Li’s Fourier factorization rule [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1870 (1996) ] was recently shown to be problematic to apply to highly conducting metallic gratings. We provide further information about the applicability of different differential methods and are concerned with the relation of observed numerical artifacts, the total number of retained space harmonics, the presence of both positive and negative permittivity inside the groove region, and the validity of Li’s inverse rule. Two different cases corresponding to lossless and low-loss binary metallic gratings are considered, and it is shown that an increase in the number of retained space harmonics can relieve the presence of numerical artifacts.
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