Abstract

A novel photonic-vector modulator architecture for the generation of 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16 QAM) millimeter-wave carriers using dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulators is proposed. Experimental generation of 5Gbitss 4 amplitude shift-keying (4 ASK) and 10Gbitss 16 QAM modulated 42GHz carriers is reported. The multilevel modulated millimeter-wave signals are demodulated using an electrical receiver and its error-vector magnitude (EVM) estimated from the measurements, obtaining EVMs of 21.04 and 18.33dB for 4 ASK and 16 QAM modulation formats, respectively.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007

2006

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Seeds and J. K. Williams, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Milan, M. V. Anders, P. A. Anderkson, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

W. D. Jemison, A. J. Kreuzberger, and E. Funk, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 12, 125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Anderkson, P. A.

A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Milan, M. V. Anders, P. A. Anderkson, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Anders, M. V.

A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Milan, M. V. Anders, P. A. Anderkson, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Candelas, P.

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Corral, J. L.

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications 2007 (VDE Verlag, 2007), paper Tu5.4.7.

Funk, E.

W. D. Jemison, A. J. Kreuzberger, and E. Funk, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 12, 125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fuster, J. M.

Harada, M.

Hedekvist, P. O.

A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Milan, M. V. Anders, P. A. Anderkson, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, A.

Jemison, W. D.

W. D. Jemison, A. J. Kreuzberger, and E. Funk, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 12, 125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kreuzberger, A. J.

W. D. Jemison, A. J. Kreuzberger, and E. Funk, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 12, 125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Candelas, J. M. Fuster, J. Marti, and J. C. Roig, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 496 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications 2007 (VDE Verlag, 2007), paper Tu5.4.7.

Martinez, A.

M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nagatsuma, T.

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Perez-Milan, P.

A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Milan, M. V. Anders, P. A. Anderkson, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Piqueras, M. A.

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications 2007 (VDE Verlag, 2007), paper Tu5.4.7.

Polo, V.

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications 2007 (VDE Verlag, 2007), paper Tu5.4.7.

Roig, J. C.

Sambaraju, R.

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications 2007 (VDE Verlag, 2007), paper Tu5.4.7.

Seeds, A. J.

Su, Y.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vidal, B.

M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wiberg, A.

A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Milan, M. V. Anders, P. A. Anderkson, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. K.

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.

W. D. Jemison, A. J. Kreuzberger, and E. Funk, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 12, 125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Milan, M. V. Anders, P. A. Anderkson, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications 2007 (VDE Verlag, 2007), paper Tu5.4.7.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed 16 QAM PVM architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Radio frequency spectrum at the output of the BPD.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Downconverted (a) I and (b) Q components of the 16 QAM signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Resulting normalized constellation diagram of the 16 QAM signal.

Equations (1)

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i PD = R P L tot J 0 ( m LO ) J 1 ( m LO ) [ cos 2 ( π 4 V π I 1 ( I 1 ( t ) I 2 ( t ) ) ) cos ( ω LO t ) + cos 2 ( π 4 V π Q 1 ( Q 1 ( t ) Q 2 ( t ) ) ) sin ( ω LO t ) ] ,

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