Abstract

We have proposed and experimentally demonstrated two novel photonic architectures to generate differential-phase amplitude-shift keying and circular quadrature amplitude modulation signals at microwave/millimeter-wave band based on an electro-optic phase modulator. In our proposed schemes, the electronic driven circuits were greatly simplified by employing the photonic vector modulation technique.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Hansryd, J. van Howe, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1975 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Nazarathy, E. Simony, and Y. Yadin, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2248 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. Liu, Y. Kao, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and L. F. Mollenauer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimmi, Italy, September 2003, paper Th2.6.5.
  4. Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, Z. Li, Q. Wang, W. Kuang, T. H. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, Opt. Lett. 32, 745 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, M. Tang, and P. Shum, Opt. Express 15, 18156 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1320 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 32, 547 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. H. W. Chan and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1252 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

M. Nazarathy, E. Simony, and Y. Yadin, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2248 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. H. W. Chan and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1252 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Hansryd, J. van Howe, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 32, 547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 32, 547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chan, E. H. W.

E. H. W. Chan and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1252 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T. H.

Dennis, M. L.

M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 32, 547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

X. Liu, Y. Kao, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and L. F. Mollenauer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimmi, Italy, September 2003, paper Th2.6.5.

Dong, Y.

Duling, I. N.

M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 32, 547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fu, S.

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, M. Tang, and P. Shum, Opt. Express 15, 18156 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd, J. van Howe, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

He, H.

Hu, W.

Kao, Y.

X. Liu, Y. Kao, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and L. F. Mollenauer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimmi, Italy, September 2003, paper Th2.6.5.

Kuang, W.

Leuthold, J.

X. Liu, Y. Kao, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and L. F. Mollenauer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimmi, Italy, September 2003, paper Th2.6.5.

Li, J.

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, M. Tang, and P. Shum, Opt. Express 15, 18156 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

Lin, J.

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, Y. Kao, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and L. F. Mollenauer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimmi, Italy, September 2003, paper Th2.6.5.

Lu, C.

Minasian, R. A.

E. H. W. Chan and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1252 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

X. Liu, Y. Kao, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and L. F. Mollenauer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimmi, Italy, September 2003, paper Th2.6.5.

Nazarathy, M.

Shum, P.

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, M. Tang, and P. Shum, Opt. Express 15, 18156 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simony, E.

Tang, M.

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, M. Tang, and P. Shum, Opt. Express 15, 18156 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Howe, J.

J. Hansryd, J. van Howe, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Wang, Y.

Wen, Y. J.

Wu, J.

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, M. Tang, and P. Shum, Opt. Express 15, 18156 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, C.

J. Hansryd, J. van Howe, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K.

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, M. Tang, and P. Shum, Opt. Express 15, 18156 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yadin, Y.

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 32, 547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

E. H. W. Chan and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1252 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, J. van Howe, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

X. Liu, Y. Kao, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and L. F. Mollenauer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimmi, Italy, September 2003, paper Th2.6.5.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic principle configuration of the proposed DPASK/QAM PVM system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Constellation diagrams of (a) 4DPASK and (b) 4QAM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of the proposed DPASK/QAM PVM system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectrum of the DPASK signal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Constellation diagram of DPASK signal; (b) and (c) eye diagrams of the DPASK signal before and after 25 km SMF transmission.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER measurement. (a) and (c) Downconverted eye diagrams of the Q-component in B-T-B systems and after 25 km transmission; (b) and (d) downconverted eye diagrams of the I-component in B-T-B systems and after 25 km transmission.

Equations (4)

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E ( t ) A ( t ) { E LD exp j [ ( ω LD ω RF ) t + φ c ( t ) ] + E LD exp j [ ( ω LD + ω RF ) t + φ s ( t ) ] } ,
Δ ϕ ( t ) = ϕ c ( t ) ϕ s ( t ) = π V ( t ) V π [ 1 sin ( ω τ ) ω τ ] ,
i PD E ( t ) A 2 ( t ) cos [ 2 ω RF t + ϕ c ( t ) ϕ s ( t ) ] = A 2 ( t ) cos [ 2 ω RF t + Δ ϕ ( t ) ] .
i QAM A 2 ( t ) cos { 2 ω RF t + π V ( t ) + γ A ( t ) V π [ 1 sin ( ω τ ) ω τ ] } ,

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