Abstract

We demonstrate an electrically tunable Sagnac filter based on a photonic bandgap fiber that is realized by infusing liquid crystal into a solid-core air-hole photonic crystal fiber. The filter enables an electrical tuning with a range of about 26nm for one single interference minimum in the transmission bandgap from 1330to1650nm wavelength. The tuning efficiency is averaged to 0.53nmV.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, A. Hale, T. A. Strasser, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Abeeluck, A. K.

Abramov, A. A.

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Alkeskjold, T.

Alkeskjold, T. T.

Anawati, A.

Bassi, P.

Birks, T. A.

Bise, R. T.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 466.
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

Broeng, J.

Burdge, G. L.

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, A. Hale, T. A. Strasser, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Dong, X.

Du, J.

Eggleton, B. J.

N. M. Litchinitser, A. K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Lett. 27, 1592 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. P. White, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, N. M. Litchinitser, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Lett. 27, 1977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. S. Westbrook, R. S. Windeler, and A. Hale, Opt. Express 9, 698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, A. Hale, T. A. Strasser, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 466.
[CrossRef]

Engan, H. E.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Espindola, R. P.

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

Haakestad, M. W.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hale, A.

B. J. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. S. Westbrook, R. S. Windeler, and A. Hale, Opt. Express 9, 698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, A. Hale, T. A. Strasser, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Headley, C.

Hermann, D.

Jin, L.

Kai, G.

Kerbage, C.

B. J. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. S. Westbrook, R. S. Windeler, and A. Hale, Opt. Express 9, 698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 466.
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kranz, K. S.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 466.
[CrossRef]

Lægsgaard, J.

Larsen, T.

Li, J.

Litchinitser, N. M.

Liu, B.

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

McPhedran, R. C.

Nielsen, M.

Nielsen, M. D.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Noordegraaf, D.

Riishede, J.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Scolari, T. Alkeskjold, J. Riishede, A. Bjarklev, D. Hermann, A. Anawati, M. Nielsen, and P. Bassi, Opt. Express 13, 7483 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rindorf, L.

Rogers, J. A.

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Scolari, L.

Strasser, T. A.

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, A. Hale, T. A. Strasser, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Trevor, D. J.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 466.
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Westbrook, P. S.

B. J. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. S. Westbrook, R. S. Windeler, and A. Hale, Opt. Express 9, 698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, A. Hale, T. A. Strasser, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

White, T. P.

Windeler, R. S.

B. J. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. S. Westbrook, R. S. Windeler, and A. Hale, Opt. Express 9, 698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, A. Hale, T. A. Strasser, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 466.
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

Yuan, S.

Zhang, W.

Zhou, G.

Zou, B.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, A. Hale, T. A. Strasser, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 466.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sectional images of the PCF we used in this study, (a) before and (b) after the infusion of LC.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectrum of the LC-PBGF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the proposed electronically tunable Sagnac filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Bandgap transmission spectra of the Sagnac filter when the LC-PBGF was inserted into the Sagnac loop.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectrum’s variation along with the increase of the voltage from 40 V to 48 , 57 , 72 , and 88 V . The inset in Fig. 5a is the spectrum when the voltage is 108 V .

Equations (4)

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P = 1 2 [ 1 cos ( 2 π L B λ ) ] ,
S = λ 2 B L , B = λ 2 S L .
Δ λ = λ d B B .
P = ( 1 2 k ) 2 .

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