Abstract

Surface relief holographic gratings are fabricated on the polybutadiene-coated walls of a cell filled with an aqueous solution of an azo-dye-labeled phospholipid. A low power (2mW) 488nm argon ion laser wavelength is used. Laser-excited azo dye reacts to produce a permanent surface-relief pattern on the polybutadiene substrate. Gratings are recorded for varying concentrations of the phospholipid solution as well as laser intensity. Lithographic masks are used to show that the photochemical pattern on the substrate is an exact replica of the light intensity distribution, and so the technique can be used for holographic recording as well as for biomolecular applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (3)

M. Duroux, E. Skovsen, M. T. Neves-Petersen, L. Duroux, L. Gurevich, and S. B. Petersen, Proteomics 73491 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Pham, I. Gourevich, J. E. N. Jonkman, and E. Kumacheva, J. Mater. Chem. 17, 523 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Kassu, J. M. Taguenang, and A. Sharma, Appl. Opt. 46, 489 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

C. K. Yee, M. L. Anweg, and A. N. Parikh, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 1184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Takase, A. Natansohn, and P. Rochon, Polymer 44, 7345 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Popa, M. Arnautu, M. J. M. Abadie, and V. Bulacovschi, Rev. Roum. Chim. 47, 471 (2002).

2000 (2)

L. A. Kung, L. Kam, J. S. Hovis, and S. G. Boxer, Langmuir 16, 6773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Sackmann and M. Tanaka, Trends Biotechnol. 18, 58 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

R. Beaulieu, R. A. Lessard, M. Bolte, and D. Kip, Proc. SPIE 3294, 84 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

C. Carre and D-J. Lougnot, J. Opt. 21, 147 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1975 (1)

P. S. Spenser and H. H. Schaumburg, Environ. Health Perspect. 11, 129 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Abadie, M. J. M.

M. Popa, M. Arnautu, M. J. M. Abadie, and V. Bulacovschi, Rev. Roum. Chim. 47, 471 (2002).

Anweg, M. L.

C. K. Yee, M. L. Anweg, and A. N. Parikh, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 1184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arnautu, M.

M. Popa, M. Arnautu, M. J. M. Abadie, and V. Bulacovschi, Rev. Roum. Chim. 47, 471 (2002).

Beaulieu, R.

R. Beaulieu, R. A. Lessard, M. Bolte, and D. Kip, Proc. SPIE 3294, 84 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bolte, M.

R. Beaulieu, R. A. Lessard, M. Bolte, and D. Kip, Proc. SPIE 3294, 84 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boxer, S. G.

L. A. Kung, L. Kam, J. S. Hovis, and S. G. Boxer, Langmuir 16, 6773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bulacovschi, V.

M. Popa, M. Arnautu, M. J. M. Abadie, and V. Bulacovschi, Rev. Roum. Chim. 47, 471 (2002).

Bureau, J. F.

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carre, C.

C. Carre and D-J. Lougnot, J. Opt. 21, 147 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cribier, S.

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davoust, J.

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeVaux, P. F.

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dokhanian, M.

Duroux, L.

M. Duroux, E. Skovsen, M. T. Neves-Petersen, L. Duroux, L. Gurevich, and S. B. Petersen, Proteomics 73491 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duroux, M.

M. Duroux, E. Skovsen, M. T. Neves-Petersen, L. Duroux, L. Gurevich, and S. B. Petersen, Proteomics 73491 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fellman, P.

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frilley, B.

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geldwerth, D.

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gourevich, I.

H. H. Pham, I. Gourevich, J. E. N. Jonkman, and E. Kumacheva, J. Mater. Chem. 17, 523 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gurevich, L.

M. Duroux, E. Skovsen, M. T. Neves-Petersen, L. Duroux, L. Gurevich, and S. B. Petersen, Proteomics 73491 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herve, P.

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hovis, J. S.

L. A. Kung, L. Kam, J. S. Hovis, and S. G. Boxer, Langmuir 16, 6773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. L.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jonkman, J. E. N.

H. H. Pham, I. Gourevich, J. E. N. Jonkman, and E. Kumacheva, J. Mater. Chem. 17, 523 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kam, L.

L. A. Kung, L. Kam, J. S. Hovis, and S. G. Boxer, Langmuir 16, 6773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kassu, A.

Ke, Y.

Kim, D.-Y.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kip, D.

R. Beaulieu, R. A. Lessard, M. Bolte, and D. Kip, Proc. SPIE 3294, 84 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kumacheva, E.

H. H. Pham, I. Gourevich, J. E. N. Jonkman, and E. Kumacheva, J. Mater. Chem. 17, 523 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, J.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kung, L. A.

L. A. Kung, L. Kam, J. S. Hovis, and S. G. Boxer, Langmuir 16, 6773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. S.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lessard, R. A.

R. Beaulieu, R. A. Lessard, M. Bolte, and D. Kip, Proc. SPIE 3294, 84 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lougnot, D-J.

C. Carre and D-J. Lougnot, J. Opt. 21, 147 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Morrot, G.

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Natansohn, A.

H. Takase, A. Natansohn, and P. Rochon, Polymer 44, 7345 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Neves-Petersen, M. T.

M. Duroux, E. Skovsen, M. T. Neves-Petersen, L. Duroux, L. Gurevich, and S. B. Petersen, Proteomics 73491 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parekh, A. N.

Parikh, A. N.

C. K. Yee, M. L. Anweg, and A. N. Parikh, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 1184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, S. B.

M. Duroux, E. Skovsen, M. T. Neves-Petersen, L. Duroux, L. Gurevich, and S. B. Petersen, Proteomics 73491 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pham, H. H.

H. H. Pham, I. Gourevich, J. E. N. Jonkman, and E. Kumacheva, J. Mater. Chem. 17, 523 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Popa, M.

M. Popa, M. Arnautu, M. J. M. Abadie, and V. Bulacovschi, Rev. Roum. Chim. 47, 471 (2002).

Rochon, P.

H. Takase, A. Natansohn, and P. Rochon, Polymer 44, 7345 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sackmann, E.

E. Sackmann and M. Tanaka, Trends Biotechnol. 18, 58 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schaumburg, H. H.

P. S. Spenser and H. H. Schaumburg, Environ. Health Perspect. 11, 129 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, A.

Shen, J.

Skovsen, E.

M. Duroux, E. Skovsen, M. T. Neves-Petersen, L. Duroux, L. Gurevich, and S. B. Petersen, Proteomics 73491 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spenser, P. S.

P. S. Spenser and H. H. Schaumburg, Environ. Health Perspect. 11, 129 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Taguenang, J. M.

Takase, H.

H. Takase, A. Natansohn, and P. Rochon, Polymer 44, 7345 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

E. Sackmann and M. Tanaka, Trends Biotechnol. 18, 58 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tripathi, S.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

Yang, J.

Yee, C. K.

C. K. Yee, M. L. Anweg, and A. N. Parikh, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 1184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Zhou, J.

Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) (1)

C. K. Yee, M. L. Anweg, and A. N. Parikh, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 1184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Environ. Health Perspect. (1)

P. S. Spenser and H. H. Schaumburg, Environ. Health Perspect. 11, 129 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

H. H. Pham, I. Gourevich, J. E. N. Jonkman, and E. Kumacheva, J. Mater. Chem. 17, 523 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

C. Carre and D-J. Lougnot, J. Opt. 21, 147 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

L. A. Kung, L. Kam, J. S. Hovis, and S. G. Boxer, Langmuir 16, 6773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Polymer (1)

H. Takase, A. Natansohn, and P. Rochon, Polymer 44, 7345 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

G. Morrot, S. Cribier, P. F. DeVaux, D. Geldwerth, J. Davoust, J. F. Bureau, P. Fellman, P. Herve, and B. Frilley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6863 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Beaulieu, R. A. Lessard, M. Bolte, and D. Kip, Proc. SPIE 3294, 84 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proteomics (1)

M. Duroux, E. Skovsen, M. T. Neves-Petersen, L. Duroux, L. Gurevich, and S. B. Petersen, Proteomics 73491 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Roum. Chim. (1)

M. Popa, M. Arnautu, M. J. M. Abadie, and V. Bulacovschi, Rev. Roum. Chim. 47, 471 (2002).

Trends Biotechnol. (1)

E. Sackmann and M. Tanaka, Trends Biotechnol. 18, 58 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

U.S. Department of Labor, http://www.ampolymer.com/MSDS/PBU.htm.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental layout for fabrication of surface-relief holographic gratings.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Growth curves are for 488 nm laser power of 0.2, 0.6, 1.2, and 2.5 mW . Concentration of the phospholipid solution was 1 mg mL . In general higher laser power results in faster growth.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Grating-growth curves are for concentration of 0.0625, 0.25, 0.5, and 4 mg∕mL of phospholipids in water. In general higher concentration results in faster growth. Power of 488 nm laser is 2.5 mW .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical and atomic force micrographs of a surface-relief grating with a grating parameter of 2.5 μ m . The amplitude of surface relief is about 200 nm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dye-labeled phospholipid microarray fabricated by exposing a polybutadiene-coated liquid cell with 488 nm laser light through micromesh. The optical micrograph (a) is made soon after fabrication. The dark stain represents the remaining dried phospholipid that dissolves (b) after keeping the microarray for 3 h in distilled water. (c),(d) AFMs to demonstrate immobilization of phospholipid in a light-exposed array. Region (A) is exposed to 488 nm light while (B) is not. Phospholipid concentrations for (c) and (d) are 1 mg mL and 10 mg mL , respectively.

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