Abstract

A novel distributed fiber-optic strain sensor based on dynamic grating in polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber (PM-EDF) is demonstrated experimentally. The dynamic grating is written with light beams polarized along one primary polarization axis of the PM-EDF, and read with a light beam polarized along the other primary polarization axis. When a strain is applied to the fiber, the detected Bragg reflection frequency of the dynamic grating shifts in proportion to the birefringence change, which is proportional to the strain. By employing the technique of synthesis of optical coherence function, the dynamic grating is localized in a region that can be shifted to sweep along the fiber to determine the location of the strain. In the experiment, a spatial resolution of 20cm is demonstrated.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Taneda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. K. Hotate and M. Tanaka, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 179 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  3. X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 1101 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThL3.
    [PubMed]
  5. Z. He and K. Hotate, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1715 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 14, 556 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. J. Frisken, Opt. Lett. 17, 1776 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 1858 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 18, 2108 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. X. Fan, Z. He, Y. Mizuno, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 13, 5756 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 1101 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Fan, Z. He, Y. Mizuno, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 13, 5756 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

Z. He and K. Hotate, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1715 (2002).
[Crossref]

K. Hotate and M. Tanaka, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 179 (2002).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Taneda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 1858 (1993).
[Crossref]

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 18, 2108 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

DiGiovanni, D. J.

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 1858 (1993).
[Crossref]

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 18, 2108 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, X.

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 14, 556 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Fan, Z. He, Y. Mizuno, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 13, 5756 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 1101 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThL3.
[PubMed]

Fischer, B.

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 1858 (1993).
[Crossref]

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 18, 2108 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frisken, S. J.

He, Z.

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 14, 556 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Fan, Z. He, Y. Mizuno, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 13, 5756 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 1101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. He and K. Hotate, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1715 (2002).
[Crossref]

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThL3.
[PubMed]

Horiguchi, T.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Taneda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hotate, K.

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 14, 556 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Fan, Z. He, Y. Mizuno, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 13, 5756 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 1101 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Hotate and M. Tanaka, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 179 (2002).
[Crossref]

Z. He and K. Hotate, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1715 (2002).
[Crossref]

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThL3.
[PubMed]

Koyamada, Y.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Taneda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kurashima, T.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Taneda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[Crossref]

Mizuno, Y.

Shimizu, K.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Taneda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[Crossref]

Sulhoff, J. W.

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 1858 (1993).
[Crossref]

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 18, 2108 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, M.

K. Hotate and M. Tanaka, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 179 (2002).
[Crossref]

Taneda, M.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Taneda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zyskind, J. L.

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 1858 (1993).
[Crossref]

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 18, 2108 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 1858 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Hotate and M. Tanaka, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 179 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Z. He and K. Hotate, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1715 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Taneda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 (1)

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 1101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CThL3.
[PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. LD, laser diode; PC, polarizer controller; IM, intensity modulator; PD, photodetector; PM-WDM, polarization-maintaining wavelength division multiplexer; PBS/PBC, polarization beam splitter/polarization beam combiner; GPIB, general purpose interface bus.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflection spectrum of the dynamic grating localized at the strained section.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflection spectra when the dynamic grating is localized at different positions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Bragg frequency shift when sweeping the coherence peak along the fiber.

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