient,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Temkin, H.

Vilcot, J. P.

S. Garidel, D. Lauvernier, J. P. Vilcot, M. Francois, and D. Decoster, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xia, B.

B. Xia, L. R. Chen, P. Dumais, and C. Callender, Electron. Lett. 42, 1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zibar, D.

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Xia, L. R. Chen, P. Dumais, and C. Callender, Electron. Lett. 42, 1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. J. Strain and M. Sorel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2566 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Carballar, M. A. Muriel, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, F. Li, and J. Azaña, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1798 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Garidel, D. Lauvernier, J. P. Vilcot, M. Francois, and D. Decoster, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), p. 219.

M. J. Strain and M. Sorel, “Integrated III-V Bragg gratings for arbitrary control over chirp and coupling coefficient,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of an integrated apodized BG; (b) SEM image of a deeply etched sidewall grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Apodization profiles for codes (a) CB , (b) AA , (c) 39, and (d) 66.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup used to measure the temporal response from integrated BG devices. OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal response for codes (a) CB , (b) AA , (c) 39, and (d) 66 recovered from the experimentally measured spectral interference patterns.

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