Surface reflections often present a problem in the polarization difference imaging of tissue. The technique described involves illumination in a single polarization state and detection in the orthogonal polarization state. Synchronously rotating both the illumination and orthogonal detection states provides an image free from surface reflections that is sensitive to the polarization properties of the underlying tissue. Results on tissue phantoms demonstrate that polarization sensitive measurements of a test target can be made up to a depth of 12 mean free paths within a scattering medium. Preliminary images of bovine tendon are also demonstrated.
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