Abstract

Simultaneous detection of multitrace gas is still a challenge. Near-confocal cavity-enhanced Raman spectroscopy is proposed and demonstrated for simultaneous detection of multitracegas. With a 200mW incident laser, the excitation power of >9W forms at two foci of the near-confocal cavity owing to the beam being reflected 50 times. High-power excitation light greatly enhances the detection sensitivity of the Raman system. Using this cavity-enhancing technique, high-sensitivity detection of the mixture of eight gases with same volume ratio has been achieved. This technique may be applied for detecting multitrace gas in many areas.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

M. Triki, P. Cermak, G. M'ejean, and D. Romanini, Appl. Phys. B 91, 195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

L. Dong, W. B. Yin, W. G. Ma, L. Zhang, and S. T. Jia, Sens. Actuators B 127, 350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Thorpe, D. D. Hudson, K. D. Moll, J. Lasri, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 32, 307 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

M. Fink, and J. Campbell, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 036113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

S. Ohara, S. Yamaguchi, M. Endo, Ke. Nanri, and T. Fujioka, Opt. Rev. 10, 342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. F. Thang, R. K. Aggarwal, A. J. McGrail, and D. G. Esp, IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 18, 1241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. Benson, G. Neil, and M. Shinn, Proc. SPIE 4632, 115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1992 (2)

1990 (1)

C. B. Carlisle and D. E. Cooper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 805 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1980 (1)

1977 (1)

Adams, F. W.

Adler-Golden, S. M.

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[CrossRef]

Belfadhel-Ayeb, A.

Benner, R. E.

R. E. Benner, L. M. Smith, M. W. Pan, C. W. Johnson, D. D. Knowlton, and R. Price, Diode Laser Raman Scattering Prototype Gas-Phase Environmental Monitoring, report A685973 (Process Instruments, Inc., 1999).

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S. Benson, G. Neil, and M. Shinn, Proc. SPIE 4632, 115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Berg, R. W.

Bien, F.

Campbell, J.

M. Fink, and J. Campbell, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 036113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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C. B. Carlisle and D. E. Cooper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 805 (1990).
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Cermak, P.

M. Triki, P. Cermak, G. M'ejean, and D. Romanini, Appl. Phys. B 91, 195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Cheng, W. K.

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C. B. Carlisle and D. E. Cooper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 805 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Diller, D. E.

Dong, L.

L. Dong, W. B. Yin, W. G. Ma, L. Zhang, and S. T. Jia, Sens. Actuators B 127, 350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dube, P.

Endo, M.

S. Ohara, S. Yamaguchi, M. Endo, Ke. Nanri, and T. Fujioka, Opt. Rev. 10, 342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Esp, D. G.

K. F. Thang, R. K. Aggarwal, A. J. McGrail, and D. G. Esp, IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 18, 1241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fink, M.

M. Fink, and J. Campbell, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 036113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fujioka, T.

S. Ohara, S. Yamaguchi, M. Endo, Ke. Nanri, and T. Fujioka, Opt. Rev. 10, 342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gersh, M. E.

Goldstein, N.

Hackett, C. E.

Hall, J. L.

Hansen, S. B.

Hargis, P. J.

Hill, R. A.

Hudson, D. D.

Jia, S. T.

L. Dong, W. B. Yin, W. G. Ma, L. Zhang, and S. T. Jia, Sens. Actuators B 127, 350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, C. W.

R. E. Benner, L. M. Smith, M. W. Pan, C. W. Johnson, D. D. Knowlton, and R. Price, Diode Laser Raman Scattering Prototype Gas-Phase Environmental Monitoring, report A685973 (Process Instruments, Inc., 1999).

Knowlton, D. D.

R. E. Benner, L. M. Smith, M. W. Pan, C. W. Johnson, D. D. Knowlton, and R. Price, Diode Laser Raman Scattering Prototype Gas-Phase Environmental Monitoring, report A685973 (Process Instruments, Inc., 1999).

Krüsemann, P. V. E.

Kumar, P. C.

Lasri, J.

Ma, L. S.

Ma, W. G.

L. Dong, W. B. Yin, W. G. Ma, L. Zhang, and S. T. Jia, Sens. Actuators B 127, 350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mank, A. J. G.

Matthew, M. W.

McGrail, A. J.

K. F. Thang, R. K. Aggarwal, A. J. McGrail, and D. G. Esp, IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 18, 1241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M'ejean, G.

M. Triki, P. Cermak, G. M'ejean, and D. Romanini, Appl. Phys. B 91, 195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K. D.

Mulac, A. J.

Nanri, Ke.

S. Ohara, S. Yamaguchi, M. Endo, Ke. Nanri, and T. Fujioka, Opt. Rev. 10, 342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Neil, G.

S. Benson, G. Neil, and M. Shinn, Proc. SPIE 4632, 115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Notten, P. H. L.

Ohara, S.

S. Ohara, S. Yamaguchi, M. Endo, Ke. Nanri, and T. Fujioka, Opt. Rev. 10, 342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pan, M. W.

R. E. Benner, L. M. Smith, M. W. Pan, C. W. Johnson, D. D. Knowlton, and R. Price, Diode Laser Raman Scattering Prototype Gas-Phase Environmental Monitoring, report A685973 (Process Instruments, Inc., 1999).

Price, R.

R. E. Benner, L. M. Smith, M. W. Pan, C. W. Johnson, D. D. Knowlton, and R. Price, Diode Laser Raman Scattering Prototype Gas-Phase Environmental Monitoring, report A685973 (Process Instruments, Inc., 1999).

Romanini, D.

M. Triki, P. Cermak, G. M'ejean, and D. Romanini, Appl. Phys. B 91, 195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley and Sons, 1991), Chap. 9.
[CrossRef]

Shinn, M.

S. Benson, G. Neil, and M. Shinn, Proc. SPIE 4632, 115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. M.

R. E. Benner, L. M. Smith, M. W. Pan, C. W. Johnson, D. D. Knowlton, and R. Price, Diode Laser Raman Scattering Prototype Gas-Phase Environmental Monitoring, report A685973 (Process Instruments, Inc., 1999).

Stenby, E. H.

Tai, H.

H. Tai, K. Yamamoto, and M. Uchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley and Sons, 1991), Chap. 9.
[CrossRef]

Thang, K. F.

K. F. Thang, R. K. Aggarwal, A. J. McGrail, and D. G. Esp, IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 18, 1241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thorpe, M. J.

Triki, M.

M. Triki, P. Cermak, G. M'ejean, and D. Romanini, Appl. Phys. B 91, 195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, M.

H. Tai, K. Yamamoto, and M. Uchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wehrmeyer, J. A.

Yamaguchi, S.

S. Ohara, S. Yamaguchi, M. Endo, Ke. Nanri, and T. Fujioka, Opt. Rev. 10, 342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

H. Tai, K. Yamamoto, and M. Uchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Yin, W. B.

L. Dong, W. B. Yin, W. G. Ma, L. Zhang, and S. T. Jia, Sens. Actuators B 127, 350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Dong, W. B. Yin, W. G. Ma, L. Zhang, and S. T. Jia, Sens. Actuators B 127, 350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Triki, P. Cermak, G. M'ejean, and D. Romanini, Appl. Phys. B 91, 195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. B. Carlisle and D. E. Cooper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 805 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (4)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Tai, K. Yamamoto, and M. Uchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. (1)

K. F. Thang, R. K. Aggarwal, A. J. McGrail, and D. G. Esp, IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 18, 1241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Rev. (1)

S. Ohara, S. Yamaguchi, M. Endo, Ke. Nanri, and T. Fujioka, Opt. Rev. 10, 342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Benson, G. Neil, and M. Shinn, Proc. SPIE 4632, 115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. Fink, and J. Campbell, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 036113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

L. Dong, W. B. Yin, W. G. Ma, L. Zhang, and S. T. Jia, Sens. Actuators B 127, 350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

V. L. Chupp, U.S. patent 3,704,951 (December 5, 1972).

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley and Sons, 1991), Chap. 9.
[CrossRef]

R. E. Benner, L. M. Smith, M. W. Pan, C. W. Johnson, D. D. Knowlton, and R. Price, Diode Laser Raman Scattering Prototype Gas-Phase Environmental Monitoring, report A685973 (Process Instruments, Inc., 1999).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of near-confocal cavity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Raman spectra of the mixture of eight gases with same volume ratio.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Raman Stokes spectra for C H 4 1% molar volume ratio in a base of argon at pressure 51.6 mbar .

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