Abstract

Resonantly pumped Er3+:Sc2O3 laser operation is achieved with a quantum defect (QD) of 1.5% at liquid nitrogen temperature. The laser, in-line pumped at 1535nm, operated at 1558nm with a slope efficiency of over 45%. This is believed to be the lowest QD eye-safe laser ever reported. CW output of over 3.3W was obtained in this first experiment.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hellstrom, B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, Opt. Express 15, 13930 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

1999

1992

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1982

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aull, B. F.

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chann, B.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2008 Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuB4.

L. D. Merkle, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThDD1.

Efimov, O.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fechner, M.

M. Fechner, A. Kahn, H. Scheife, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Technical Digest (2007), paper CA8-5.

Francis, M. P.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L.

Glebova, L.

Griebner, U.

Hellstrom, J. E.

Huber, G.

M. Fechner, A. Kahn, H. Scheife, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Technical Digest (2007), paper CA8-5.

Ikesue, A.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2008 Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuB4.

A. Ikesue, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThT1.

L. D. Merkle, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThDD1.

Jacobsson, B.

Jenssen, H. P.

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, A.

M. Fechner, A. Kahn, H. Scheife, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Technical Digest (2007), paper CA8-5.

Kong, J.

Konves, J. R.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

Lu, J.

Merkle, L. D.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2008 Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuB4.

L. D. Merkle, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThDD1.

Newburgh, G. A.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2008 Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuB4.

Ochoa, J. R.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

U. Griebner, V. Petrov, K. Petermann, and V. Peters, Opt. Express 12, 3125 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fechner, A. Kahn, H. Scheife, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Technical Digest (2007), paper CA8-5.

Peters, V.

Petrov, V.

Richardson, K.

Ripin, D. J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scheife, H.

M. Fechner, A. Kahn, H. Scheife, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Technical Digest (2007), paper CA8-5.

Setzler, S. D.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, V.

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Spitzberg, J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

Ter-Gabrielyan, N.

L. D. Merkle, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThDD1.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2008 Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuB4.

Tilleman, M.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

Yagi, H.

Yanagitani, T.

Young, Y. E.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

A. Ikesue, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThT1.

M. Fechner, A. Kahn, H. Scheife, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Technical Digest (2007), paper CA8-5.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2008 Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuB4.

L. D. Merkle, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, and A. Ikesue, in 2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThDD1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Liquid nitrogen temperature GSA (blue) and SE (red) effective cross section spectra of Er 3 + -doped Sc 2 O 3 . Transition color coding is cross referenced with Fig. 2. Numbers associated with pump and laser transitions are transition wavelengths in nanometers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental energy level scheme of the I 15 2 4 and I 13 2 4 manifolds of Er 3 + ions in Sc 2 O 3 ceramic, along with liquid nitrogen temperature Boltzmann population distribution and relevant pump and laser transitions, shown color coded. Transition color coding is cross referenced with Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for the ultralow QD Er : Sc 2 O 3 ceramic cryocooled laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

CW laser operation of the ultralow QD Er 3 + ( 0.25 % ) : Sc 2 O 3 ceramic laser: Output versus absorbed pump power with the output coupler R = 96.6 % at 1558 nm . Laser pump wavelength, 1535 nm ; output wavelength, 1558 nm .

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