Abstract

A full-vector mode solver for bending waveguides is described based on the finite-difference frequency-domain method in a local cylindrical coordinate system in which the formulas are directly derived from Maxwell’s equations with the help of Yee’s mesh. The perfectly matched layer absorbing boundary conditions are incorporated into the present approach in order to effectively demonstrate the leaky nature of bending waveguides. A typical bending rib waveguide is considered as a numerical example to show the effectiveness of the established method.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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