Abstract

A chip-scale optical link system is presented with a transmitter/receiver and optical wire link. The interchip link system consists of a metal optical bench, a printed circuit board module, a driver/receiver integrated circuit, a vertical cavity surface-emitting laser/photodiode array, and an optical wire link composed of plastic optical fibers (POFs). We have developed a downsized POF and an optical wiring method that allows on-site installation with a simple annealing as optical wiring technologies for achieving high-density optical interchip interconnection within such devices. Successful data transfer measurements are presented.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. J. Yang, A. S. Flores, and M. R. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 14 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I.-K. Cho, K. B. Yoon, S. H. Ahn, H.-K. Sung, S. W. Ha, Y. U. Heo, and H.-H. Park, Opt. Lett. 30, 1635 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).
  5. K. Aoyagi and T. Ishigure, in Proceedings of Conference of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2007), p. 321.
    [CrossRef]
  6. I.-K. Cho, W.-J. Lee, M.-Y. Jeong, and H.-H. Park, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 410 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Wang, X. Wang, W. Jiang, J. Choi, H. Bi, and R. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 141110 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

I.-K. Cho, W.-J. Lee, M.-Y. Jeong, and H.-H. Park, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

I.-K. Cho, K. B. Yoon, S. H. Ahn, H.-K. Sung, S. W. Ha, Y. U. Heo, and H.-H. Park, Opt. Lett. 30, 1635 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, X. Wang, W. Jiang, J. Choi, H. Bi, and R. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 141110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Ahn, S. H.

Annen, R.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Aoyagi, K.

K. Aoyagi and T. Ishigure, in Proceedings of Conference of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2007), p. 321.
[CrossRef]

Baets, R. G.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Bi, H.

L. Wang, X. Wang, W. Jiang, J. Choi, H. Bi, and R. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 141110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bockstaele, R. B.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Brunfaut, M.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Chen, R.

L. Wang, X. Wang, W. Jiang, J. Choi, H. Bi, and R. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 141110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cho, H. S.

S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cho, I.-K.

I.-K. Cho, W.-J. Lee, M.-Y. Jeong, and H.-H. Park, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I.-K. Cho, K. B. Yoon, S. H. Ahn, H.-K. Sung, S. W. Ha, Y. U. Heo, and H.-H. Park, Opt. Lett. 30, 1635 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, M. H.

S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, J.

L. Wang, X. Wang, W. Jiang, J. Choi, H. Bi, and R. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 141110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coosemans, T.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Dhoedt, B.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Flores, A. S.

Ha, S. W.

Ha, S.-W.

S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Heo, Y. U.

Heremans, P. L.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Hwang, S. H.

S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ishigure, T.

K. Aoyagi and T. Ishigure, in Proceedings of Conference of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2007), p. 321.
[CrossRef]

Jeong, M.-Y.

I.-K. Cho, W.-J. Lee, M.-Y. Jeong, and H.-H. Park, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W.

L. Wang, X. Wang, W. Jiang, J. Choi, H. Bi, and R. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 141110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S.-K.

S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-H.

S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.-J.

I.-K. Cho, W.-J. Lee, M.-Y. Jeong, and H.-H. Park, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Moerman, I.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Park, H.-H.

I.-K. Cho, W.-J. Lee, M.-Y. Jeong, and H.-H. Park, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I.-K. Cho, K. B. Yoon, S. H. Ahn, H.-K. Sung, S. W. Ha, Y. U. Heo, and H.-H. Park, Opt. Lett. 30, 1635 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shin, K.-U.

S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sung, H.-K.

Sys, C.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Van Campenhout, J.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Van Daele, P.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Van Hove, A.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Vanwassenhove, L.

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

Wang, L.

L. Wang, X. Wang, W. Jiang, J. Choi, H. Bi, and R. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 141110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M. R.

Wang, X.

L. Wang, X. Wang, W. Jiang, J. Choi, H. Bi, and R. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 141110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. J.

Yoon, K. B.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Wang, X. Wang, W. Jiang, J. Choi, H. Bi, and R. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 141110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

I.-K. Cho, W.-J. Lee, M.-Y. Jeong, and H.-H. Park, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Hwang, M. H. Cho, S.-K. Kang, H.-H. Park, H. S. Cho, S.-H. Kim, K.-U. Shin, and S.-W. Ha, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

R. B. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. G. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, and J. Van Campenhout, 5, 224 (1999).

K. Aoyagi and T. Ishigure, in Proceedings of Conference of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2007), p. 321.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the optical interchip interconnect system; (b) structure of the metal optical bench.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Picture of the passive alignment using the ball-wedge wire bonder (7730E); (b) optical coupling between the VCSELs and the optical wiring link (POF).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Bending loss of the POF as a function of the ROC.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Test of the tensile strength of the UV epoxy.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Interchip link system with an optical link; (b) eye diagram measured for the 4.5 โ€‰ Gb โˆ• s transmission of 2 31 โˆ’ 1 pseudorandom binary sequence non-return-to-zero data.

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