Abstract

We demonstrate tunable time-slot interchange of 40Gbitss optical data packets using a conversion–dispersion-based tunable optical delay element. Odd and even data packets are extracted from an input signal, delayed relative to one another in a highly dispersive medium, and then multiplexed back together. Tunability is demonstrated by operating with two different packet lengths, 182 and 288  bits/packet, and a bit error rate of <109 is achieved.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. K. Hunter, I. Andonovic, and P. E. Barnsley, Electron. Lett. 30, 875 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Yao, P. Barnsley, N. Walker, and M. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 29, 1053 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  3. Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.
  4. M. C. Cardakli, D. Gurkan, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 200 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  5. Z. Wang, N. Chi, and S. Yu, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2994 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. S. Tucker, K. Pei-Cheng, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4046 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.
  8. J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. E. Willner, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 7872 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, C. Xu, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 14, 12022 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Conference on Optical Fiber Communications/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC 2008), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
  11. C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2579 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384 (2007).
    [Crossref]

2007 (1)

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

2002 (1)

M. C. Cardakli, D. Gurkan, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 200 (2002).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

D. K. Hunter, I. Andonovic, and P. E. Barnsley, Electron. Lett. 30, 875 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

J. Yao, P. Barnsley, N. Walker, and M. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 29, 1053 (1993).
[Crossref]

Akella, V.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Alic, N.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.

Andonovic, I.

D. K. Hunter, I. Andonovic, and P. E. Barnsley, Electron. Lett. 30, 875 (1994).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.

Bansal, Y.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Barnsley, P.

J. Yao, P. Barnsley, N. Walker, and M. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 29, 1053 (1993).
[Crossref]

Barnsley, P. E.

D. K. Hunter, I. Andonovic, and P. E. Barnsley, Electron. Lett. 30, 875 (1994).
[Crossref]

Brener, I.

M. C. Cardakli, D. Gurkan, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 200 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cao, J.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Cardakli, M. C.

M. C. Cardakli, D. Gurkan, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 200 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chi, N.

Christen, L.

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Conference on Optical Fiber Communications/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC 2008), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Fazal, I.

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Conference on Optical Fiber Communications/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC 2008), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Fejer, M. M.

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2579 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. C. Cardakli, D. Gurkan, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 200 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Conference on Optical Fiber Communications/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC 2008), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Fong, S. K. H.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Furukawa, H.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gnauck, A. H.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.

Gurkan, D.

M. C. Cardakli, D. Gurkan, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 200 (2002).
[Crossref]

Havstad, S. A.

M. C. Cardakli, D. Gurkan, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 200 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hunter, D. K.

D. K. Hunter, I. Andonovic, and P. E. Barnsley, Electron. Lett. 30, 875 (1994).
[Crossref]

Jeon, M.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Jopson, R. M.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.

Kamei, S.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Kumar, S.

Langrock, C.

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2579 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Conference on Optical Fiber Communications/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC 2008), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Lee, H. J.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

McGeehan, J. E.

McKinstrie, C. J.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.

Miyazaki, T.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384 (2007).
[Crossref]

Myslivets, E.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.

Nirmalathas, A.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nuccio, S.

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Conference on Optical Fiber Communications/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC 2008), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Okamoto, K.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Okawachi, Y.

O'Mahony, M.

J. Yao, P. Barnsley, N. Walker, and M. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 29, 1053 (1993).
[Crossref]

Pan, Z.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Parameswaran, K. R.

M. C. Cardakli, D. Gurkan, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 200 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pei-Cheng, K.

Radic, S.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.

Ren, J.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.

Saperstein, R. E.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.

Sharping, J. E.

Shinada, S.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384 (2007).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Tsuboya, H.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tsui, V. K.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Tucker, R. S.

van Howe, J.

Wada, N.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384 (2007).
[Crossref]

Walker, N.

J. Yao, P. Barnsley, N. Walker, and M. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 29, 1053 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

Willner, A. E.

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2579 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. E. Willner, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 7872 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Cardakli, D. Gurkan, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 200 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Conference on Optical Fiber Communications/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC 2008), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Wu, X.

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Conference on Optical Fiber Communications/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC 2008), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Xu, C.

Yao, J.

J. Yao, P. Barnsley, N. Walker, and M. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 29, 1053 (1993).
[Crossref]

Yilmaz, O. F.

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Conference on Optical Fiber Communications/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC 2008), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Yoo, S. J. B.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Yu, S.

Zhang, Y.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. K. Hunter, I. Andonovic, and P. E. Barnsley, Electron. Lett. 30, 875 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Yao, P. Barnsley, N. Walker, and M. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 29, 1053 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. C. Cardakli, D. Gurkan, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 200 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (2)

Other (3)

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Conference on Optical Fiber Communications/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC 2008), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2002), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WM6.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications 2006 (ECOC) (2006), postdeadline paper Th4.4.3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Concept of the TSI. Odd packets are retarded relative to the even packets in the dispersion module. The proposed method allows tuning of the packet length through delay tuning via wavelength selection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the time-slot interchanger. MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; DCF, dispersion compensation fiber; SSMF, standard single-mode fiber; TDCM, tunable dispersion compensating module; λ P , pump wavelength; λ D , dummy wavelength, BPF, bandpass filter; HPF, high-pass filter; Rx, receiver.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra and packets after first wavelength conversion stage in the HNLF for two different packet lengths. (a) Spectra after HNLF for 182 - bit -long packet extraction via FWM. Clocked pumps are located at 1551.38 and 1548.48 nm for even and odd packets, respectively; (b) spectra after HNLF for 288 - bit -long packet extraction via FWM. The clocked pump corresponding to odd packets ( λ P 2 ) is tuned to 1546.78 nm ; (c) 182 - bit -long input packets and extracted even–odd packets; (d) 288 - bit -long input packets and extracted even–odd packets.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectra and packets following multiplexing in the PPLN for two different packet lengths. (a) Spectra after PPLN for 182 - bit -long packet multiplexing; (b) spectra after PPLN for 288 - bit -long packet multiplexing; (c) multiplexed 182 - bit -long packets to the original signal wavelength with swapped even–odd packets; (d) multiplexed 288 - bit -long packets to the original signal wavelength with swapped even–odd packets.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Calculated residual dispersion after 35 km DCF and 185 km SSMF along with the relative delay achievable from the conversion–dispersion. When the TDCM is optimized there exists ± 26 ps nm residual dispersion on the channels; (b) BER performance of the system for 40 Gbits s PRBS signal and multiplexed packets. Back-to-back performance is also shown.

Metrics