Abstract

We demonstrate a high-performance optical arbitrary waveform shaper based on a single 10 GHz arrayed-waveguide grating with 64 loopback waveguides and integrated amplitude and phase modulators on each waveguide. The design is compact and self-aligning and allows for bidirectional operation. The device’s complex transfer function is manipulated and measured over the full 640 GHz passband. To demonstrate optical arbitrary waveform shaping, high-fidelity 15-line shaped waveforms are measured with cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, J. Cao, A. Karalar, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Lett. 32, 865 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, Electron. Lett. 40, 537 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 850 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Kikuchi, K. Tsuzuki, E. Yamada, H. Yasaka, and T. Ishibashi, Proc. SPIE 6014, 601409-1 (2005).
  7. K. Mandai, D. Miyamoto, T. Suzuki, H. Tsuda, K. Aizawa, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 679 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.
  9. K. Takada and S.-I. Satoh, Opt. Lett. 31, 323 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer, 2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, J. Cao, K. Okamoto, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Express 15, 9977 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

K. Mandai, D. Miyamoto, T. Suzuki, H. Tsuda, K. Aizawa, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 679 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Takada and S.-I. Satoh, Opt. Lett. 31, 323 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

N. Kikuchi, K. Tsuzuki, E. Yamada, H. Yasaka, and T. Ishibashi, Proc. SPIE 6014, 601409-1 (2005).

2004

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, Electron. Lett. 40, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1995

A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Abe, M.

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aizawa, K.

K. Mandai, D. Miyamoto, T. Suzuki, H. Tsuda, K. Aizawa, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 679 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J.

Fontaine, N. K.

R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, J. Cao, K. Okamoto, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Express 15, 9977 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, J. Cao, A. Karalar, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Lett. 32, 865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

Geisler, D. J.

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

Heritage, J. P.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, J. Cao, A. Karalar, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Lett. 32, 865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, J. Cao, K. Okamoto, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Express 15, 9977 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

Huang, C.-B.

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, T.

N. Kikuchi, K. Tsuzuki, E. Yamada, H. Yasaka, and T. Ishibashi, Proc. SPIE 6014, 601409-1 (2005).

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Karalar, A.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, J. Cao, A. Karalar, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Lett. 32, 865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

Kikuchi, N.

N. Kikuchi, K. Tsuzuki, E. Yamada, H. Yasaka, and T. Ishibashi, Proc. SPIE 6014, 601409-1 (2005).

Kolner, B. H.

Kominato, T.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, Electron. Lett. 40, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, T.

K. Mandai, D. Miyamoto, T. Suzuki, H. Tsuda, K. Aizawa, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 679 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mandai, K.

K. Mandai, D. Miyamoto, T. Suzuki, H. Tsuda, K. Aizawa, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 679 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, D.

K. Mandai, D. Miyamoto, T. Suzuki, H. Tsuda, K. Aizawa, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 679 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, J. Cao, A. Karalar, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Lett. 32, 865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, J. Cao, K. Okamoto, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Express 15, 9977 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, Electron. Lett. 40, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

Satoh, S.-I.

Scott, R. P.

R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, J. Cao, K. Okamoto, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Express 15, 9977 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, J. Cao, A. Karalar, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Lett. 32, 865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

Shibata, T.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, Electron. Lett. 40, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soares, F. M.

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

Suzuki, T.

K. Mandai, D. Miyamoto, T. Suzuki, H. Tsuda, K. Aizawa, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 679 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takada, K.

K. Takada and S.-I. Satoh, Opt. Lett. 31, 323 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, Electron. Lett. 40, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takiguchi, K.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, Electron. Lett. 40, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Tsuda, H.

K. Mandai, D. Miyamoto, T. Suzuki, H. Tsuda, K. Aizawa, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 679 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsuzuki, K.

N. Kikuchi, K. Tsuzuki, E. Yamada, H. Yasaka, and T. Ishibashi, Proc. SPIE 6014, 601409-1 (2005).

Weiner, A. M.

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, E.

N. Kikuchi, K. Tsuzuki, E. Yamada, H. Yasaka, and T. Ishibashi, Proc. SPIE 6014, 601409-1 (2005).

Yang, C.

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

Yang, J.

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

Yasaka, H.

N. Kikuchi, K. Tsuzuki, E. Yamada, H. Yasaka, and T. Ishibashi, Proc. SPIE 6014, 601409-1 (2005).

Yoo, S. J. B.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, J. Cao, A. Karalar, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Lett. 32, 865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, J. Cao, K. Okamoto, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, Opt. Express 15, 9977 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

Electron. Lett.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, Electron. Lett. 40, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

K. Mandai, D. Miyamoto, T. Suzuki, H. Tsuda, K. Aizawa, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 679 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

N. Kikuchi, K. Tsuzuki, E. Yamada, H. Yasaka, and T. Ishibashi, Proc. SPIE 6014, 601409-1 (2005).

Prog. Quantum Electron.

A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, C. Yang, F. M. Soares, A. Karalar, J. Yang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuC7.

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer, 2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Depiction of an AWG-pair waveform shaper and (b) a loopback AWG waveform shaper. Dashed spectral lines follow paths as shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) OAWG waveform shaping experimental arrangement. WS transmission for three channels with different electrical powers applied to channel 38’s (b) MZM and (c) PM (amplitude in black and phase in gray).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmission of AWG (long dashed curve), WS (solid curve), and AWG on WS polarization (short dashed curve). Impulse response of (b) AWG. (c) Energy normalized impulse response of WS. Intensity (solid curve) and phase (dotted curve) transmission of waveform shaper (d) without correction and (e) with phase and intensity flattening.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a)–(c) QSP waveform. (d)–(f) Transform-limited waveform. (a), (d) Time domain; (b), (e) spectral domain; (c), (f) XFROG trace. Measured waveforms intensity (solid curve, squares); phase (dashed curve, closed circles); target waveforms (dotted curve, open circles, x).

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