Abstract

We report on an experimental analysis of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in a 20-m-long highly birefringent microstructure fiber for sensing applications. In particular, an experimental setup based on Brillouin optical frequency-domain analysis, operating at a wavelength of 1550nm, has been employed in order to analyze the distribution of Brillouin frequency shift along the fiber, as well as to study the dependence of Brillouin frequency shift on optical polarization, temperature, and strain. Our results indicate that, for any fixed polarization, the fiber has a dual-peaked Brillouin spectrum. A study about the origin of these two peaks is presented.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (5)

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, D. Alasia, H. Maillotte, V. Laude, A. Monteville, L. Provino, N. Traynor, S. F. Mafang, and L. Thévenaz, Opt. Express 15, 15517 (2007).
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J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Bernini, A. Minardo, and L. Zeni, Sens. Actuators A 134, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
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2006 (1)

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Nat. Phys. 2, 388 (2006).
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2005 (2)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (2)

1989 (1)

Alasia, D.

Azuma, Y.

Bao, X.

Berghmans, F.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bernini, R.

R. Bernini, A. Minardo, and L. Zeni, Sens. Actuators A 134, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beugnot, C.

Chen, L.

Czyzewska, L.

J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dainese, P.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Nat. Phys. 2, 388 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Enomori, I.

I. Enomori, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 876 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fragnito, H. L.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Nat. Phys. 2, 388 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Golojuch, G.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Janoszczyk, B.

J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Joly, N.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Nat. Phys. 2, 388 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khelif, A.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Nat. Phys. 2, 388 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Klimek, J.

J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Nat. Phys. 2, 388 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koshiba, M.

Laude, V.

C. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, D. Alasia, H. Maillotte, V. Laude, A. Monteville, L. Provino, N. Traynor, S. F. Mafang, and L. Thévenaz, Opt. Express 15, 15517 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Nat. Phys. 2, 388 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mafang, S. F.

Maillotte, H.

Makara, M.

J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martynkien, T.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbanczyk, Opt. Commun. 241, pp. 339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McCurdy, A. H.

McElhenny, J. E.

Mergo, P.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Minardo, A.

R. Bernini, A. Minardo, and L. Zeni, Sens. Actuators A 134, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Monteville, A.

Nasilowski, T.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

Olszewski, J.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pattnaik, R. K.

Peng, J.

Pi, Y.

Poturaj, K.

J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Provino, L.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Nat. Phys. 2, 388 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

Shibata, N.

Skorupski, K.

J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Statkiewicz, G.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbanczyk, Opt. Commun. 241, pp. 339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sylvestre, T.

Szpulak, M.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

Thienpont, H.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

Traynor, N.

Urbanczyk, W.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbanczyk, Opt. Commun. 241, pp. 339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walewski, A.

J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wiederhecker, G. S.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Nat. Phys. 2, 388 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wojcik, J.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wójcik, J.

J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Q.

Zeni, L.

R. Bernini, A. Minardo, and L. Zeni, Sens. Actuators A 134, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Zou, L.

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

I. Enomori, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 876 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Gołojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3055 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Nat. Phys. 2, 388 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbanczyk, Opt. Commun. 241, pp. 339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Wójcik, B. Janoszczyk, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, A. Walewski, P. Mergo, J. Klimek, K. Skorupski, and L. Czyżewska, Proc. SPIE 6608, 660803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A (1)

R. Bernini, A. Minardo, and L. Zeni, Sens. Actuators A 134, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the BOFDA measurement in the MSF. DFB, distributed-feedback laser; EOM, electro-optic modulator; PC, polarization controller; PD, photodetector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Gain spectrum evolution along the MSF with a spatial resolution of 2 m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Brillouin spectrum at a generic fiber section under x- (solid curve) and y- (long-dashed curve) polarizations. The figure also shows the calculated acousto-optic coupling coefficient for Brillouin scattering along a silica rod of 2.25 μ m radius (short-dashed curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Temperature and (b) strain sensitivity of Brillouin frequency shift of the main peak for x (solid line) and y (dashed line) polarization.

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