Abstract

We have shown that the broadband near-IR (NIR) fluorescence recently discovered in Bi-doped glasses is not specific due solely to Bi ions. Glasses doped with different 6p (Bi, Pb) and 5p (Sn, Sb) ions exhibit very similar behavior characterized by four major spectral peaks observed in two-dimensional excitation–emission plots and the lifetime of metastable level of about 400μs. Our results challenge the existing models of optical centers in Bi-doped glasses. Point defect optical centers caused by the presence of 6p (Bi, Pb) and 5p (Sn, Sb) ions are proposed for the explanation of NIR emission in these laser materials.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2007 (8)

M. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, and R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 32, 3489 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sharonov, A. Bykov, T. Myint, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Commun. 275, 123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Dianov, A. Shubin, M. Melkumov, O. Medvedkov, and I. Bufetov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Murata and T. Mouri, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261110-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Seo, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Opt. Commun. 266, 169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

O. Shestakov, R. Breidohr, H. Demes, K. D. Setzer, and E. H. Fink, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 190, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

G. Li, M. Nogami, and Y. Abe, Phys. Rev. B 51, 14930 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. Balasubramanian and D. W. Liao, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 3064 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Abe, Y.

G. Li, M. Nogami, and Y. Abe, Phys. Rev. B 51, 14930 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R.

Alfano, R. R.

Arai, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261110-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Balasubramanian, K.

K. Balasubramanian and D. W. Liao, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 3064 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Beall, G. H.

Bigot, L.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N.

Bouwmans, G.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Breidohr, R.

O. Shestakov, R. Breidohr, H. Demes, K. D. Setzer, and E. H. Fink, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 190, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bufetov, I.

Bykov, A.

Bykov, A. B.

Chen, D.

Chen, J. C.

Demes, H.

O. Shestakov, R. Breidohr, H. Demes, K. D. Setzer, and E. H. Fink, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 190, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Denker, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Dianov, A. Shubin, M. Melkumov, O. Medvedkov, and I. Bufetov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fink, E. H.

O. Shestakov, R. Breidohr, H. Demes, K. D. Setzer, and E. H. Fink, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 190, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fraga, Serafin

Serafin Fraga, Jacek Karwowski, and K. M. S. Saxena, in Handbook of Atomic Data (Elsevier, 1976).

Fujimoto, Y.

Y.-S. Seo, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Opt. Commun. 266, 169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, H.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Galagan, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K.-Y.

Huang, S. L.

Jiang, X.

Kanabe, T.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Karwowski, Jacek

Serafin Fraga, Jacek Karwowski, and K. M. S. Saxena, in Handbook of Atomic Data (Elsevier, 1976).

Khonthon, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

G. Li, M. Nogami, and Y. Abe, Phys. Rev. B 51, 14930 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liao, D. W.

K. Balasubramanian and D. W. Liao, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 3064 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lo, C. Y.

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O.

Melkumov, M.

Meng, X.

Morimoto, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mouri, T.

T. Murata and T. Mouri, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Murata, K.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murata, T.

T. Murata and T. Mouri, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Myint, T.

M. Sharonov, A. Bykov, T. Myint, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Commun. 275, 123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y.-S. Seo, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Opt. Commun. 266, 169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

G. Li, M. Nogami, and Y. Abe, Phys. Rev. B 51, 14930 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261110-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Owen, S.

Peng, M.

Petricevic, V.

Pureur, V.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Razdobreev, I.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saxena, K. M. S.

Serafin Fraga, Jacek Karwowski, and K. M. S. Saxena, in Handbook of Atomic Data (Elsevier, 1976).

Seo, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Seo, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Opt. Commun. 266, 169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Setzer, K. D.

O. Shestakov, R. Breidohr, H. Demes, K. D. Setzer, and E. H. Fink, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 190, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharonov, M.

Shestakov, O.

O. Shestakov, R. Breidohr, H. Demes, K. D. Setzer, and E. H. Fink, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 190, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shubin, A.

Suzuki, T.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261110-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sverchkov, S.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tu, S. Y.

Umnikov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q.

Zhu, C.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261110-1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Eng. Des. (1)

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. (1)

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

K. Balasubramanian and D. W. Liao, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 3064 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

O. Shestakov, R. Breidohr, H. Demes, K. D. Setzer, and E. H. Fink, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 190, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

T. Murata and T. Mouri, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. Sharonov, A. Bykov, T. Myint, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Commun. 275, 123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Seo, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Opt. Commun. 266, 169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. Li, M. Nogami, and Y. Abe, Phys. Rev. B 51, 14930 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Serafin Fraga, Jacek Karwowski, and K. M. S. Saxena, in Handbook of Atomic Data (Elsevier, 1976).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fluorescence spectra of germanate glasses doped with 1 mol. % of Bi 2 O 3 , PbO, Sn O 2 , and Sb 2 O 3 and codoped with 12 mol. % of Al F 3 on excitation at (a) 514, (b) 680, (c) 800, and (d) 980 nm . The plots are vertically shifted for clarity; fluorescence intensity is about zero at 1800 nm for all samples.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Contour plots of fluorescence intensity for (a) Bi- and (b) Pb-doped ( Al F 3 co-doped) germanate glasses. Sn and Sb plots are similar; for details see Table 1.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Positions (Excitation, Emission) and Relative Intensities of A, B, C, and D Peaks (Fig. 2)

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