Abstract

We demonstrate high bit rate electro-optic modulation in a resonant micrometer-scale silicon modulator over an ambient temperature range of 15 K. We show that low bit error rates can be achieved by varying the bias current through the device to thermally counteract the ambient temperature changes. Robustness in the presence of thermal variations can enable a wide variety of applications for dense on chip electronic photonic integration.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Schmidt, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 3140 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. S. J. Spector, M. W. Geis, G.-R. Zhou, M. E. Grein, F. Gan, M. A. Popovic, J. U. Yoon, D. M. Lennon, E. P. Ippen, F. Z. Kärtner, and T. M. Lyszczarz, Opt. Express 16, 11027 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 13035 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. Shake, H. Tikara, and S. Kawanishi, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1296 (2004).
  12. A. X. Widmer, and P. A. Franaszek, IBM J. Res. Dev. 27, 440 (1983).
  13. F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.
  14. A. Naveh, E. Rotem, A. Mendelson, S. Gochman, R. Chabukswar, K. Krishnan, and A. Kumar, Intel Technol. J. 10, 109 (2007).
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2008 (1)

2007 (4)

2006 (2)

L. Zhou and A. W. Poon, Opt. Express 14, 6851 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Lipson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Shake, H. Tikara, and S. Kawanishi, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1296 (2004).

1989 (1)

W. L. Yang, T. F. Lei, and C. L. Lee, Solid-State Electron. 32, 997 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

A. X. Widmer, and P. A. Franaszek, IBM J. Res. Dev. 27, 440 (1983).

1967 (1)

Y. P. Varshni, Physica (Amsterdam) 34, 149 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Barwicz, T.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.

Chabukswar, R.

A. Naveh, E. Rotem, A. Mendelson, S. Gochman, R. Chabukswar, K. Krishnan, and A. Kumar, Intel Technol. J. 10, 109 (2007).

Cohen, O.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dahlem, M. S.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.

Franaszek, P. A.

A. X. Widmer, and P. A. Franaszek, IBM J. Res. Dev. 27, 440 (1983).

Gan, F.

S. J. Spector, M. W. Geis, G.-R. Zhou, M. E. Grein, F. Gan, M. A. Popovic, J. U. Yoon, D. M. Lennon, E. P. Ippen, F. Z. Kärtner, and T. M. Lyszczarz, Opt. Express 16, 11027 (2008).

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.

Geis, M. W.

Gochman, S.

A. Naveh, E. Rotem, A. Mendelson, S. Gochman, R. Chabukswar, K. Krishnan, and A. Kumar, Intel Technol. J. 10, 109 (2007).

Green, W. M.

Grein, M. E.

Holzwarth, C. W.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.

Ippen, E. P.

S. J. Spector, M. W. Geis, G.-R. Zhou, M. E. Grein, F. Gan, M. A. Popovic, J. U. Yoon, D. M. Lennon, E. P. Ippen, F. Z. Kärtner, and T. M. Lyszczarz, Opt. Express 16, 11027 (2008).

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.

Jones, R.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.

Kärtner, F. Z.

Kawanishi, S.

Krishnan, K.

A. Naveh, E. Rotem, A. Mendelson, S. Gochman, R. Chabukswar, K. Krishnan, and A. Kumar, Intel Technol. J. 10, 109 (2007).

Kumar, A.

A. Naveh, E. Rotem, A. Mendelson, S. Gochman, R. Chabukswar, K. Krishnan, and A. Kumar, Intel Technol. J. 10, 109 (2007).

Lee, C. L.

W. L. Yang, T. F. Lei, and C. L. Lee, Solid-State Electron. 32, 997 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lei, T. F.

W. L. Yang, T. F. Lei, and C. L. Lee, Solid-State Electron. 32, 997 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lennon, D. M.

Liao, L.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 13035 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Schmidt, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 3140 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Lipson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2007) (IEEE, 2007), p. 537.

Liu, A.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lyszczarz, T. M.

Manipatruni, S.

B. Schmidt, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 3140 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 13035 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2007) (IEEE, 2007), p. 537.

Mendelson, A.

A. Naveh, E. Rotem, A. Mendelson, S. Gochman, R. Chabukswar, K. Krishnan, and A. Kumar, Intel Technol. J. 10, 109 (2007).

Naveh, A.

A. Naveh, E. Rotem, A. Mendelson, S. Gochman, R. Chabukswar, K. Krishnan, and A. Kumar, Intel Technol. J. 10, 109 (2007).

Nicolaescu, R.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poon, A. W.

Popovic, M. A.

S. J. Spector, M. W. Geis, G.-R. Zhou, M. E. Grein, F. Gan, M. A. Popovic, J. U. Yoon, D. M. Lennon, E. P. Ippen, F. Z. Kärtner, and T. M. Lyszczarz, Opt. Express 16, 11027 (2008).

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rakich, P. T.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.

Rooks, M. J.

Rotem, E.

A. Naveh, E. Rotem, A. Mendelson, S. Gochman, R. Chabukswar, K. Krishnan, and A. Kumar, Intel Technol. J. 10, 109 (2007).

Rubin, D.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Samara-Rubio, D.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B.

B. Schmidt, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 3140 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2007) (IEEE, 2007), p. 537.

Sekaric, L.

Shake, I.

Shakya, J.

B. Schmidt, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 3140 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2007) (IEEE, 2007), p. 537.

Smith, H. I.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.

Spector, S. J.

Tikara, H.

Varshni, Y. P.

Y. P. Varshni, Physica (Amsterdam) 34, 149 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Widmer, A. X.

A. X. Widmer, and P. A. Franaszek, IBM J. Res. Dev. 27, 440 (1983).

Xu, Q.

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 13035 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Schmidt, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 3140 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2007) (IEEE, 2007), p. 537.

Yang, W. L.

W. L. Yang, T. F. Lei, and C. L. Lee, Solid-State Electron. 32, 997 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, J. U.

Zhou, G.-R.

Zhou, L.

IBM J. Res. Dev. (1)

A. X. Widmer, and P. A. Franaszek, IBM J. Res. Dev. 27, 440 (1983).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Lipson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Intel Technol. J. (1)

A. Naveh, E. Rotem, A. Mendelson, S. Gochman, R. Chabukswar, K. Krishnan, and A. Kumar, Intel Technol. J. 10, 109 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nature (2)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Physica (Amsterdam) (1)

Y. P. Varshni, Physica (Amsterdam) 34, 149 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Solid-State Electron. (1)

W. L. Yang, T. F. Lei, and C. L. Lee, Solid-State Electron. 32, 997 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2007) (IEEE, 2007), p. 537.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2007), pp. 67-68.

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