Abstract

We introduce a nonscanning, time-domain sensitive phase measurement of Raman-active vibrations. Coherent vibrations are set up by impulsive stimulated Raman scattering and probed by spectral interferometry using a time-delayed pair of probe and reference pulses. The probe–reference pair is chirped, and the instantaneous frequency sweep maps spectral phase encoded in the pulses to the time-domain vibrational motion, allowing measurements to be made without a time-consuming pump–probe delay scan.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. H. Lim, A. G. Caster, and S. R. Leone, Phys. Rev. A 72, 041803 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. J. Lee and M. T. Cicerone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041108 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6563 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Hartinger and R. A. Bartels, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021126 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Shalit, Y. Paskover, and Y. Prior, Chem. Phys. Lett. 450, 408 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. W. Hellwarth, Prog. Quantum Electron. 5, 1 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. J. A. Valdmanis, in Ultrafast Phenomena V (Springer, 1987), p. 82 (1986).
  15. A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Lesaux, and F. Salin, J. Phys. D 24, 1225 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Hartinger and R. A. Bartels, Opt. Lett. 31, 3526 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. W. Wilson, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, Chem. Phys. Lett. (to be published).
  19. P. Schlup, J. Wilson, K. Hartinger, and R. A. Bartels, Appl. Opt. 46, 5967 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. Barkhuijsen, R. de Beer, W. Bovee, and D. van Ormondt, J. Magn. Reson. 61, 465 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. W. Tufts and R. Kumaresan, Proc. IEEE 70, 975 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Schlup, J. W. Wilson, and R. A. Bartels, “Sensitive and selective detection of low-frequency vibrational modes through a phase-shifting two-dimensional Fourier transform spectroscopy” (submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.).
  23. P. Vohringer and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 2684 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

Y. J. Lee and M. T. Cicerone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Hartinger and R. A. Bartels, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalit, Y. Paskover, and Y. Prior, Chem. Phys. Lett. 450, 408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Hartinger and R. A. Bartels, Opt. Lett. 31, 3526 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

S. H. Lim, A. G. Caster, and S. R. Leone, Phys. Rev. A 72, 041803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

P. Vohringer and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 2684 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Lesaux, and F. Salin, J. Phys. D 24, 1225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

H. Barkhuijsen, R. de Beer, W. Bovee, and D. van Ormondt, J. Magn. Reson. 61, 465 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

D. W. Tufts and R. Kumaresan, Proc. IEEE 70, 975 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

R. W. Hellwarth, Prog. Quantum Electron. 5, 1 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barkhuijsen, H.

H. Barkhuijsen, R. de Beer, W. Bovee, and D. van Ormondt, J. Magn. Reson. 61, 465 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R. A.

K. Hartinger and R. A. Bartels, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Schlup, J. Wilson, K. Hartinger, and R. A. Bartels, Appl. Opt. 46, 5967 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hartinger and R. A. Bartels, Opt. Lett. 31, 3526 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Schlup, J. W. Wilson, and R. A. Bartels, “Sensitive and selective detection of low-frequency vibrational modes through a phase-shifting two-dimensional Fourier transform spectroscopy” (submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.).

J. W. Wilson, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, Chem. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berden, G.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bovee, W.

H. Barkhuijsen, R. de Beer, W. Bovee, and D. van Ormondt, J. Magn. Reson. 61, 465 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brun, A.

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Lesaux, and F. Salin, J. Phys. D 24, 1225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bulanov, S. S.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Caster, A. G.

S. H. Lim, A. G. Caster, and S. R. Leone, Phys. Rev. A 72, 041803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chvykov, V.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cicerone, M. T.

Y. J. Lee and M. T. Cicerone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

de Beer, R.

H. Barkhuijsen, R. de Beer, W. Bovee, and D. van Ormondt, J. Magn. Reson. 61, 465 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Downer, M. C.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dudovich, N.

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elsaesser, T.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Lesaux, and F. Salin, J. Phys. D 24, 1225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, G.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gillespie, W. A.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartinger, K.

Hellwarth, R. W.

R. W. Hellwarth, Prog. Quantum Electron. 5, 1 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Holtom, G. R.

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joly, A. G.

S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kalintchenko, G.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kalmykov, S.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knippels, G. M. H.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kumaresan, R.

D. W. Tufts and R. Kumaresan, Proc. IEEE 70, 975 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. J.

Y. J. Lee and M. T. Cicerone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leith, E. N.

Leone, S. R.

S. H. Lim, A. G. Caster, and S. R. Leone, Phys. Rev. A 72, 041803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lesaux, G.

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Lesaux, and F. Salin, J. Phys. D 24, 1225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lim, S. H.

S. H. Lim, A. G. Caster, and S. R. Leone, Phys. Rev. A 72, 041803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

MacLeod, A. M.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maksimchuk, A.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matlis, N. H.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, T.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Misoguti, L.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nazarkin, A.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Oron, D.

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paskover, Y.

A. Shalit, Y. Paskover, and Y. Prior, Chem. Phys. Lett. 450, 408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prior, Y.

A. Shalit, Y. Paskover, and Y. Prior, Chem. Phys. Lett. 450, 408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reed, S.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rousseau, P.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ruhman, S.

S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Lesaux, and F. Salin, J. Phys. D 24, 1225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, N. F.

P. Vohringer and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 2684 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schlup, P.

P. Schlup, J. Wilson, K. Hartinger, and R. A. Bartels, Appl. Opt. 46, 5967 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Wilson, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, Chem. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

P. Schlup, J. W. Wilson, and R. A. Bartels, “Sensitive and selective detection of low-frequency vibrational modes through a phase-shifting two-dimensional Fourier transform spectroscopy” (submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.).

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalit, A.

A. Shalit, Y. Paskover, and Y. Prior, Chem. Phys. Lett. 450, 408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shvets, G.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tufts, D. W.

D. W. Tufts and R. Kumaresan, Proc. IEEE 70, 975 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Upatniek, J.

Valdmanis, J. A.

J. A. Valdmanis, in Ultrafast Phenomena V (Springer, 1987), p. 82 (1986).

van der Meer, A. F. G.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Ormondt, D.

H. Barkhuijsen, R. de Beer, W. Bovee, and D. van Ormondt, J. Magn. Reson. 61, 465 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, G.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vohringer, P.

P. Vohringer and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 2684 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weinacht, T. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilke, I.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilson, J.

Wilson, J. W.

J. W. Wilson, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, Chem. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

P. Schlup, J. W. Wilson, and R. A. Bartels, “Sensitive and selective detection of low-frequency vibrational modes through a phase-shifting two-dimensional Fourier transform spectroscopy” (submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.).

Wittmann, M.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. S.

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yanovsky, V.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, Nat. Phys. 2, 749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, E.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zumbusch, A.

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. J. Lee and M. T. Cicerone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Hartinger and R. A. Bartels, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Shalit, Y. Paskover, and Y. Prior, Chem. Phys. Lett. 450, 408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Magn. Reson. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Recorded interferograms for a pump delay scan. Black curve, slope of the phase features used to estimate probe ϕ c . (b) DC-filtered reference spectrum, equivalent to E c ( ω ) 2 . Delays used for pump XPM (Fig. 2) and Raman measurements (Fig. 3) are marked with a diamond and triangle, respectively. τ is referenced at 780 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of naïve phase retrieval (gray curve) with holographic phase retrieval (black curve) of the XPM features at pump time delay τ = 0 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Raman spectra obtained from the phase measured at delay τ = 1.62 ps by Fourier transformation (gray curve) and LP-SVD (black curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Numerical simulation. We simulate the response of a fixed vibrational mode Ω v and vary the transform-limited probe pulse duration τ 0 . Each curve shows results for a chirped probe duration τ c .

Equations (2)

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S CSH ( Ω ) = S c ( Ω ) + S prb ( Ω ) + K ( Ω ) + K * ( Ω ) ,
δ ϕ ( t ) = E prb ( t ) ϕ c ( t ) .

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