Abstract

We propose and demonstrate that periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) can act as an ultrafast three-input XOR gate for differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) signals based on cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation. PPLN-based all-optical three-input Boolean XOR operations for 20Gbitss return-to-zero DPSK (RZ-DPSK), 40Gbitss RZ-DPSK, and 20Gbitss non-return-to-zero DPSK signals are all successfully verified in the experiment.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. L. Lee, B.-A. Yu, T. J. Eom, W. Shin, C. Jung, Y.-C. Noh, J. Lee, D.-K. Ko, and K. Oh, Opt. Express 14, 2776 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, Electron. Lett. 43, 409 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, Opt. Lett. 31, 1711 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 44, 413 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 541 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, Opt. Express 15, 1690 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2008), paper OMV3.
    [PubMed]

2008 (1)

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 44, 413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 541 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, Opt. Express 15, 1690 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, Electron. Lett. 43, 409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2004 (1)

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.-K.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. K.

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-K.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Deng, N.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eom, T. J.

Fejer, M. M.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2008), paper OMV3.
[PubMed]

Giltrelli, M.

J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, Electron. Lett. 43, 409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 44, 413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2008), paper OMV3.
[PubMed]

Jung, C.

Ko, D.-K.

Lee, J.

Lee, Y. L.

McGeehan, J. E.

J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, Electron. Lett. 43, 409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Noh, Y.-C.

Oh, K.

Shin, W.

Sun, J.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 44, 413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 541 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, Opt. Express 15, 1690 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, Opt. Lett. 31, 1711 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2008), paper OMV3.
[PubMed]

Sun, Q.

Tong, F.

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 44, 413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 541 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, Opt. Express 15, 1690 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, Opt. Lett. 31, 1711 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2008), paper OMV3.
[PubMed]

Willner, A. E.

J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, Electron. Lett. 43, 409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B.-A.

Zhang, X.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 44, 413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2008), paper OMV3.
[PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, Electron. Lett. 43, 409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 44, 413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Wang, J. Sun, and Q. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 541 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2008), paper OMV3.
[PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup and operation principle of PPLN-based three-input XOR gate for DPSK signals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured optical spectra of PPLN-based three-input Boolean XOR operation for (a) 20 Gbits s RZ-DPSK signals, (b) 40 Gbits s RZ-DPSK signals, and (c) 20 Gbits s NRZ-DPSK signals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Demodulated waveforms of three-input signals and converted idler (XOR output) for three-input 20 Gbits s RZ-DPSK Boolean XOR operation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Demodulated waveforms of three-input signals and converted idler (XOR output) for three-input 40 Gbits s RZ-DPSK Boolean XOR operation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Demodulated waveforms of three-input signals and converted idler (XOR output) for three-input 20 Gbits s NRZ-DPSK Boolean XOR operation.

Equations (2)

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A i ω i ω SF κ SFG κ DFG A A A B A C * { [ L Δ sin ( Δ L ) + cos ( Δ L ) 1 Δ 2 ] + i [ sin ( Δ L ) Δ 2 L Δ cos ( Δ L ) ] } ,
ϕ i = π + ϕ A + ϕ B ϕ C .

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