Abstract

Characteristics of diode-pumped Er-doped and Er–Pr-codoped ZBLAN fiber amplifiers were investigated at the 2.72.8μm wavelength range. An amplified signal of 4.6W was obtained from the singly Er-doped amplifier for an input signal of 110mW, corresponding to a net gain of 16.2dB. An amplified signal of 2.65W was obtained from the Er–Pr-codoped amplifier for an input signal of 70mW, corresponding to a net gain of 15.8dB. It is found that the gain bandwidth of the singly Er-doped amplifier is much narrower than that of the Er–Pr-codoped amplifier. Small gain, no gain, or even a loss for shorter-wavelength signals propagating through the singly Er-doped amplifier should attribute for the large number residual populations in the lower laser level caused by the inefficient depopulation of the energy transfer upconversion processes.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Srinivasan, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Express 4, 490 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Lett. 24, 1133 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Sandrock, D. Fischer, P. Glas, M. Leitner, and M. Wrage, Opt. Lett. 24, 1284 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. D. Jackson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1316 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 29, 334 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. X. Zhu and R. Jain, in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2004), paper ThP5.
  7. X. Zhu and R. Jain, Appl. Opt. 45, 7118 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. Zhu and R. Jain, Opt. Lett. 32, 26 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Ronarch, J. Y. Allain, M. Guibert, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 26, 903 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Ronarch, M. Guibert, F. Auzel, D. Mechenin, J. Y. Allain, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 511 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, and Y. Miyajima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 32, L62 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Zhu and R. Jain, Opt. Lett. 32, 2381 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. X. Zhu and R. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 156 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008

X. Zhu and R. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 156 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2004

2003

S. D. Jackson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1316 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

1993

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, and Y. Miyajima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 32, L62 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

D. Ronarch, M. Guibert, F. Auzel, D. Mechenin, J. Y. Allain, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

D. Ronarch, J. Y. Allain, M. Guibert, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 26, 903 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Allain, J. Y.

D. Ronarch, M. Guibert, F. Auzel, D. Mechenin, J. Y. Allain, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Ronarch, J. Y. Allain, M. Guibert, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 26, 903 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

D. Ronarch, M. Guibert, F. Auzel, D. Mechenin, J. Y. Allain, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, D.

Glas, P.

Guibert, M.

D. Ronarch, M. Guibert, F. Auzel, D. Mechenin, J. Y. Allain, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Ronarch, J. Y. Allain, M. Guibert, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 26, 903 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

Jain, R.

X. Zhu and R. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 156 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, Opt. Lett. 32, 26 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, Opt. Lett. 32, 2381 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, Appl. Opt. 45, 7118 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2004), paper ThP5.

Jain, R. K.

King, T. A.

Komukai, T.

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, and Y. Miyajima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 32, L62 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, M.

Mechenin, D.

D. Ronarch, M. Guibert, F. Auzel, D. Mechenin, J. Y. Allain, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Miyajima, Y.

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, and Y. Miyajima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 32, L62 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

D. Ronarch, J. Y. Allain, M. Guibert, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 26, 903 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Poigant, H.

D. Ronarch, M. Guibert, F. Auzel, D. Mechenin, J. Y. Allain, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Ronarch, J. Y. Allain, M. Guibert, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 26, 903 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

Ronarch, D.

D. Ronarch, M. Guibert, F. Auzel, D. Mechenin, J. Y. Allain, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Ronarch, J. Y. Allain, M. Guibert, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 26, 903 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sandrock, T.

Srinivasan, B.

Tafoya, J.

Wrage, M.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, and Y. Miyajima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 32, L62 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu and R. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 156 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, Opt. Lett. 32, 2381 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, Opt. Lett. 32, 26 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, Appl. Opt. 45, 7118 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2004), paper ThP5.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. D. Jackson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1316 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

D. Ronarch, J. Y. Allain, M. Guibert, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 26, 903 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. Ronarch, M. Guibert, F. Auzel, D. Mechenin, J. Y. Allain, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

X. Zhu and R. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 156 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, and Y. Miyajima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 32, L62 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

X. Zhu and R. Jain, in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2004), paper ThP5.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for high-power diode-pumped Er-doped and Er–Pr-codoped ZBLAN fiber amplifiers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectra of the singly Er-doped ZBLAN fiber amplifiers for 110 mW signals of different wavelengths when the pump power is 5.4 W . (a) Signal wavelengths are 2705, 2718, 2731, and 2736 nm ; (b) signal wavelengths are 2744, 2752, 2761, 2770, 2778, 2788, and 2805 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Output power and (b) net gain as a function of pump power for the singly Er-doped ZBLAN fiber amplifier for 110 mW signals of 2744 nm (square), 2788 nm (circle), and 2805 nm (diamond).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal stability of the 110 mW input signal (lower curve) and the 4.6 W output signal (upper curve) of the singly Er-doped ZBLAN fiber amplifier.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectra of the Er–Pr-codoped ZBLAN fiber amplifier for 70 mW signals of different wavelengths when the pump is 3.35 W . Signal wavelengths are 2703, 2709, 2719, 2730, 2738, 2754, 2763, 2772, 2789, and 2793 nm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Output power and (b) net gain as a function of pump power for the diode-pumped Er–Pr-codoped ZBLAN fiber amplifier for 70 mW signals of 2703 nm (circle), 2754 nm (diamond), and 2793 nm (square).

Metrics