Abstract

Coherent optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) has recently been demonstrated beyond 100Gbs using orthogonal band multiplexing (OBM). OBM-OFDM gives a multitude of benefits in implementing high-speed optical OFDM transmission. We investigate the system sensitivity to the guard band of OBM-OFDM. The result suggests that when the guard band equals a multiple of the subcarrier spacing, the Q penalty practically vanishes. We also show that two OFDM bands can be demodulated simultaneously with one fast Fourier transform, owing to interband orthogonality, and its performance is almost the same as one-band detection.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Q. Yang, J. Opt. Netw. 7, 234 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Qi. Yang, Y. Ma, and W. Shieh, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conference (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP 7.
  3. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conference (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP 2.
  4. E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.
  5. T. Healy, F. C. Garcia Gunning, E. Pincemin, B. Cuenot, and A. D. Ellis, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper Mo1.3.5.
  6. A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 504 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.
  8. Y. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Yu, T. Luo, A. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, in Proceedings of the Europe Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2003), paper Th3.2.4.
  9. W. Shieh, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), workshop 5.
  10. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita and H. Tanaka, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2007), paper PD1.3.
  11. J. Armstrong, IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 365 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Armstrong, IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 365 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J.

J. Armstrong, IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 365 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cuenot, B.

T. Healy, F. C. Garcia Gunning, E. Pincemin, B. Cuenot, and A. D. Ellis, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper Mo1.3.5.

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Healy, F. C. Garcia Gunning, E. Pincemin, B. Cuenot, and A. D. Ellis, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper Mo1.3.5.

Garcia Gunning, F. C.

T. Healy, F. C. Garcia Gunning, E. Pincemin, B. Cuenot, and A. D. Ellis, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper Mo1.3.5.

Gunning, F. C. G.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hagimoto, K.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

Healy, T.

T. Healy, F. C. Garcia Gunning, E. Pincemin, B. Cuenot, and A. D. Ellis, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper Mo1.3.5.

Hibino, Y.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

Inuzuka, F.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

Ishihara, K.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

Jansen, S. L.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita and H. Tanaka, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2007), paper PD1.3.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conference (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP 2.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

Luo, T.

Y. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Yu, T. Luo, A. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, in Proceedings of the Europe Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2003), paper Th3.2.4.

Ma, Y.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Q. Yang, J. Opt. Netw. 7, 234 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qi. Yang, Y. Ma, and W. Shieh, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conference (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP 7.

Masuda, H.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

Miyamoto, Y.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

Morita, I.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita and H. Tanaka, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2007), paper PD1.3.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conference (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP 2.

Okada, K.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

Pan, Z.

Y. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Yu, T. Luo, A. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, in Proceedings of the Europe Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2003), paper Th3.2.4.

Pincemin, E.

T. Healy, F. C. Garcia Gunning, E. Pincemin, B. Cuenot, and A. D. Ellis, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper Mo1.3.5.

Sahin, A.

Y. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Yu, T. Luo, A. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, in Proceedings of the Europe Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2003), paper Th3.2.4.

Sakamaki, Y.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

Sano, A.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Q. Yang, J. Opt. Netw. 7, 234 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), workshop 5.

Qi. Yang, Y. Ma, and W. Shieh, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conference (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP 7.

Takatori, Y.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

Tanaka, H.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conference (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP 2.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita and H. Tanaka, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2007), paper PD1.3.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Yu, T. Luo, A. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, in Proceedings of the Europe Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2003), paper Th3.2.4.

Willner, A. E.

Y. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Yu, T. Luo, A. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, in Proceedings of the Europe Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2003), paper Th3.2.4.

Yamada, E.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

Yamada, T.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

Yamazaki, H.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

Yang, Q.

Yang, Qi.

Qi. Yang, Y. Ma, and W. Shieh, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conference (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP 7.

Yi, X.

Yoshida, E.

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

Yu, C.

Y. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Yu, T. Luo, A. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, in Proceedings of the Europe Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2003), paper Th3.2.4.

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

J. Armstrong, IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 365 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Other (8)

A. Sano, E. Yoshida, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper PD 1.7.

Y. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Yu, T. Luo, A. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, in Proceedings of the Europe Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2003), paper Th3.2.4.

W. Shieh, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), workshop 5.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita and H. Tanaka, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2007), paper PD1.3.

Qi. Yang, Y. Ma, and W. Shieh, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conference (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP 7.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conference (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP 2.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP8.

T. Healy, F. C. Garcia Gunning, E. Pincemin, B. Cuenot, and A. D. Ellis, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2007), paper Mo1.3.5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of OBM-OFDM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for OBM-OFDM: PS, phase shifter; IM, intensity modulator; PM, phase modulator; BR, balanced receiver.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SNR sensitivity performance of two edge subcarriers at (a) back-to-back and (b) 1000 km transmission. The guard band is normalized to the subcarrier spacing. The solid curves are the interpolations using the expression (1).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER sensitivity performance for one-band and two-band detection after 1000 km transmission.

Equations (1)

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Pen = A i = 0 N s c 1 sin 2 ( π ( x + i ) ) ( x + i ) 2 A sin 2 ( x ) x 1 y 2 d y = A sin 2 ( x ) x ,

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