Abstract

We examine thermal distortions of volume holograms recorded in (meth)acrylate photopolymers doped with SiO2 or ZrO2 nanoparticles. A holographic method is used to evaluate the temperature-induced Bragg-angle detuning of recorded volume holograms as a result of thermally induced refractive index and dimensional changes. It is found that the incorporation of inorganic nanoparticles into photopolymer leads to the effective suppression of these thermal changes, thereby extending the range of operating temperatures for their use in photonic applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

Y. Rao and T. N. Blanton, Macromolecules 41, 935 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Opt. Express 14, 12712 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, and K. Chikama, Opt. Lett. 30, 839 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Takahashi, J. Yamaguchi, and Y. Tomita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L1008 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Suzuki and Y. Tomita, Appl. Opt. 43, 2125 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Y. Tomita and H. Nishibiraki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 410 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

L. L. Beecroft and C. K. Ober, Chem. Mater. 9, 1302 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

Bair, H.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bashaw, M. C.

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
[Crossref]

Beecroft, L. L.

L. L. Beecroft and C. K. Ober, Chem. Mater. 9, 1302 (1997).
[Crossref]

Blanton, T. N.

Y. Rao and T. N. Blanton, Macromolecules 41, 935 (2008).
[Crossref]

Boyd, C.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Campbell, S.

Chikama, K.

Dhar, L.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Furushima, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hesselink, L.

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hidaka, M.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Opt. Express 14, 12712 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishizu, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kojima, T.

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kostuk, R. K.

Lin, S.-H.

Nishibiraki, H.

Y. Tomita and H. Nishibiraki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 410 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ober, C. K.

L. L. Beecroft and C. K. Ober, Chem. Mater. 9, 1302 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ochi, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ohmori, K.

Orlov, S. S.

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ozawa, M.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y.

Y. Rao and T. N. Blanton, Macromolecules 41, 935 (2008).
[Crossref]

Russo, J. M.

Schilling, M.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Schones, M. G.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, N.

Takahashi, H.

H. Takahashi, J. Yamaguchi, and Y. Tomita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L1008 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, A.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tomita, Y.

N. Suzuki and Y. Tomita, Appl. Opt. 46, 6809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Opt. Express 14, 12712 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Takahashi, J. Yamaguchi, and Y. Tomita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L1008 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, and K. Chikama, Opt. Lett. 30, 839 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Suzuki and Y. Tomita, Appl. Opt. 43, 2125 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tomita and H. Nishibiraki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 410 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, SPIE Newsroom, January, 2007, http://spie.org/x8520.xml.

Wysocki, T. L.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, J.

H. Takahashi, J. Yamaguchi, and Y. Tomita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L1008 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yeh, P.

Yi, X.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita and H. Nishibiraki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 410 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

L. L. Beecroft and C. K. Ober, Chem. Mater. 9, 1302 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Takahashi, J. Yamaguchi, and Y. Tomita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L1008 (2005).
[Crossref]

Macromolecules (1)

Y. Rao and T. N. Blanton, Macromolecules 41, 935 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

R.Krisnamoorti and R.A.Vaia, eds., Polymer Nanocomposites (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 2002).

Y. Tomita, SPIE Newsroom, January, 2007, http://spie.org/x8520.xml.

Temperature-dependent refractive indices of SiO2 and ZrO2 nanoparticles were extracted from the refractive-index measurement of nanoparticle-polymer composite films by using the Lorentz-Lorenz formula.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Thermo-optic coefficients d n d T at 25 ° C and at a wavelength of 546 nm as a function of volume fraction of nanoparticles or PMMA for samples I (●), II (○), and III (△).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Bragg-angle detuning as a function of ϕ at different temperatures (○, 15 ° C ; ◻, 20 ° C ; ◇, 25 ° C ; △, 30 ° C ; ▽, 35 ° C ; ●, 40 ° C ; ◼, 45 ° C ; ◆, 50 ° C ; ▲, 55 ° C ; ▼, 60 ° C ) for sample I with Si O 2 nanoparticle concentrations of (a) 5 and (b) 40 vol. % . Note that ϕ and Δ θ B are angles measured in air.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature dependence of out-of-plane thermal expansion for samples I (●), II (○), and III (△) with 40 vol. % dispersion of nanoparticles or PMMA. The solid lines represent least-squares linear fits to the data.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Linear coefficients of thermal expansion as a function of volume fraction of nanoparticle or PMMA for samples I (●), II (○) and III (△).

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