Abstract

We experimentally and theoretically demonstrate that the atomic coherence can be completely transferred or arbitrarily contributed among the different levels in a four-level atomic (tripod) scheme by a group of coupled pulse sequences. This technique can be applied to the information conversion in slow-light storage, quantum logical gates, and so on, which is based on the atomic coherence effect.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Petrosyan and Y. P. Malakyan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. T. Hioe and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. A 29, 1164 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Unanyan, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 155, 144 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Y. Zhu and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 388 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Wang, D. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Schmidt and A. Imamoglu, Opt. Lett. 21, 1936 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).
  13. H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Karpati, Z. Kis, and P. Adam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 193003 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Z. Kis and F. Renzoni, Phys. Rev. A 65, 032318 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Marte, P. Zoller, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 44, R4118 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. A. Sautenkov, C. Y. Ye, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033406 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Oberst, F. Vewinger, and A. I. Lvovsky, Opt. Lett. 32, 1755 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

M. Oberst, F. Vewinger, and A. I. Lvovsky, Opt. Lett. 32, 1755 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

V. A. Sautenkov, C. Y. Ye, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Karpati, Z. Kis, and P. Adam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 193003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

Z. Kis and F. Renzoni, Phys. Rev. A 65, 032318 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, D. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

D. Petrosyan and Y. P. Malakyan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Unanyan, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 155, 144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1991 (1)

P. Marte, P. Zoller, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 44, R4118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

F. T. Hioe and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. A 29, 1164 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Adam, P.

A. Karpati, Z. Kis, and P. Adam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 193003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergmann, K.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Unanyan, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 155, 144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Du, D. M.

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

Eberly, J. H.

F. T. Hioe and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. A 29, 1164 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez, R. G.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Unanyan, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 155, 144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J. Y.

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

Goorskey, D.

H. Wang, D. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

P. Marte, P. Zoller, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 44, R4118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ham, B. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heinz, M.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hioe, F. T.

F. T. Hioe and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. A 29, 1164 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmidt and A. Imamoglu, Opt. Lett. 21, 1936 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

Kang, Z. H.

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

Karpati, A.

A. Karpati, Z. Kis, and P. Adam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 193003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kis, Z.

A. Karpati, Z. Kis, and P. Adam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 193003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Kis and F. Renzoni, Phys. Rev. A 65, 032318 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. J.

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

Lvovsky, A. I.

Malakyan, Y. P.

D. Petrosyan and Y. P. Malakyan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marte, P.

P. Marte, P. Zoller, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 44, R4118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Musser, J. A.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oberst, M.

Petrosyan, D.

D. Petrosyan and Y. P. Malakyan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Renzoni, F.

Z. Kis and F. Renzoni, Phys. Rev. A 65, 032318 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y. V.

V. A. Sautenkov, C. Y. Ye, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. A.

V. A. Sautenkov, C. Y. Ye, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

Scully, M. O.

V. A. Sautenkov, C. Y. Ye, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Zhu and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 388 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shahriar, M. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

R. Unanyan, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 155, 144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sudarshanam, V. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Theuer, H.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Turukhin, A. V.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Unanyan, R.

R. Unanyan, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 155, 144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vewinger, F.

M. Oberst, F. Vewinger, and A. I. Lvovsky, Opt. Lett. 32, 1755 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vitanov, N. V.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, D. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H. H.

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

Wang, L.

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

Wei, X. G.

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

Welch, G. R.

V. A. Sautenkov, C. Y. Ye, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. H.

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

Xiao, M.

H. Wang, D. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, C. Y.

V. A. Sautenkov, C. Y. Ye, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. Y.

S. Y. Zhu and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 388 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

P. Marte, P. Zoller, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 44, R4118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. H. Wang, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Unanyan, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 155, 144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

H. H. Wang, X. G. Wei, L. Wang, Y. J. Li, D. M. Du, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, Opt. Express 15, 1604 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

Z. Kis and F. Renzoni, Phys. Rev. A 65, 032318 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Marte, P. Zoller, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 44, R4118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, C. Y. Ye, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Petrosyan and Y. P. Malakyan, Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. T. Hioe and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. A 29, 1164 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Zhu and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 388 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, D. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Karpati, Z. Kis, and P. Adam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 193003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Theoretical model. (b) Related energy level diagram of Rb 87 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a1), (b1) Sequences of the coupling pulses: (a1) The peak Rabi frequency of ω 1 , ω 2 and ω 3 is 40 Mhz , and (b1) the peak Rabi frequency of ω 1 , ω 2 and ω 3 is 40 Mhz , 28 Mhz , and 28 Mhz , respectively. (a2), (b2) Square modulus of atomic states probability amplitude. (a3), (b3) Coherence varies with time.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse sequences of the three fields in the experiment. (b) Experimental setup. AOM, acousto-optic modulator; L, lens; P1, P2, λ 2 wave plate; P3, P4: λ 4 wave plate, PBS, polarizing beam splitter; BS, beam splitter; PD, photodiode.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Generated signal fields of ω 2 . (b) The transfer pulse ω 3 is fixed, and ω 2 is tuned from I to II to III. (c) Generated signals I , II , and III respectively corresponding to I, II, and III in (a).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρ 12 = cos θ sin θ .
ρ 12 = cos θ sin θ cos φ ,
ρ 13 = cos θ sin θ sin φ ,
ρ 23 = sin 2 θ cos φ sin φ .

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